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The Tropical Rainforest

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by

Paige Peterson

on 5 April 2011

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Transcript of The Tropical Rainforest

The Amazon Rainforest In Brasilia you will be studying the tropical rainforest, this rainforest in particular is called...

There is some data that has been collected for you already, take a look... Getting there: You will fly to Brasilia by plane
Getting around: Public transportation
Supplies/ clothes needed: Light but somewhat water resistant clothes,
umbrella, water resistant over coat, and a waterproof camera would be a good idea. You will arrive in February because flooding occurs often in the months of June-October, the best months to visit would be from November-May. Other than the flooding, it is the same temperature year round. Weather: The weather is
hot, wet, and humid. The plants of the Amazon
Rainforest include: The animals of the Amazon Rainforest include: Golden Lion Tamerin
Green-Eyed Tree Frog
Kinkajou
Toco Toucan
Harpy Eagle You will be traveling to Brasilia, Brazil. Bromeliades
Heliconia
Kapok Tree
Orchids
Water Lily Bromeliads Heliconia Kapok Tree Orchids Water Lily Bromeliads come in over 2,700 different species. Many of them live in the Amazon Rainforest. They are almost everywhere, the reason being: They don't need roots. They can absorb water from the air, sometimes water pools on their leaves and creates mini ecosystems. Small frogs and insects are attracted to the water on it's leaves. These stunningly beautiful flower petals are shaped like lobster claws, because of this, few birds and insects can reach the nectar held inside. There are some birds and insects specially designed to do the job, somebody has to pollenate the Heliconia. Not just the Amazon's largest tree, but an important one. The tree is a home for many creatures and plants. A food web could be found in the branches of the Kapok Tree. Bromeliades are in the branches of these magnificent trees. Bromeliades produce the nectar to feed many insects. Frogs, Monkeys, and other animals thrive on the insects, as well as the Bromeliades. Therefore, many creatures will depend on one Kapok Tree. Orchids are very popular, not just because their name sounds cool, but because they are truely beautiful. They aren't just pretty to the eyes, but fragrant to the nose. Orchids have a very strong, sweet smell about them. This smell is enough to attract many insects to their yummy nectar. They like the smell so much they pollinate the flowers. They are mostly pollinated by moths, and the moths are active at night, when the flowers give off a much stronger smell. Water Lilies are huge, not just the dinky little things that frogs hop on with a cute pink flower on top. They are the largest flower in the world, and of course being something exotic, they would have to be found in the Amazon Rainforest. Despite their looks, they are fragile and very delicate. Because of this they can only be found in the calmest places of the Amazon River. Unusual landforms in the ecosystem: The Amazon River. The Amazon River is over four thousand miles long and can flood up to 12 miles away from its channel. Type of climate and how the climate affects the plant and animal life:

The Rainforest's climate is hot and rainy. Plants in the rainforest need the heat. Here, the temperature is about 77 degrees F the entire time, and never drops below 64 degrees F, so the plants can survive. A large climate change, burst of cold weather, or draught, would be life threatening to both plants and animals. The rain causes a lush, green forest, providing for a lot of creatures. List three ways or examples that plants
and animals interact with each other: 1. Insects are attracted to the Orchids sweet nectar, while eating the nectar they get pollen stuck on their feet or the hair on their bodies, then the next orchid they eat nectar from, they will help pollenate the flowers.

2.Monkeys, birds, mammals and many other creatures use the canopys, hollows of trees, and the brush that has fallen from the trees to make their homes.

3. Fruits and leaves are popular food choices for many of the forests herbivores and omnivores. The Toco Toucan and Golden Lion Tamarin eat several insects and a lot of soft fruits. List Two Symbiotic Relationships: 1. Mutalism- When monkeys eat the nectar from flowers, it gets pollen stuck on its fur. Later, when it eats from a differnet flower, it will pollenate the flowers. 2. Parasitism- A fly will lay it's eggs on a Leaf Cutter Ant. When the larve hatches, it borrows into the ant and eats it, killing the ant. List 2 Predator-Prey Relationships:

1. The Harpy Eagle eats sloths, monkeys, coatis, and other small animals.

2. Jaguars eat snakes. rodents, capybara, agouti, caimans, foxes, rats, badgers, monkeys, birds, fish, llamas, and goats. Describe a food web that might be found in the ecosystem. The Banana Tree, Orchids, Seeds, Bamboo, and Coconut Trees are the producers. The Orchids are eaten by the Macaws and Chimpanzees. The Seeds are eaten by the Macaws, Chimpanzees, and Parrots. The Banana Trees are eaten by the Macaws, Fruit Bats, Chimpanzees, Parrots, Monkeys, and Insects. The Bamboo is eaten by the Chipmanzees and Monkeys. The Coconut Trees are eaten by the Fruit Bats, Parrots, Monkeys, and Insects. The Macaws are eaten by the Pythons and Jaguars. Fruit Bats are eaten by the Python. Chimpanzees are eaten by the Jaguar. Parrots are eaten by the Jaguar and Python.
Monkeys are eaten by the Jaguar. Insects are eaten by the Chimpanzees, Parrots, Vampire Bat, Iguana, and the Red-Eyed Tree Frog. The Red-Eyed Tree Frog is eaten by the Jaguar.The decomposers are the Bracket Fungi, Jelly-Like Fungi, Grilled Fungi, Slime Mold, and Coral Fungi. List 2 Limiting Factors to the ecosystem:

1. Sunlight is a limiting factor to the plants.

2. Space is another limiting factor. Since people have moved in near by, the forest has to stop and can't continue to grow. List 3 ways humans impact the ecosystem:

1. Some people are hunting the endangered species of the Amazon Rainforest.

2. Many people are helping these species.

3. To build houses, people have cleared away parts of the forest. List one endangered species: Golden Lion Tamarin

What two main factors are contributing to the endangerment of the species: They are the second most endangered species in the world because poachers can sell the Golden Lion Tamarin's coat for $20,000 on the black market. Another reason why this cute little creature is endangered is because of habitat loss.

What is being done to help the species survive: Thankfully, the Golden Lion Tamerin is being helped out by organized groups wanting to help endangered species. They have set up captive breeding programs to bring up the population numbers for the species. Of course you wouldn't just research, you would want to vacation, so here are the tourist hot spots... Common Brasilia Foods:

1. Pork and Beef
2. Soybeans, Rice, and Corn
3. Fish from nearby streams Places To See:

1. Brasilia National Gems Museum
2. The Brasilia National Park
3. The Brasilia TV Tower Native Clothing: Most people in Brazil wear stylish
and sophisticated clothes. Women wear beaded jeans, halter tops, and dresses. Men commonly wear what anybody else would wear, a nice shirt and slacks. During the Summer they wear loose, comfortable clothes. Native Music: Many types of music can be heard in Brazil. The first music was created by indigenous people, but now it is considered to be folk music. Hope you have a great time in Brasilia! I'm sure you will love it, I did just studying it! Here is the cool beetle commercial. I really want a bug when as my first car, and it's pretty neat because it uses my biome!
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