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Transcript of ANIMAL FARM
Freedom & Equality
Hierarchy of Animal Farm under Animalism:
What actions destroy freedom and equality?
Napoleon slowly takes away the rights of the animals on Animal Farm by taking advantage of their hard work and changing the commandments of Animalism. Along with his fellow pigs and the protection of his dogs, Napoleon puts the other animals to work with more hours, less food, and less reward than ever.
What characterizes the leader's behavior?
Napoleon's behavior can be most accurately described as manipulative and selfish. The knowledge and power that Napoleon has is used to frighten and trick the other less intelligent animals into doing as he wishes without questioning it. All of this manipulation is a direct result of his greed and selfishness because he does not have to do any of the work but gets to enjoy all of the benefits.
How does the leader gain and keep power?
Napoleon first gains his power by learning to read and becoming more intelligent than the other animals. There was competition for power between Napoleon and Snowball, but through the twisting of Snowball's intentions and image Napoleon is able to run him off the farm and gain total power without suspicion. Napoleon maintains his power by continually warping the views of the other animals and keeping his vicious dogs for protection and enforcement.
What is the leader's goal? Is it successful?
Napoleon's aim seems to be that of essentially becoming a human. Wanting total control of the farm, making the animals do all of his work, and adopting all human characteristics all point to his goal of transforming the pigs into humans. Napoleon basically achieves this goal because he lives in the Jones' house, makes all the other animals do his work, and interacts with humans like he is one of them.
How does the follower weaken equality/give up freedom?
Boxer is the strongest worker on the farm, setting an example as a hard worker and firm supporter of authority. Because he does not have the capacity to think for himself and tends to be obedient, Boxer leads himself and others to give up freedom and equality.
Does the follower realize the loss of freedom/equality?
Boxer is not aware of the loss of freedom and equality because he just obeys orders and makes the vow to work harder. With nothing but the task at hand on his mind, Boxer doesn't even realize the true price that he is paying.
Does the follower influence the other animals?
Boxer definitely influences the other animals because he is such a role model on the farm and because he is so adamant about the unchangeable right of authority. Any laws that come from above are solidly supported by Boxer and spread to the other animals.
Is the follower's behavior the same as other animals? Which behavior threatens freedom/equality?
The behavior of Boxer is similar to that of the other animals because he doesn't question authority and continues to work. The only differences are that he is more involved in spreading Napoleon's rule and works harder than anyone else. This behavior is of a more intense degree, causing the loss of freedom and equality to happen with less opposition and force.
"The mystery of where the milk went to was soon cleared up. It was mixed every day into the pigs' mash... The animals had assumed as a matter of course that these would be shared out equally; one day, however, order went forth that all the windfalls were to be collected and brought to the harness-room for the use of the pigs (page 35)."
"The needs of the windmill must override everything else, he said. He was therefore making arrangements to sell a stack of hay and part of the current year's wheat crop, and later on, if more money were needed, it would have to be made up by the sale of eggs... The hens, Napoleon said, should welcome this sacrifice as their own special contribution towards the building of the windmill (page 63)."
"In the old days, there had often been scenes of bloodshed equally terrible, but it seemed to all of them that it was far worse now that it was happening among themselves, Since Jones had left the farm, until today, no animal had killed another animal. Not even a rat had been killed (page 85)."
"Once again all rations were reduced, except those of the pigs and the dogs. A too rigid equality in rations, Squealer explained, would have been contrary to the principles of Animalism (page 112)."
"Boxer professed not to be sorry for what had happened. If he made a good recovery, he might expect to live another three years, and he looked forward to the peaceful days that he would spend in the corner of the big pasture (page 121)."
"In his speeches, Squealer would talk with the tears rolling down his cheeks of Napoleon's wisdom, the goodness of his heart, and the deep love he bore to all animals everywhere, even and especially the unhappy animals who still lived in ignorance and slavery on other farms (page 93)."
