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What is Diabetes?

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Letty Campa

on 21 July 2014

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Transcript of What is Diabetes?

- sugar

- a hormone made by the pancreas that helps get rid of excess glucose in the bloodstream

auto immune
- where the bodies antibodies attacks the immune system

- a hormone that raises the levels of sugar in the bloodstream
Diabetes Awareness and Prevention
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that is caused when the body does not use glucose (sugar) properly.
Common Symptoms:
Urinating often
Feeling very thirsty
Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating
Extreme fatigue
Blurry vision
Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
Weight loss - even though you are eating more (type 1)
Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
Gestational Diabetes has no symptoms
Type 1
Type 2
• A progressive disease in which insulin is not being produced or is no longer affective (insulin resistance) which leads to abnormal levels in glucose
• Obesity is the typical cause of insulin resistance in adults and children
• Genetics, birth weight, ethnicity, early childhood nutrition, and low physical activity are also other factors.

Health Risks
Heart disease
- higher risk for heart attack and stroke
Eye complications
- blindness and vison problems
Kidney disease
- diabetes damages kidneys, leads to kidney failure
Foot problems
- infections, problems with blood flow to feet
Skin complications
- infections, sores, and itching
Dental disease
- teeth and gum problems (gingivitis, periodontitis)
Nerve damage throughout body
North Americans females are affected more than males 4:1 to 6:1 ratio
African Americans 1.7:1
Mexican Americans 1:1
Prevention for Type 2 and Gestational
Maintain a healthy diet (b)
Exercise (b)
Maintain a high fiber diet (g)
Get screened
There is no way of preventing Type 1 Diabetes

Eisenhower Medical Center Diabetes Program
~offers education and support

or talk to your primary doctor
• A treatment plan is determined by monitoring the blood glucose levels
• Type 1: Insulin is injected underneath y ur skin to replace the insulin the body can’t produce.
• Insulin is also used for type 2 and gestational diabetes when other treatments failed to control blood glucose levels.
• Type 2: Consistent diet and exercise.
medications may be needed.

occurs during pregnancy, around24th week
women have high blood glucose (sugar) levels
hormones in placenta block action of insulin in the body (insulin resistance)
mother may need three times as much insulin
glucose can't be converted glucose to energy
glucose builds in the blood (hyperglycemia)
The Real Bears
baby's pancreas works overtime, baby gets more energy than it needs
leads to macrosomia ("fat" baby)
low blood glucose levels at birth are at risk for breathing problems
extra insulin in babies are at risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes

Gestational Diabetes Can Affect Baby
• Usually occurs spontaneously or because of unknown causes
• Defined as having No insulin production, requiring insulin treatment
• Typically occurs with children
• Autoimmune Diabetes is when the antibodies attack the Pancreas and the body is unable to produce insulin.

Lifetime risk of Diabetes is 30% for men and 35% for women in the U.S.
Full transcript