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Canada's Growing Independence Timeline

A timeline explaining and describing the significance of the events that contributed to Canada's growing independence.
by

Aisha Awad

on 22 November 2012

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Transcript of Canada's Growing Independence Timeline

THE TIMELINE TREE Canada's Growing Independence The Halibut Treaty King-Byng Crisis (1926) King – Byng Crisis (1923) Halibut Treaty The Chanak Crisis During 1922, Britain had decided to fight against Turkey for the Chanak port because they were being threatened by the Turks, although it was rightfully Britain's port when it was signed at the Paris Peace Conference after the war. As always, Britain wanted Canada's government to send troops to help defend her port of Chanak against Turkish forces because if the Turks controlled Chanak, they would control an important access by waterway to Europe. The Canadian Prime Minister, McKenzie King, did not answer the British government right away, and he stated that it would take the Canadian Parliament to decide whether Canada would send troops or not. Moreover, Britain assumed that Canada would automatically answer her call and defend their mother country. Despite all this, Canada refused because they felt that this problem did not impact Canadians in any way since wasn't their issue to begin with, and after the First World War, Canadians felt reluctant to get involved in issues between Britain and other countries. The Chanak Crisis paved the pathway to Canada's growing independence as a nation, and by furthering themselves from Britain, what once used to be Britain's loyal dominion rose as a country and became self reliant on their own nation instead of the British Empire. After the Chanak Crisis, during the following year, Canada signed a fishing treaty with the U.S. regarding the Halibut fishery in the east coast of B.C and Alaska. This treaty was signed to protect Halibut, so that no other country except U.S and Canada were allowed to use it. This was the first treaty signed by Canada not in the presence of a British official, as it was insisted by Mackenzie King. Although Britain had tried to pressure King into letting their British representatives sign the treaty, he refused and threatened to set up an independent Canadian representative in Washington because this was an issue between Canada and the U.S, not Britain. This led to Britain backing down, and the signing of this treaty displayed Canada's independence from Britain because they had signed and negotiated it independently without the British. Moreover, the Halibut Treaty also showed Canada's increasing ties with the US since now, they were beginning to get involved in political matters with the U.S. The Halibut Treaty was the first treaty that was negotiated and signed independently by the Canadian government. In 1926, three years after the signing of the Halibut Treaty, Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King was angered at Britain's influence on Canadian politics, so he challenged the British over the role of governor general publicly, and this became known as the King-Byng Crisis. After King-Byng had refused to dissolve parliament and call election, Mackenzie King became furious at his refusal and set forth the election. As the election began, King continuously tried to appeal to national feelings by avoiding scandal. King, still infuriated over Byng's defiance, claimed that it was improper that an appointed British official was ignoring the wishes of a Prime Minister democratically elected by Canadians. Canada's increasing independence was further shown during this crisis because after the election, no governor general has ever acted out against the wishes of an elected prime minister since then. [1922] CHANAK CRISIS A map displaying the Chanak Turkish port which was controlled by Britain. Passed in 1931 by the British government, the Statute of Westminster finalized the recommendations and recognized the details of the Balfour Report which officially granted autonomy to the British Dominions, one of them being Canada. After the dominions became autonomous, the British Empire was changed to the British Commonwealth, which consisted of former colonies of the British Empire. Canada, along with the other dominions were now equal to Britain, and were now able to make their own foreign policy and laws. This statute also showed Canadian's growing independence from Britain because it gave recognition that Canada could control its own foreign affairs, so Britain would not be able to get involved in Canadian affairs without their consent except in the case of the BNA Act which remained because Britain could not agree on how to legally change the Canadian Constitution. All in all, as a result of the Statue of Westminster, Canada was now fully an independent nation from Britain, along with the rest of the dominions that were formally autonomous to the British Empire. (1931) Statute of Westminster (1926) The Imperial Conference and The Balfour Report Mackenzie King had brought the issue of the threat from Turkey to Parliament. 1922 1923 1926 1931 1926 The Imperial Conference and the Balfour Report were the two main causes that greatly pushed Canada's dependence from Britain as its own autonomy. It was at this conference that the Balfour Report was published as requested by the dominions of the British Empire, so that they could freely govern their country's as they chose. This report acknowledged that the dominions were autonomous from the British Empire, and furthermore, at the Imperial conference, it was made known that Canada was in no way inferior to Great Britain, and they gained more recognition as an independent country, not just as a loyal puppet of the United Kingdom. 5 FACTORS An article documenting information on the Halibut Treaty. Mackenzie King END OF TIMELINE OF CANADIAN INDEPENDENCE.
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