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Transcript of Armenian Genocide
1915-1923 DECLINING OTTOMAN
EMPIRE BACKGROUND The Turks were in power, and the majority of the population and the the ruling class practiced Islam. The Armenians within the empire were generally Christian, setting themselves as the minority. The Armenians were not granted safety
or security, political involvement,
and had to may a non-muslim tax (jizya); they were not given equal treatment by the government. PRIMARY DOCUMENT GOVERNMENT OF GENOCIDE Religion Effects In a declining empire, economic pressures and political instabilities tightened the tensions between the Armenian Christians (and other minorities), and the Muslim Turks. Armenians wanted police protection and administrative changes, and their uprisings concerned the government, giving them the title the "Armenian Question", a question the government did not wish to resolve. UN Involvement UN Genocide Convention was established in 1948
- 30 years after the Armenian genocide happened
- UN was unable to recognize and get involved
Description of Genocide by the UN: "acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group."
- The Armenian Genocide is considered a genocide
- Today, many international governments acknowledge what happened as a genocide CAUSES Sultan Abdul Hamid II killed thousands of Armenians in the early 1890's
to scare them and crush their expectations
for change. Sultan Abdul Hamid II CUP (Committee of Union and Progress)
takes over the empire in 1913, and is a
triumvirate ruled by Enver, Talaat, and
Jemal. These leaders had an ultra-nationalistic
view of an exclusively Turkish state. During WWI, CUP joined the Triple Alliance
to have imperial connections with Germany,
further declaring war on Russia, Great Britain,
A genocide to eradicate the
Armenians from the state and neighboring countries was conducted
by the CUP at this time under the cover of war. Their ultimate goal was to create a
single, large, Turkish empire. Starting in 1915, Armenians
were sent out to the Syrian
Desert on "Death Marches"
which were disguised by the
government as a "resettlement"
program. They then worked in concentration
camps providing manual labor with little to
no food. Conducting it this way,
there was little to no destruction
of property and shielded by the
occasion of world war. The Armenian Genocide was recognized as one
of the first modern genocides where the killings centered around just the Armenians. There were multiple ways that the Armenians were killed such as Mass burnings, drowning, use of poison, and toxic gas The Genocide was planned by the Turkish government against the whole Armenian population in the Ottoman empire The young Turks wanted a creation of a new empire which stretched from Anatolia to Central Asia where the population would be completely Turkic. -Half of the population died by 1918 (One million left)
- A little before the deaths started to take in place, Young Turks started to take over - There wasn't that much of a culture diversity anymore
- The Turks wanted to culturally clean the region because of the belief of Nationalism -The intellectuals of the Armenians were murdered because of the region not being able to gain independence
-Turkey had diplomatic problems - After the mass killings, this helped start the Holocaust
-Hitler saw this as a remembrance to get rid of the Jews -Christianity was the main religion
-The Armenian King was Christian
-Very influential on their culture -Respected the Christian Church
-Young Turks were Christian and part Islam, but during the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the remains of the empire wanted to continue with Islam - Later on they started to support the ideologies of Islam
-Constantinople was a meeting place to go to discuss ideas -Young Turks didn't really care about the religion
-They saw religion as a non harmful aspect Military - Young Turks appointed military forces
to carry out the Armenian Genocide
- Special Organization:
* Ottoman military made up of convicts
and troops that slaughtered the Armenians
* Led by Behaeddin Shakir