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ADDRESSING THE NEEDS OF LANGUAGE MINORITIES IN MAINSTREAM CL
Transcript of ADDRESSING THE NEEDS OF LANGUAGE MINORITIES IN MAINSTREAM CL
WHAT IS EXPLICIT INSTRUCTION?
EXPLICIT INSTRUCTION STRESSES ESSENTIAL LANGUAGE FORMS AND ADDRESSES THE STUDENTS KNOWLEDEGE OF HIS OR HER LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT LEVEL IN SUBJECTS SUCH AS, LISTENING, SPEAKING, READING AND WRITING. IT FOLLOWS THE USE OF LANGUAGE IN CONTEXT AND REPEATED, EXPLICIT EXAMPLES OF THE USE OF LANGUAGE.
EXPLICIT INSTRUCTION SAMPLE ACTIVITIES
TEACH PRE-REQUSITE LANGUAGE APPLICATIONS: READING, DIRECTIONS, IDIOMS, SENTENCE STARTERS....
TEACH SPECIFIC READING COMPREHENSION SKILLS
MEANING BASED CONTEXT AND UNIVERSAL THEMES
THIS INTRODUCES NEW CONCEPTS BY WAY OF FAMILIAR RESOURCES ALREADY KNOWN TO THE STUDENT.
IT USES TYPES RELATED CONCEPTS TO STUDENTS IN ORDER TO CEMENT THE APPROPRIATE CONTEXT FOR THE USE OF THEIR NEW LANGAUGE.
CONNECTS ONGOING LANGUAGE PRACTICE TO BOTH SCHOOL BASED AND REAL LIFE SCENARIO USES.
COMPARES AND ANALYZES LANGUAGE USE AND MEANINGS TO OTHER THEIR OWN CULTURE.
EXPLICIT INSTRUCTS IMPORTANT GRADE LEVEL SPECIFIC CONCEPTS SUCH AS UNDERSTANDING AND READING SKILLS. IT CONNECTS UNDERLINING IDEAS AND THEN EXAMINES THOSE IDEAS CULMINATING IN THE APPLICATION OF THESE IDEAS. IT STRESSES ACADEMIC LANGUAGE AND READING SKILLS NEEDED IN ORDER TO COMPLETE TASKS.
AGUSTIN HALAC, CASEY SHAMET AND JOYCE HAMILTON
Work Cited: "Strategies for Teaching ESL Students in Your Classroom."
YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.
10 Tips for Teaching English-Language Learners. (2012). Retrieved April 01, 2016, from http://www.edutopia.org/blog/teaching-english-language-learners-ayanna-cooper
Supporting ELLs in the Mainstream Classroom: Language Tips. (n.d.). Retrieved April 01, 2016, from http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/supporting-ells-mainstream-classroom-language-tips
Andrade, H. G. (1999, April 20). Student Self-Assessment: At the Intersection of Metacognition and Authentic Assessment. Retrieved April 1, 2016, from http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED431030
Higgins, K. (2015, September 22). Engaging new users: Guided interaction. Retrieved April 1, 2016, from http://www.kryshiggins.com/guided-interaction/
ACTIVITIES AND ASSESMENTS
IDENTIFY AND ANALYZE DIFFERENT POINT OF VIEWS AND CULTURAL PERSEPECTIVES.
HAVE STUDENT WRITE SHORT, TIMED RESPONSES OR RECORD STUDENTS REACTION TO VISUAL AND AUDIO STIMULI.
MODELING, GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS AND VISUALS
DEMONSTRATE HOW PROPERLY TO COMPLETE TASKS BASED ON CULTURAL NORMS.
PROVIDE GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS IN ORDER TO HELP STUDENTS RECOGNIZE AND UNDERSTAND LANGUAGE.
USE WORD BANKS, WORD WALLS IN ODRER TO ASSIST IN THE GROWTH OF VOCABULARY.
DELIEVER LANGUAGE TO STUDENTS GRAMMATICALLY CORRECT IN BOTH VOCAL AND WRITTEN FORMS.
READ-ALOUDS BY BOTH STUDENTS AND TEACHERS
USE OF DOUBLE-ENTRY JOURNALS
Work Cited: "Strategies for Teaching ESL Students in Your Classroom." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.
Vocabulary and Language Development
It is important for the teacher to develop
the child's language and vocabulary by use
visual help aids and supplemental materials.
Word Meanings and Pronunciation
The teacher uses visual aids to help distinguish word meaning and pronunciation. This is done through use of synonyms, phrases, grammar rules and writing structures.
Use of language assessments can help the teacher get a better understanding of where the student has difficulties in learning english. This can help the teacher plan his/her lesson or modify it to fit the needs of the student.
The teacher can use real life visuals to help the student better understand meanings in words. This includes:
-Books, Photographs, Journal keeping, pamplets, videos, and audio.
Helping students with Polysemous Words
Polysemous words can pose a difficulty for English language learners because there are so many words that have multiple meanings.
Bark - Window - Tough - Sharp
This is why most people say English is the most difficult language to learn.
Helping students with
What the teacher can do to help:
multiple sessions of vocabulary review, followed by assessments can help build a foundation for the student's knowledge on multiple meaning words.
WHAT IS GUIDED INTERACTION?
Guided interaction involves creating opportunities for peer-to-peer interactions while the progress in their use of the taught language.
It also allows the use of the primary language in order to clarify the meaning and significance of words used in the new langauge.
LANGUAGE FOR GUIDED INTERACTION
Encourage peer-to-peer and student-teacher conversations in roder to increase familiarity with language comprehension.
Use graphic organizers in order to review the correct uses of language.
GUIDED INTERACTIONS ACTIVITIES
Partner Interviews are excellent ways for students to use the langauge skills learned in a controlled manner.
Group presentations force students to work together as a team in order to convey the same idea efficiently to other students.
WHAT IS METACOGNITION AND AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENT?
Metacognition and Authentic Assessment emphasizes strongly on students having the ability to assess their own work used in school and the choice of words they have during speech with others.
Metacogniion is important to measure for the new language because it helps them begin to think in the new language.
METACOGNITION AND AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENT ACTIVITIES
Activities that help students think about the work they present and how they speak to others is by having them complete K-W-L's, and Directed Reading Thinking Activities which can be used to measure the students level of understanding.