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Mantis Shrimp

Biology 9H Classification Project
by

Vanessa Gonzalez

on 7 July 2015

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Transcript of Mantis Shrimp

Odontodactylus scyllarus
Peacock Mantis Shrimp
Kingdom
- Animalia
Phylum
- Arthropoda
Class
- Malacostraca
Order
- Stomatopoda
Family
- Gonodactylidae
Genus
-
Odontodactylus
Species
-
Odontodactylus
scyllarus
P
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Peacock Mantis Shrimp
Odontodactylus scyllarus
Physical Characteristics
Peacock Mantis shrimps are very brightly colored, with a base body color of olive or green, orange antennae, red raptorial appendages (used for prey), and red setae on their uropods. Males are more brightly colored than females and both of them have bulging eyes that are blue in color. These creatures are between 3-18 cm in length have long & narrow bodies. Along with a pair of maxillopods, they also have three pairs of legs for holding prey, three pairs of walking legs, and five pairs of swimmerets
Food Habits
Peacock mantis shrimp are carnivorous and they eat organisms such as gastropods, crustaceans, and bivalves. In the wild, they are known to eat scallops, but crabs are their preferred prey. Peacock mantis shrimp are known as "smashers", using their raptorial appendages to crush and kill their prey
Peacock mantis shrimp do not have many known predators but they have been found in the stomachs of yellowfin tuna. To avoid predators, they hide in their burrows for protection & use "stomatopod rumbles" (vibrations) to warn potential attackers.
Habitat
Peacock mantis shrimps can be found at ocean depths of 3-40 meters, but they are usually found at depths of 10-30 m
Prefer water temperatures around 22-28°C.
These creatures are most commonly found in U-shaped burrows, built near the bases of coral reefs on shallow & sandy areas
They live in tropical regions - saltwater/marine

Peacock Mantis Shrimp
TAXA
FUN FACTS
Reproduction
Mantis shrimp mate & hatch their eggs in their burrows
Eggs are held together by an adhesive produced by the female
Males release sperm & the female holds it briefly and releases it along with the eggs
Females do not eat during reproduction
Works Cited
PICTURES
www.colours.com
www.chicagonow.com
www.scubadiving.com
www.csmonitor.com
archive.wired.com
www.reefcentral.com
imgur.com
www.navytimes.com
hearseethink.tumblr.com
WEBSITES
animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu
eol.org
aqua.org
Behavior
Peacock mantis shrimp are recognized as combative & destructive attackers that hunt during the day and at night
They are also known to be territorial and to fight for their dominance, they use their telsons (tails), the most armored part of their bodies
Elastic forces are the reason for their powerful strikes - the farther they pull back their appendages, the stronger & harder the hit
Lineage can go back to 500 million years
There are 400 species of mantis shrimp worldwide
Peacock Mantis Shrimp can be found in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, south of Japan, north of Australia, and between eastern Africa and Guam
These powerful, interesting creatures can strike at 50 mph in milliseconds
A single strike is faster than a blink of a human eye
They can punch 50,000 times without harming themselves
The speed of their punches are equal to a .22 caliber bullet
When in captivity, mantis shrimp can break a tank's glass in a aquarium
These creatures have the most complex eyes than any other animal. They can see 10 times more color than humans and can process ultraviolet & polarized light. They use their incredible eyesight for detecting predators and prey
Lifespan- range 4-6 years
Full transcript