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The Maze Runner

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Megan R

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of The Maze Runner

The Maze Runner
Simile
A simile is a figure of speech used to compare one thing to another that is different using like or as. Similes are used to make a description more vivid to the reader.
Example:
The dog was black as night.
Thomas
Thomas, the main character in
The Maze Runner,
wakes up in a dark space. He as no idea where he is. He knows nothing. Not even how old he is, where he lived, and who his parents are. All he knows is his name.
Metaphor
A metaphor is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase enforced to an object or action that is not literally relevant.
Example:
The light was a bright star.
Dashner, James. The Maze Runner. 1st ed. New York: Delacorte, 2009. 376. Print.
Maze Runner Movie Stills. 2014. By Alice Marvels.
Personal photograph by author. 2014. By Megan Reynolds.
Personal photograph by author. 2014. By Megan Reynolds.
Dashner, James. "Chapter 40 Page 263." The Maze Runner. 1st ed. New York: Delacorte, 2009. 376. Print.
Dashner, James. "Chapter 14 Page 95." The Maze Runner. 1st ed. New York: Delacorte, 2009. 376. Print.
Dashner, James. "Chapter 2 Page 11-12." The Maze Runner. 1st ed. New York: Delacorte, 2009. 376.Print.
When an author writes a simile, they are trying to the reader certain what they are trying to say. In the example, "He looked as alien as anything Thomas could imagine." James Dashner is explaining what one of the Gladers looked like. The other boys in the Glade are banishing Ben for trying to kill Thomas.
A metaphor is used in a similar way as a simile. A simile is giving the reader understanding of what the author is trying to get across. A metaphor, however, is when the author wants the reader to understand the similarities of two things by comparing them in a way that would not be normal.
Symbolism
Symbolism is the use of an emblem to represent ideas and elements by giving the images meaning that are different than their actual meaning.
Example:
Black represents evil or the dark
In the book, James Dashner explains how Ben looked.
"Thomas couldn't believe he was still looking upon a human being-the madness
in Ben's eyes, the phlegm flying from his mouth, the pale skin stretched taut across his veins and bones." Now we can imagine what Ben looked like when he was being banished.
Figurative language refers to words, and groups of words, exaggerate or alter the usual meanings of component words.
"Google." Google Definition. Web. 29 Oct. 2014
Examples of Figurative Language:
Simile
Metaphor
Personification
Hyperbole
Symbolism
Oxymoron
As the author of this simile, I am trying to explain that the dog's fur is black. It is so black, that the dog could blend in with the darkness of night.
In the metaphor "The Maze is a Code", James Dashner explains the Maze. He wrote "'Tom, I was thinking about what you told me,' Teresa said. 'That the Maze is a code. Being holed up in here does wonders for making the brain do what it was made for.' "What do you think it means?' Thomas asked. He tried to block out the shouts and chatter rumbling through the Glade as others found out about the Map Room being burned.
'Well, the walls move everyday, right?'
'Yeah.' He could tell she was really on to something.
'And Minho said they think there's a pattern, right?'
'Right.'"
By looking at their maps they had made over the two years they had been in the Maze, they had figured out that the Maze created letters. Overnight, the Maze moves, so each day they got new letters.
"Google." Google Definition. Web. 29 Oct. 2014
The words they got out of the Maze are:
FLOAT
CATCH
BLEED
DEATH
STIFF
PUSH
James Dashner is explaining how Thomas heard the doors close behind him. He was breaking the Glade's Number One Rule: Don't go into the Maze unless you're a Runner. Thomas, of course, was not a Runner. Minho had gone into the Maze earlier that day with Alby to show Alby a dead Griever. The Griever, however, was not dead. It woke up, stung Alby, and ran off. The doors were about to close for the night, when Thomas saw them coming. He had gone into the Maze to help Minho carry Alby to safety. Just as Thomas stepped into the Maze, the doors shut for the night.
Dashner, James. "Chapter 16 Page 112." The Maze Runner. 1st ed. New York: Delacorte, 2009. 376. Print.
Dashner, James. "Chapter 14 Page 95." The Maze Runner. 1st ed. New York: Delacorte, 2009. 376. Print.
Maze Runner Jacket Art. 2014. By Philip Straub.
Bright Light. 2014.
Dashner, James. "Chapter 44 Page 283." The Maze Runner. 1st ed. New York: Delacorte, 2009. 376. Print.
James Dashner is writing a conversation that Thomas and Teresa have at one point in the book.
"Thomas tripped and crashed to the ground. Smiling sheepishly at Minho, who'd turned to look without slowing. Thomas got back up and caught up to him. 'What?' he finally asked. He sensed a laugh from her, a watery image full of color." Here, Thomas is distantly sensing Teresa laughing. The image in his head is watery because of how far he is for, Teresa. It is also full of color because laughter is full of happiness so, it is colorful.
