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Sarapiqui

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on 2 February 2016

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Transcript of Sarapiqui

Sarapiquí, Heredia,
Costa Rica

La Selva
Biological Station
La Selva is a tropical wet rainforest that lies in the Caribbean lowlands of Sarapiqui, Costa Rica. It covers about 3,900 acres and is bordered by two rivers: the Sarapiqui river and the Puerto Viejo river. La Selva was declared a biological reserve and station in 1968 and since then has been important in yearly scientific studies. About 73% of La Selva is made up of primary rainforest.
The History of Sarapiqui
Animals of Sarapiqui

Sarapiqui is located in the province of Heredia. Sarapiqui takes up 85% of the land in Heredia (Delfina Travel Group). Sarapiqui, known for its rich biodiversity, lies on the north east side of the country. On the border of Nicaragua, Sarapiqui is also only 90 minutes away from Costa Rica's capitol, San Jose. Sarapiqui is the nature and adventure lovers dream!
Ecotourism

Where is Sarapiqui?

Poison Dart Frogs
Aposematic creatures that have distinct markings and colors that contrast with the natural background to warn off predators. With over 100 species, these frogs live throughout Central and Southern America.
Ecotourism is known as the "responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment, sustains the well-being of the local people, and involves interpretation and education"(The International Ecotourism Society, 2014). Ecotourism is Costa Rica's highest form of revenue but in Sarapiqui it doesn't rank as high(Sarapiqui Interview, 2016) because of lack of inferstructure, technological advantages and common tourist attractions.
While visiting Sarapiqui, you can be a good ecotoursit! The squares below will show you how.
About Sarapiqui. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2016, from http://www.hotelaraambigua.com/sarapiqui.html
"Sarapiqui Interview." Personal interview. 9 Jan. 2016. Trejos-Camacho, Jimmy

Smithsonian Institution. (n.d.). Poison Dart Frogs. Retrieved January 31, 2016, from https://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/Amazonia/Facts/fact-poisondartfrog.cfm

T. (2014). What is Ecotourism? Retrieved January 31, 2016, from https://www.ecotourism.org/what-is-ecotourism


Sloths
Works Cited
Three-Toed Sloths, Three-Toed Sloth Pictures, Three-Toed Sloth Facts - National Geographic. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2016, from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/three-toed-sloth/
Collard Peccaries
Collared peccaries have good hearing, long snouts, and three toes on each foot. To defend territories, peccary rub their rump oil glands against rocks, tree trunks and stumps
Support Local Business
Iguanas

Collared Peccary - Javelina. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2016, from http://www.desertusa.com/animals/collared-peccary-javelina.html
Providing financial benefits and empowering the locals is part of ecotoursim. By shopping locally, taking part in local activities and staying at local lodges. Most gift shops sell items made by the locals such as wood work. Local activities in Sarapiqui include guided hikes, white water rafting, cooking classes and zip lining.The lodges employ all locals; this meaning that many locals benefit from tourists staying at the lodges.
Economy

Being amoung the largest lizards in Americas, iguanas can reach up to 6.5 feet long and weigh up to 11 pounds. These reptiles are herbivores, active during the day, and feed on fruits, leaves and flowers
http://www.rainforest-alliance.org/multimedia/trackitback
Green Iguanas, Green Iguana Pictures, Green Iguana Facts - National Geographic. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2016, from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/reptiles/green-iguana/
Eyelash Viper
The eyelash palm pit viper is named for the bristly scales above its eyes, looking similar to eyelashes. This viper usually attacks its prey quickly, injects hemotoxic venom, and then waits for the prey to die, then swallows it whole.
Largest economic powerhouse of area is agriculture. Banana, pineapples, sugarcane and cattle are the largest cash crops.
Eyelash Viper Fact Sheet - National Zoo| FONZ. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2016, from http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/ReptilesAmphibians/Facts/FactSheets/Eyelashpalmpitviper.cfm
Being the world's slowest animal, the sloth grows algae on it's fur that helps it camouflage with it's environment. These herbivores spend a mjaority of their lives in the trees, barely coming down to land, and are surprisingly good swimmers.
Great Green Mawcaw
Minimize Impact
Family groups of 5 - 6 birds occupy small home ranges, which are usually found in the hollows of mountain almond trees. Great green mawcaws feed on the large almond nuts that grow and move throughout the forest in search of more.
Education
Student attendence depends on population of area, some schools having as low as three students

Curriculum still includes mathematics, languages, science, and history - teachers decide on what they believe is important
December 30, 1862-Heredia is establshed, Sarapiqui was established as the 7th district of the county of Santa Barbra

October 18, 1915-Sarapiqui becomes the 6th distric of the counthy of Heredia with the ranking of neighborhood.

