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Fateh Makkah: The Great Victory
Transcript of Fateh Makkah: The Great Victory
Uthman, Chief of Bani Shaybah, the clan of Quraysh that held the key to the Kabah became Muslim and willingly gave the Prophet (PBUH) the key
The Prohpet (PBUH) returned the key, and said it would stay among his and his offspring. The Bani Shaybah clan in Mekkah still hold the Key.
Prophet's (PBUH) Love for Peace
Muslim Army Moves into Makkah
The Prophet Enters Makkah
Karim and Faris' Reflection
Rasoolullah Speaks to the People in Makkah
Prophet (PBUH) addressed the people of Makkah in the mosque
Attributed Victory to Allah saying "He alone defeated the tribes"
He then addressed the people of Quraysh and recited aya 13 of Surat-ul-Hujurat
Spoke to the Quraysh in a lecturing, enlightening manner as opposed to disrespectful as most people would following victory in battle
When learning this content, we were in awe at how Islam started. Islam is the religion of peace (root word means 'peace'). Our beginnings wonderfully point to this definition. For example, Prophet Muhammad pardoned the enemy, Quraysh, even after they persecuted him and harmed him prior to the era of Islam. Hilm, or tolerance, is important and we were positively affected by all the information in "The Great Victory". As Muslims, we should naturally read about these key events and learn to better our faith. Also, we realized that Islam is influential and powerful to the point that the most hostile of the enemy would submit themselves to Allah.
Stretch Your Mind
The Prophet Pardons Quraysh
After his address the Prophet said to the Quraysh "No blame on you today. Go away, you are free."
Quraysh had abused the Prophet; stoned, expelled, and even tried to kill him. Yet the Prophet (PBUH) hated no one.
The Prophet designated 10 guilty of heinous crimes, all but four were forgiven.
Fateh Makkah: The Great Victory
Allah and his messenger truly wanted to avoid bloodshed in Makkah.
They wanted Quraysh to be open-minded with the true faith, Islam.
They were seeking a bloodless victory.
Al-Abbas: an ally, a mediator.
Tuesday, Ramadan 20th of the 8th year after hijra: entry into Makkah (ordered by the Prophet) without fighting
Abu Sufyan conveyed to the people of Makkah the message of the Prophet:
whoever stayed at home, at the mosque, or at Abu Sufyan's house would be safe.
The rally on Quraysh's side was futile.
The "excuse" for killing
: The Prophet discovered that Sa'd Ibn 'Ubada said the following: "Today is the Day of Malhamah, or slaughtering. Today Makkah will be ransacked." The Prophet did not entertain this; he removed the standard (flag) from him and gave it to his son (Qays).
Rasoolullah marched on till he reached Thee-Tuwa, where Makkah lay before him. He stopped and thanked Allah for allowing him and his companions to enter in peace.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) divided his army into four divisions:
Az-Zubair Ibn Al 'Awwam
was the leader of the left wing and was
ordered to enter Makkah from the north.
was in charge of the right wing and was
ordered to enter Makkah from its south side.
Sa'd Ibn 'Ubada
ordered to enter from the west.
The Prophet and Abu-Ubaydah Ibn-ul-Jarrah
(head of the Muhajireen) were to enter from the heights of Jabal Hind (northwestern side of Makkah).
Strict orders: no fighting and no blood (unless unavoidable)
"If you have to fight, do what is right and fight only those who fight you," the Prophet instructed
HOWEVER: The army was ordered to fight Safwan Ibn Umayyah and other dangerous people.
It was a bloodless entry into Makkah for all the armies, except that of Khalid Ibn-ul-Waleed. The most stubborn people of the enemy resided in the south side,
They shot at the Muslims with arrows.
Khalid, a headstrong military man, overpowered them.
Who was listening?
1. Allah and his messenger were seeking a _____ ______
2. What were the three conditions (conveyed by Abu Sufyan; from the Prophet) that would ensure the safety of the people in Makkah?
3. Why did the Prophet remove Sa'd Ibn 'Ubada's standard?
1. ________ was ordered to enter from Makkah's south side.
2. What were Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) two orders (for his army)?
3. True or False (& explain your choice): All of the Muslim armies entered peacefully into Makkah.
Prophet's moment of reflection:
Sitting in his tent at the summit of Jabal Hind (close to the tombs of Abu-Talib and Khadijah), the Prophet recalled
vivid memories from his childhood, youth, and call to prophethood in the Cave of Hiraa'
His eyes were filled with tears of submission to Allah, the Truth.
He recalled the time he went home shaking and afraid, but his wife Khadijah believed in him and provided him with comfort at the time when he most needed it.
Man is nothing but a speck compared to Allah.
On the 20th day of Ramadan in the 8th year after Hijrah, the Prophet entered Makkah riding his she-camel Al-Qaswa'.
He made Tawaf around the Ka'bah with his
head bowed on the camel's back out of honor, respect, and admiration.
Using his bow, he pushed down all the idols and statues positioned around Al-Ka'bah. There were
The Prophet sent his Sahabah, including Khalid ibn-ul-Waleed, to purify Makkah by destroying all the idols:
Khalid was sent to destroy Al-Uzza, the main idol of the Mudar clan.
Amr-ibn-ul-Aas was sent to destroy Suwaa', the main idol of the Huthayl clan.
Sa'd Ibn Zaid was sent to destroy Manaat, another large idol on the outskirts of Makkah
The time had come for Makkah to enter an era of Islam. And as the Prophet helped purify Masjid-ul-Haram,
he recited ayah 81 of Surat-ul-Israa':
"Truth has come and falsehood has disappeared. Surely falsehood is bound to disappear." (17:81)
Another POP QUIZ!
