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Hitler and Nazi Germany
Transcript of Hitler and Nazi Germany
Hitler and His Views
Rise of Nazism
Victory of Nazism
President Hindenburg had most of the German power.
More and more people looked to Hitler for leadership.
1933 - Hitler was appointed chancellor and was given permission to create a new government.
The Nazi State, 1933-1939
Hitler wanted a totalitarian state (government run by a dictator).
He wanted total power and an Aryan racial state to dominate Europe and possibly the world for generations.
The State and Terror
Hitler used the SS ("Guard Squadrons") as a force to maintain order.
Heinrich Himmler was in charge of the SS which was set up as Hitler's personal body guard.
Near the end of his life, why did Hitler start washing his socks twice a day?
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889.
He dropped out of high school.
1919 - Hitler joined the extremist German Workers' Party.
1921 - Hitler had total control of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, or Nazi for short. It quickly grew.
Racism was at the core of his beliefs.
He understood how propaganda could be very effective.
1923 - Hitler stages an uprising against the government in Munich.
The uprising failed and he was put in prison.
While in prison, Hitler wrote about his ideas in Mein Kampf (My Struggle).
While in prison, Hitler realized that the Nazis would have use legal means to gain power.
After prison, Hitler expanded the party to all of Germany and it became the biggest party.
Economy difficulties were a factor in the Nazis rise to power.
Hitler promised to create a new Germany for the people.
People looked up to him as their deliverer from unbearable distress
The Enabling Act gave the government power to ignore the constitution for four years.
The Nazis now had total power over Germany.
Jews were kicked out of civil service.
Concentration Camps were set up for those who opposed.
All political parties were abolished except for the Nazis.
1934 - Hindenberg dies and Hitler abolishes the office of president.
Nazis believed that there were two previous empires and Hitler's goal was to become the Third Reich (the third empire of Germany).
Hitler pursued a totalitarian state through economic policies, mass attention, organizations, and terror!
The Nazis had policies against woman and Jews.
SS Principles: Terror and Ideology
Terror - secret police, criminal police, and concentration camps.
Himmler's goal was to further the Aryan master race.
Hitler used projects and grants on private construction firms.
Because it helped employment, it made more Germans accept Hitler.
Spectacles and Organizations:
Huge meetings with a lot of appeal, people felt like a big role.
Nuremberg party rallies were held every September.
The totalitarian state controlled churches, schools, and organizations.
Their role was to have children of the Aryan race.
Meant to be wives a mothers (men were to be warriors and leaders).
Nazis campaigned against women workers.
Hitler turned his racial ideas into policies such as the Nuremberg Laws.
Nuremberg laws excluded Jews from citizenship and German marriage.
November 9, 1938 - violent anti-Jewish activity - the Kristallnacht was a destructive rampage against Jews that destroyed synagogues and Jewish businesses. 30,000 Jewish males were sent to concentration camps.
Jews were stripped of their rights. They could not use transportation or work. They were forced to clean up from the Kristallnacht and encouraged to leave Germany.