November 18, 1970- Sarapiqui became the 10th county of the Heredia province. This is when the population started to grow

1996-Chamber of Tourism founded in Sarapiqui
Field trips to surrounding environmental stations
While traveling to these natrual destinations, it is important to not harm the environment. The Tirimbina Lodge in Sarapiqui had air conditioners which used a lot of energy. The lodge does have helpful reminders for way to save electrivity. We also need to be cautious of the toxins we put into the environment. All the items used and sold at Tirmbina Lodge don't harm the environment.
School and lunches are free for all students, payed for by the government
CLIMATE
SPECIES DIVERSITY
THREATS
Tropical wet rainforests are located near the equator and experience very little annual temperature variation. La Selva experiences an average of 4m of rainfall each year. The continuation of rainfall during the dry season allows for increased plant grow and species diversity.
Because of La Selva's consistent climate, it houses over 500,000 insect and animal species and over 5,000 vascular species of plants. Many of avian species found in Costa Rica, and more specifically La Selva, are migratory birds.
One potential threat to rainforests like La Selva is fragmentation due to industrialization. Fragmentation destroys biological corridors between different ecosystems. Biological corridors are necessary for gene flow between species populations.
Organization for Tropical Studies. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2016, from http://www.tropicalstudies.org/index.php?option=com_content
Latin Destination Specialists Custom FIT Travel Tours To Central & South America. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2016, from http://www.ecoadventures.com/CABrochure/costaricawelcome.php
Picture from http://www.tirimbina.org/gallery.html
Images taken at Tirimbina Biological Reserve.
The maps above shows the average tempetatrures and rain fall for Costa Rica.
Technology
http://www.worldweatheronline.com/sarapiqui-weather-averages/heredia/cr.aspx
http://www.worldweatheronline.com/sarapiqui-weather-averages/heredia/cr.aspx
http://www.rainforest-alliance.org/multimedia/trackitback

Delfina Travel Group. (n.d.). Sarapiquí, Costa Rica - City Guide. Retrieved January 31, 2016, from http://www.govisitcostarica.com/region/city.asp?cID=367

Click on the link below to see all the work that goes into harvesting all the produce for the consumer!

Internet-This internet service in Costa Rica was strictly controlled by the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad monopoly and this group neglected to give internet service to the Hereda reigon. With the passing of the Central American Free Trade Agreement on May 28, 2004 this monopoly was desmembered. Now internet service is avaliable in Sarapiqui allowing local lodges and adventure groups to create webpages and be searchable for incoming tourists. This should help promote ecotourism in the Sarapiqui reigon.
Advancments in technology in the area allow for greater educational oppertuinities.
An expanding area of their local economy is the tourism industry. With everything from white wate rafting, canopy tours and bungee jumping, Sarapiqui has a lot to offer to the tourists.
With the increasing availability of internet service to the area, it is allowing children to gain exposure to new technologies. This is very important to make this region a hot spot for new employment opportunity. Currently HP Corp. is hiring in the Heredia area and with large global powerhouses interested in these local communities, there is a bright future for Sarapiqui. If the youth have access to the tools of tomorrow’s global commerce, success of this community will grow exponentially.
Societal Issues
The impacts that hinder this counties growth is the drug and human sex trafficking.
There are not many well paying with minimal hard labor employment opportunities for ticos in Sarapiqui so many resort to drug and human trading.
Human Trafficking and Drugs
Government
Issues
The Italian Mafia was recently discovered utilizing Sarapiqui as a drugtrade hub for the exportation of cocaine. One shipment of 3.5 metric tons of cocaine was seized by local police. Just the one shipment seized equated to around 77 million dollars of untaxed product.
In Sarapiqui most of the land is owned by the government, the rich and plantation farmers. Those in the lower class don't have a chance of land ownership. Most of lower class that own land haven't registered it with the government and aren't paying taxes on it. The large amounts of money from illegal trades are not being taxed either. This means less money is going toward the government to improve the city of Sarapiqui.
Costa Rica takes down more suspects in cocaine trafficking network run by Italian mafia -. (2015). Retrieved February 01, 2016, from http://www.ticotimes.net/2015/10/14/costa-rica-takes-down-more-suspects-in-cocaine-trafficking-network-run-by-italian-mafia
Jimmy Camacho stated that there is a problem with human trafficking in the Sarapiqui region and this coincides with data about the entire country. This is highly due to the fact that as of 2013 the Costa Rican government did not comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. Greater measurements are in place now to alleviate these social issues but it is an issue still very prevalent in the Sarapiqui region.
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