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Social Loafing

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by

Samantha Hanson

on 1 May 2014

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Transcript of Social Loafing

Ask yourself
Have you ever been in class and your teacher asks you to pick a group for a group project?

Then later while working with your group you realize a member is putting in less effort than they normally would when working individually?

This is Social Loafing!!!
Social Loafing
3 Factors that affect Social Loafing
Size of the project
Size of the group
Peer evaluations
Blindfolded participants were asked to pull on a rope. They were told they were doing it by themselves or with three other people.

Results: When participants were told they were doing it with others they exerted 82% of the force they exerted when they were told they were pulling by themselves.
Less Social Loafing
Social Loafing in Sports
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEJaz3sinEs#t=191
He did not want to block the black players because he figured that his teammates would block them during practices. He showed social loafing because he did not put as much effort into the team as if he were playing directly by himself or with an only white team.
Definition
Social loafing is the phenomenon of people deliberately exerting less effort to achieve a goal when they work in a group than when they work alone
Ingham Experiment
Task is challenging and involving
Individuals are identifiable
Members are friends
Groups are cohesive
Among groups of women
Latante Experiments
Experiment 1: Participants were each placed in separate rooms with headphones. Some were told that they were shouting by themselves while the others were told that they were shouting with a group. The sound was then measured by a machine.

Results: The individual’s average performance decreased with an increase in group size
Latante Experiments
Experiment 2: Participants were placed in a half-circle and were told to, individually or in an instructed group number, shout as loud as possible. This was done while the noise level was measured by a machine.

Results: The same trend as Experiment 1. The amount of effort put in by the individual was greater than that of each individual that was in a group.
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