"This was of the highest importance for the welfare of the farm, Squealer said. But still, neither pigs nor dogs produced any food by their own labour; and there were very many of them, and their appetites were always good (page 130)."
"The pigs now revealed that during the past three months they had taught themselves to read and write from an old spelling book which had belonged to Mr. Jones's children and which had been thrown on the rubbish heap (page 23)."
"At this there was a terrible baying sound outside, and nine enormous dogs wearing brass-studded collars came bounding into the barn. They dashed straight for Snowball, who only sprang from his place just in time to escape their snapping jaws. In a moment he was out the door and they were after him (page 53)."
"It happened that Jessie and Bluebell had both whelped soon after the hay harvest, giving birth between them to nine sturdy puppies. As soon as they were weaned, Napoleon took them away from their mothers, saying that he would make himself responsible for their education (page 35)."
"It was about this time that the pigs suddenly moved into the farmhouse and took up their residence there... It was absolutely necessary, he [Squealer] said, that the pigs, who were the brains of the farm, should have a quiet place to work in. It was also more sorted to the dignity of the Leader to live in a house than a mere sty (page 66)."
"And finally there was a tremendous baying of dogs and a shrill crowing from the black cockerel, and out came Napoleon himself, majestically upright, casting haughty glances from side to side, and with his dogs gambolling round him (page 133)."
"There were days when the entire work of the farm seemed to rest on his mighty shoulders... His answer to every problem, every setback, was, 'I will work harder!'- which he had adopted as his personal motto (page 29)."
"Some progress was made in the dry frosty weather that followed, but it was cruel work, and the animals could not feel so hopeful about it as they had felt before. They were always cold, and usually hungry as well. Only Boxer and Clover never lost heart (page 74)."
"Clover warned him sometimes to be careful not to overstrain himself, but Boxer would never listen to her. His two slogans, 'I will work harder' and 'Napoleon is always right,' seemed to him a sufficient answer to all problems (page 61)."
"'[Napoleon],' Squealer, speaking very slowly and firmly, 'has stated categorically... that Snowball was Jones's agent from the very beginning'... 'Ah, that is different!' said Boxer. 'If Comrade Napoleon says it, it must be right' (page 82)."
"If he made a good recovery, he might expect to live another three years, and he looked forward to the peaceful days that he would spend in the corner of the big pasture (page 121)."
"Once again this argument was unanswerable... Boxer, who had now had time to think things over, voiced the general feeling by saying: 'If Comrade Napoleon says it, it must be right.' And from then on he adopted the maxim, 'Napoleon is always right,' in addition to his private motto of 'I will work harder' (page 56)."
"'Alfred Simmonds, Horse Slaughterer and Glue Boiler, Willingdon. Dealer in Hides and Bone-Meal. Kennels Supplied. Do you understand what that means? They are taking Boxer to the knacker's!' (page 122)."
"Boxer's split hoof was a long time in healing... Boxer refused to take even a day off work, and made it a point of honour not let it be seen that he was in pain (page 111)."
"After his hoof had healed up, Boxer worked harder than ever... Sometimes the long hours and insufficient food were hard to bear, but Boxer never faltered. In nothing that he said or did was there any sign that his strength was not what it had been (page 118)."
"Their most faithful disciples were the two cart-horses, Boxer and Clover. These two had great difficulty in thinking anything out for themselves, but having once accepted the pigs as their teachers, they absorbed everything they were told, and passed it on to the other animals by simple arguments (page 18)."
"Napoleon was a large, rather fierce-looking Berkshire boar, the only Berkshire on the farm, not much of a talker, but with a reputation for getting his own way (page 16)."
"Boxer was an enormous beast, nearly eighteen hands high, and as strong as two ordinary horses put together. A white stripe down his nose gave him a somewhat stupid appearance, and in fact he was not of first-rate intelligence, but he was universally respected for his steadiness of character and tremendous powers of work (page 5)."
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