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Relationship between the Pope and the King

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Megan Tvrdik

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of Relationship between the Pope and the King


The Kings saw the Popes as a religious figure who ruled the church and ran the clergy. The Kings thought that they should have some control over the clergy in their own kingdoms.
Conflict between the Popes and Kings
Kings and Popes constantly fought over who should have power within the Church and Empire and who should be able to crown Bishops.
The Popes viewpoint
The Popes saw themselves as
supreme rulers
who the King should look up to. They also thought that they should crown, and even in extreme cases, fire the kings.
Gregory VII
Gregory was a highly devout man that set out to spiritually reform the church. He believed that as God's representative on Earth, that he had supreme power not only over the church, but also over all temporal rulers and their subjects. He used the terrible punishment of excommunication in his conflicts with emperors, kings and nobles.
Excommunication
was an official edict that bars a person from church membership and from taking part in any church ceremonies.
Conflict between Gregory VII and Henry IV
The struggle between Gregory VII and Henry IV concerned the issue of
lay investiture
, which is the appointment of bishops, abbots, and other church officials by feudal lords and vassals. Henry insisted that he had the right to appoint bishops within the Holy Roman Empire; however, Gregory disagreed and excommunicated the emperor. Henry decided to appeal to the pope for mercy. Henry agreed to several conditions of the pope's forgiveness and Gregory revoked his excommunication.
Conflict between the Popes and Kings of the Middle Ages in Europe
The Kings viewpoint
Lay Investiture
The wealth of the church created a problem, especially after the church leaders became feudal lords and vassals. Church leaders firmly believed that only a church member could grant spiritual authority to another member of the church.
Lay investiture
is the appointment of bishops, abbots, and other church officials by feudal lords and vassals.
The reign of Henry V
The struggle of lay investiture continued during the reign of Henry's son. In 1122 at the German City of Worms, an assembly of church leaders, nobles and representatives of the Holy Roman Empire reached an agreement known as the
Concordant of Worms
. The emperor, Henry V, agreed to grant only lands and secular powers to church officials. The church officials would elect bishops and grant them their spiritual powers.
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