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Photographic Composition

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by

Lauren Hiller

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Photographic Composition

Understanding the principles of photography Photographic Composition The "Rule of Thirds" principle divides an image into a grid composed of two evenly spaced horizontal and vertical lines. Rule of Thirds The subject of the photograph should be placed along one of the lines or at one of the four intersections of those lines. *Many cameras have grids that can overlay to help you with this principle! The reason this principle is used in photography is to make pictures look more natural and pleasing to the eye rather than just centered subjects. It also encourages more creative use of space around the subject. Let's See an Example By applying the grid, you can see that the subject is centered in the frame By cropping and shifting the subject to the left of the frame, it makes the image more pleasing

--> reduces background "busy-ness", subject occupies more of the frame Negative Space Negative space is the area which surrounds the main subject in your photo.
Negative space defines and emphasizes the main subject of a photo, drawing your eye to it. It provides "breathing room", giving your eyes somewhere to rest and preventing your image from appearing too cluttered with "stuff". When used properly, negative space provides a natural balance against the positive space in a scene. Dynamic Symmetry was thought out long ago by the Egyptians and later taken up by the Greeks in their artwork. It's a name to describe the laws of natural-design based upon the symmetry growth in man and plants. It involves many mathematical portions where triangles and rectangles bring out the shapes we have come to know in nature. Dynamic Symmetry The point of interest would be where the lines intersect on the figure.

--> You draw a straight line diagonally across your image. Then the perpendicular line going to the corner gives the crossing point for your photographic target. This principle can be used to create unique points of view or lead your eye to the photograph's subject. Perspective http://www.flickr.com/groups/638679@N25/pool/page9/ Normal Eye Level: conveys realism



Below Eye Level: create a sense of
power/dominance, towering over
the subject



Above Eye Level: subject becomes diminished, loses
power/strength



Low Horizon Line: view seems open and spacious



High Horizon Line: creates illusion of depth



Leading: draws viewer to a particular place in the
photo Balance brings an equilibrium between the elements in a scene. Rhythm refers to the regular repeating of elements in the scene. There are also various types of each of these techniques used in photography. Balance & Rhythm Framing the main subject with other objects gives depth to an image. This framing means foreground items appear in front of your main subject. The foreground items frame or surround the subject in some interesting and contrasting way. Framing can be achieved with natural or man-made objects. Framing Emphasis & Illusions Types of Balance Types of Rhythm Symmetric





Asymmetric





Radial





Crystallographic Regular





Random





Alternating





Progressive





Jazzy There are many techniques used to show emphasis. The photographer can show emphasis through framing choice, the placement of the subject, using selective focus to simplify the background, or by drawing the viewers attention to a certain spot within the frame using perspective. Ask yourself the following questions: What is the subject? Where is the subject? Where should the viewer look? What is important?

Illusions can also be created with a variety of techniques. A popular way to create a photographic illusion is to take your photos from a strange perspective. A photographer could also create illusions in the editing process to make a "normal" photo look extraordinary by cropping, rotating or enhancing the photo.
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