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Transcript of c
Bolsheviks take over
Nationalism Contributions to World War 1
The cause of world war one was because of the desire of the Slavic to no longer be part of Austria Hungary but instead be part of Serbia. In this way, nationalism led directly to the War
some effects of the disagreement between the Slavic people, is Russia and Germany being added into the war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia.
European military's, and existing tensions
Tensions between european nations
Through this increase in militaristic power, tensions increased between the countries. As armies builds up, it would only be a matter of time before someone decides to use them for something. That theri was no trust which its a reason that World War One which started after the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. This fear is what created an increasing sense of panic in the countries.
Between 1890 and 1913, the European powers at the time began building up in military power. This included the countries like Britain, France, Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary. The reason for the military buildup was mostly nationalism which each country wanted to be "better" than the others.
Trench warfare was caused by an advance in defensive weaponry. The machine gun was too heavy to be used as a mobile weapon, and therefore was placed into a fixed position. Barbed and concertina wire was also heavily used. Soldiers had a major difficulties navigating the man-made obstacles such as barbed wire and other physical barriers, if they cleared these barriers, they still had to face extreme pressure from (relatively) highly advanced machine guns, artillery, chemical weapons, and opposition infantry and sharpshooters.
When soldiers left to go to war they expected lush battlefields and great fights, instead they got dirty, unhygienic trenches with battles playing out for months to years on end in an uneasy stale-mate. Trench warfare was horrific and the ongoing effects as a result were extensive. many men have had psychological issues after attending war in the trenches. many after effects affected how later wars were later won.
Government Take Over
Czarist Russia was being torn apart in 1914 and was not prepared to fight a modern war. The industrial factories were small, people were poor, the rich communities could barely feed themselves. Repeated military failures and bureaucratic inability to soon turn large areas of the population against the government. By the middle of 1915 the impact of the war was demoralizing. Food and fuel supplies grew scarce, war casualties kept climbing and inflation was mounting
government relaxed the control on their economies. straight after WWI was the Great Depression so Russia was in a recession.
Russia failed. plus a
The First World War placed an unbearable strain on Russia's weak government and economy, resulting in mass shortages and hunger.
In the meantime, the mismanagement and failures of the war turned the people - and importantly the soldiers - against the csar, whose decision to take personal command of the army seemed to make him personally responsible for the defeats.
The end of autocratic rule Establishment of a socialist/communist government Withdrawal of Russia from WWI Industrial growth and organization of economy on five-year plans Complete transformation of Russian society, government, economy. Formation of Soviet Union.
Emergence of Russia as world power. Spread of communism throughout world. Criticism of imperialism, which lent hand to nationalist movements in colonized countries .Tremendous focus on education in Soviet Union had enormous impact on population. Division of world into communist and capitalist camps--Cold War
The Bolshevik Revolution was a political rebellion and an element of the Russian Revolution of 1917. It took place with an armed rebellion on November 1917 and it was started by millions of people who would modify the record of the world.
the 1917 Revolution was over the Bolsheviks controlled Russia. but that was only a small part of Russia. The officials in the Provisional Government in Moscow sought cover in the Kremlin. It took several days of heavy shelling to get them to surrender. Throughout Russia, the Provisional Government fell and the Bolsheviks took control. Some areas put up a good fight. It was strongest in Central Russia and in the big cities in general where the were lots of workers.
Germany vs. the Allies
they were in full retreat on the Western Front. There was muninty on the Home Front. The German government feared a Communist revolution in Germany. The Germans were running out of food.
there were constant threats of a Communist takeover, however, this threat didn't have any true power until after the war during the Weimar Republic.
Germany had always depended on the importation of foodstuffs to keep their citizens feed. Now that they were at war with Great Britain, the British were able to cut off all shipping in and out of Germany. Germany only truly gave up the war because their nation was not ready at the beginning of 1914 to fight a five year war.
In the first proposed armistice Armistice the terms were very severe towards Germany. First of all Litovsk and Bucharest treaties had to be canceled, the Germans had to send home prisoners of war and give Allies war materials. They had to leave the countries they had been invading as well as leave some of Germany itself. Yet because of the recent revolution in Germany the war materials they had to hand over to was be lessened.
The Treaty of Versailles
WW1 was the cause. The Treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement signed between Germany and the Allies after WW1.
The Treaty was a direct cause of WW2 because Germany was dissatisfied with the harsh penalties imposed upon the country by the treaty.
Mostly, if it isn't all, Germans detested the fact that their government signed the Treaty at all. 6,600 billion was going to be payed as reparations, to the Triple Entente. France, Britain and other countries were given colonies of Germany, land was constantly being taken from them. The Rhineland was about to be demilitarized by Germany. and these are just a few of the terms of the Treaty. The reparations, alone, was depressing the country. The money in Germany had become almost useless and people were poor with the taxes.
France wanted Germany to pay, but Britain was worried by how harsh the terms of the Treaty was..
The depression of the Treaty, combined with that of when the World Market had crashed, caused the country to be vulnerable. It's people were desperate for change
The rules of the treaty were as followed:
6,600,000,000 in reparations
No air force
Only 6 battleships
one hundred thousand soldiers
Alsace-Lorraine had to be given back to France
Give up it's Empire
No German soldiers allowed to be in the Rhineland
by Angeline Belanger