1. What did the Prophet (PBUH) recall while sitting in his tent at the summit of Jabal Hind?
2. How did Prophet Muhammad make Tawaf? (describe his body position)
3. How many idols were positioned around Makkah before the era of Islam?
4. True or False: Khaild Ibn-ul-Waleed was sent to destroy Manaat, the large idol located on the outskirts of Makkah.
5. While purifying Masjid-ul-Haram, Prophet Muhammad recited an ayah from which surah in the Qur'an?
POP QUIZ FOR MRS. KHALIL
Mrs. Khalil, please recite ayah 81 from Surat-Ul-Israa' in English or Arabic.
Hint: "Truth has.......Surely falsehood........."
1. Why didn't the Prophet fight his way into Makkah and kill many of his enemies like other conquerors had done throughout history, in other parts of the world?
The Prophet didn't fight his way into Makkah because he wanted the people of Quraysh and all of Arabia to open their hearts and minds to the true faith of Islam. Fighting would give the wrong impression about Islam. Also, Makkah would have been ransacked without peace. Islam is the religion of peace, and the Prophet's decision exemplified this.
2. At the time of the signing of Sulh-Ul-Hudaybiyah there were only 1400 Muslims. Within the short period of two years, there were 10,000 Muslims during Fateh Makkah. How can you explain this drastic increase in the number of Muslims?
There are specific examples that explain this increase, but the overall reason was Prophet Muhammad's evenhanded justice towards both Muslims and non-Muslims. For example, he reprimanded his allies by making it clear to them that whoever sheds bloodshed in Makkah will be killed ("They may kill the killer") or tied up ("or tie him up"). Prophet Muhammad's piousness, alongside his justice, won him the hearts of many non-Muslims. People witnessed the religion of peace and Allah guided them to the straight path.
3. Why do you think the Prophet returned to Madinah and did not stay in Makkah, his birthplace, after Fateh Makkah?
We think the Prophet returned to Madinah because he wanted to keep his word and fulfill the pledge of 'Aqaba. To Al-Ansar (who lived in Madinah), he said, "I lived with you and I will die with you." Also, Prophet Muhammad might have felt indebted to Madinah for accepting him and his companions at the time when Quraysh loomed large.
Questions to answer
What is the name of the clan who keeps the key to he Ka'bah?
Who was their Chief at the time of Fateh Makkah?
How many years earlier had the same Chief not allowed the Prophet (PBUH) to pray inside the Ka'bah?
Who was listening?
What Surah and what aya number from this Surah did the Prophet recite during his address?
When the Prophet says "He alone defeated the tribes," what does he mean?
Where did the Prophet (PBUH) give his address?
The Prophet adressed Quraysh in a merciful, lecturing manner. What does this show about Allah's messneger?
Checking for listening
What did the Prophet say to Quraysh after his address?
Name some of the things Quraysh had done to the Prophet in the past. Despite these, he was still merciful.
How many were found guilty of heinous crimes?
How many were forgiven?
Who was listening?
The conquest of Makkah was a victory of _______ over ________.
What was the real force behind this conquest?
How is this significant to Islam on a broader scale?
What happens if we wander away from this basic principle?
The Victory of Allah
The conquest of Makkah was a victory of truth over falsehood.
The real force behind it all was the will of Allah.
The entire spirit of Islam is trying to discover this "Will of Allah"
Whoever wonders from this, will never find consolation in anything, least of all his own soul.
Bilal Calls the First Athan in Makkah
The Prophet ordered Bilal to call the athan from the roof of the Ka'bah
Quraysh were offended, to them Bilal was just a slave.
To Muslims however, he was the most fit of all to call the Athan from the roof of Al Ka'bah
This shows how Islam elevates people from social ranking, because we are all servants of Allah.
Bilal was a slave, but Islam restored his dignity, and developed him as the greatest Muathin in Islamic history.
On that day, Surat al Nasr was revealed
Who called the Athan from the roof of Al Ka'bah Al Musharrafah?
Why did this upset Al Quraysh?
Despite this, what did the Muslims view him as?
What did Islam do for him?
What Surah was revealed that day?
Bonus: Can anyone recite it?
Makkah Made Sacred Forever
Khuzaah killed a pagan within the confines of Makkah
The Prohpet then declared "It is not allowed for anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day to shed blood therein or to cut a tree.
The Prophet showed fairness and forgiveness to all the people, Quraysh included. This encouraged people to join Islam.
Prophet was evenly just to both Muslims and non-Muslims.
The Prophet forbade two things within the confines of Makkah, what were they?
What drove the Prophet to make such declarations?
What did this show, and what did the non-Muslims do as a result?
The Prophet called upon the people to give their Bay'ah
They promised never to associate other with Allah and worship him alone
Not to steal, commit adultery or kill their children
They wouldn't claim baby's to the wrong father
They would never disobey the Prophet when he commanded them to do good.
They would also never sale or trade with:
Pork, wine, or idols.
Name three things the Muslims pledged not to do.
They also pledged never to sell three things. Name all three.
What is the arabic name of this pledge.
Al Ansar's Fears + Back to Madinah
The Ansar feared the Pophet would want to stay in Makkah due to his merciful treatment of the Makkans and love for Al Ka'bah
19 days after arriving, the Prophet and many Muslims left back to Madinah
This pleased the Ansar, they preferred Madinah
Why did the Ansar fear the Prophet wouldn't return to Madinah with them?
Which city was preferred by Al-Ansar?
How long was it before the Prophet and many Muslims returned to Madinah?