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NEW Science Review 2014
Transcript of NEW Science Review 2014
and a bird in a forest ecosystem?
A. Birds are the predators of caterpillars.
B. Caterpillars are the predators of birds.
C. Birds are the producers that the caterpillars eat.
D. Caterpillars are the producers that the birds eat.
Number a sheet of paper to
. For each problem, read carefully and write the answer choice you believe to be correct. You may skip one if you don't know it and come back to it later. There is an answer key at the end.
Take your time.
High air pressure is most often related to which type of weather?
A. mild with clear skies
B. humid and windy
C. warm with cloudy skies
D. humid with overcast skies
Which statement best describes the cellular makeup of a deer?
A. Deer are made of one cell that carries out one life process.
B. Deer are made of one cell that carries out all different life processes.
C. Deer are made of many cells that are specialized to carry out different life processes.
What is the main function of the nervous system?
A. to clean waste from the cells
B. to absorb nutrients for energy
C. to deliver messages to the brain
Which organisms are best adapted to survive in a lake ecosystem?
A. catfish and turtles
B. birds and raccoons
C. catfish and squirrels
Which statement best compares a tropical rain forest and a deciduous forest?
A. Tropical rain forests are found near the equator, and deciduous forests are found near polar regions.
B. Tropical rain forests are found near the polar regions, and deciduous forests are found near the equator.
C. Tropical rain forests are found near temperate regions, and deciduous forests are found near the equator.
D. Tropical rain forests are found near the equator, and deciduous forests are found near temperate regions.
How are consumers and decomposers related?
A. Decomposers provide soil for consumers.
B. Consumers provide nutrients for decomposers.
C. Decomposers provide food for carnivorous consumers.
D. Consumers change the sun’s energy so it is useful for decomposers.
Why is it important to know the different types of clouds?
A. Clouds can indicate the time of day that it is.
B. Clouds can indicate the type of weather that will occur.
C. Clouds can indicate the temperature of different layers of the atmosphere.
Ospreys are birds that eat fish. Where would an osprey most likely live?
A. near a forest
B. near a marsh
C. near a desert
D. near a prairie
Which group of organisms make up the largest part of a food chain?
In plants, what is responsible for passing traits from one generation to the next?
Which best demonstrates an inherited characteristic?
A. Sarah being good at baseball, just like her father
B. Mary having brown hair, just like her mother
C. Pat being a good math student, just like his father
D. Emily enjoying talking on the phone, just like her sister
Two identical balls are pushed with the same force. One ball is pushed along a flat surface and the other ball is pushed down a slanted surface.
Which ball will travel faster and why?
A. the ball on the slanted surface, because of decreased friction
B. the ball on the slanted surface, because of increased gravity
C. the ball on the flat surface, because of decreased gravity
D. the ball on the flat surface, because of increased friction
How does the mass of an object affect acceleration?
A. The greater the mass of an object, the greater the force needed to accelerate the object.
B. The greater the mass of an object, the smaller the force needed to accelerate the object.
C. The smaller the mass of an object, the greater the force needed to decelerate the object.
Water evaporates mostly from
Why are cooking pots typically made of copper?
A. Copper easily conducts heat.
B. Copper is an insulator of heat.
C. Copper is the most attractive metal.
D. Copper is the least expensive metal.
Why does a human require specialized cells to live?
A. Specialized cells allow humans to adapt to changes in their environment.
B. Human bodies have systems that require cells with different functions.
C. Specialized cells allow for all life processes to occur in one cell.
D. Human bodies are simple and require few cells.
Which two systems work together to help a person stand erect?
A. skeletal and muscular
B. skeletal and digestive
C. skeletal and respiratory
D. skeletal and cardiovascular
Decaying plants and animals are important to an ecosystem because they
A. cause disease in living organisms.
B. reduce soil erosion.
C. recycle oxygen to the air.
D. return nutrients to the soil.
Which is the most important role (niche) of plants in a food web?
A. They provide shelter and shade for animals.
B. They decompose other plants to make energy for animals.
C. They get energy from the sun and pass that energy on to other organisms.
Which is an example of an organism protecting itself from a predator?
A. a spider spinning a web to trap insects
B. a bear hibernating throughout the winter season
C. a lizard changing colors to blend into its surroundings
D. an ant colony creating more tunnels deeper in the earth
Temperatures are different all over Earth’s surface. Which is the
explanation for these temperature differences?
A. Temperature differences are due to heavy cloud cover above Earth’s surface.
B. Temperature differences are due to population increases around the world.
C. Temperature differences are due to global warming caused by pollution.
D. Temperature differences are due to unequal heating of Earth’s surface.
Alan’s brown dog is expecting puppies. Which best explains why there is a strong chance that the puppies will be brown?
A. The mother dog is brown.
B. Alan wants the puppies to be brown.
C. All puppies are brown when they are born.
D. The mother dog wants the puppies to be brown.
Which best describes the purpose of the muscular system?
A. The muscular system carries messages from the brain to the bones to move the body.
B. The muscular system keeps the bones strong and protects them from being broken.
C. The muscular system produces energy the body needs to be able to move.
D. The muscular system allows movement of bones
and helps maintain posture.
A woman hiked 5 miles in one hour. By the end of the next hour, she had hiked a total of 8 miles. Which best describes the motion of the woman
during the second hour?
A. She was walking at a slower speed than in the first hour.
B. She was walking at a faster speed than in the first hour.
C. Her speed remained the same as in the first hour.
D. Her motion stopped completely in the second hour.
Which describes the roles of an owl and a mouse in an ecosystem?
A. The owl is the predator and the mouse is the prey. The owl consumes the mouse for energy.
B. The owl is the predator and the mouse is the prey. The mouse consumes the owl for energy.
C. The owl is the prey and the mouse is the predator. The owl consumes the mouse for energy.
D. The owl is the prey and the mouse is the predator. The mouse consumes the owl for energy.
Artwork by Briana W
Artwork by Connor H
Force and Motion
Take a short break and enjoy some science-related artwork created by some of your peers
Before you check your answers with the answer key, make sure you are ready and that
you have answered all of the questions. Arrow backwards if you need to revisit any earlier questions.
How did you do?
Halfway there. Take a break and look at some pictures drawn by some of your peers.
Artwork by Gracie
Artwork by Gracie
Artwork by Preston
Artwork by Briana
The artwork break has now ended.
Please continue with the second half of the questions.
On the card, write the question numbers of each question you missed.
Then, go back and look at those questions and answer choices again. Think about WHY the right answer is the best answer. If you don't really understand, ask.
Only a few more days of school left....