As the author of this simile, I am trying to describe someone's hair. The hair of the person is so red it looks like a fire.
"Her face is a hidden gem." Her face is a beauty not yet discovered. She hides her face with her hair and tries to be not noticed. If she put her hair up and let her face be seen, it would be a beauty to all.
In this symbol, black is a dark color. Dark colors normally represent evil or unhappiness.
Black represents both evil and the dark.
Grievers are these creepy creatures that live in the Maze. They only come out in the Maze during the night. Occasionally, the Griever come out during the daytime. The Runners who are in the Maze have to be careful and watch out for the creatures. The reason the Glade's Number One Rule is never go out in the Maze unless you're a Runner, is because the Grievers sting you. If you get stung, you have to get back to the Glade immediately. You have to get a serum that cures you. If you don't get the serum, you die. So, Grievers are feared in the Glade.
Cats. 2014. By David J. Crotty.
"Cats symbolize mysteriousness." It means that cats are a mystery that no one can solve. I mean, you let them outside and they seem like they disappear. Where do they go? It is a mystery. They are so secretive.
The Maze is huge and frustrating. It moves everyday, so the paths are different each day. After two years of running through the Maze everyday, some begin to lose hope of finding a way out. Towards the end of the book, Minho begins to lose hope of finding a way out of the Maze so they can go back home. Thomas insists that Minho does not give up and that they will some how find a way out.
Personification
"The attribution of a personal nature or chracteristics to something nonhuman."
"Google." Google Definition. Web. 30 Oct. 2014
"The act of attributing human qualities to an object, animal or abstraction."
"Personification." Dictionary. Web. 30 Oct. 2014.
In this example of personification, I explain how the words trapped me in them.
What I mean by this is that the book was so interesting, I could not stop reading it.
Personification is used to describe an animal, object, or abstraction by comparing it with an action of a human. It an be used as a method of describing something so others can understand.
Newt had barely finished his sentence, when a sudden, piercing scream ripped through the air.
In this example, James Dashner is writing how Newt and Thomas heard the scream. He said that the scream ripped through the air. He meant that the scream was so loud that everyone in the Glade heard it. People usually rip paper, and screams can't rip anything. So, this is a perfect example of personification.
The bus screeched to a stop.
In this example of personification, the bus screeched to a stop. What I mean by that is the bus topped so fast, that the breaks made a high pitched noise. People screech when they are scared or excited. Buses cannot screeched so, it is an example of personification.
Dashner, James. "Chapter 13. Page 88." The Maze Runner. 1st ed. New York: Delacorte, 2009. 376. Print.
In this example of personification it says that guilt consumed Thomas. Guilt or any feelings cannot consume anything. People consume food. If guilt consumed Thomas, he would not be alive. What James Dashner really meant is that Thomas felt so guilty, that it made him feel bad.
Oxymoron
"A figure of speech in which contradictory terms appear in conjunction."
"Google." Google Dedinition. Web. 30 Oct. 2014
An oxymoron is used when authors want to emphasize certain qualities or ideas.
The two words, "silence" and "deafening" are opposites. "The silence is deafening" means that the room was so silent, that it overwhelmed the people.
"Wicked" and "good" are opposites. "Wicked is good" means that the people who are wicked think they are good, when they really aren't. In the book, WICKED is a group that put everyone that's in the Glade, in the Glade. WICKED stands for World In Catastrophe: Killzone Experiment Department. They people in WICKED wanted to see if a bunch of boys, ages 12-20, could survive in the Maze.
Hyperbole
Hyperbole is an exaggerated statement or claim that is not meant to be taken literally.
"Google." Google Definition. Web. 30 Oct. 2014
Hyperboles are used to exaggerate statements to make them more understandable or confusing. Sometimes they are made to be funny.
It was so hot that you could have fried an egg on the sidewalk.
This hyperbole means that during the summer, the temperatures rise so much that everything you touched id hot. It is so hot that you could fried an egg on the sidewalks.
In the book, Thomas is hanging in the Maze from vines. He had just gotten Alby up the wall as well. A Griever found them hanging there and is trying to get to them. Thomas is trying to anticipate what the Griever will do next. The anticipation was not literally killing him. He did not die.
Nuance
A nuance is a noticeable difference in a meaning, expression or sound.
The snow fell to the ground.
The snow swirled to the ground.
The word fell makes me feel like the snow just flopped onto the ground. It just got there ungracefully.
The word swirled makes me feel like the snow took its time to get to the ground. The snow went gracefully to the ground.
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