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Transcript of Jean Piaget
By: Rita Dabah
Who was Jean Piaget?
-Jean Piaget was born in Neuchâtel Switzerland, in 1896 .
-He was always interested in learning about science from a young age.
What is an Epistemologist?
Many people called Piaget a psychologist but he was really an Epistemologist-It is someone who studies the nature and beginning of knowledge.
Piaget believed that children learn on their own by interacting with the environment. He believed that children need to do things on their own every chance they get. According to Piaget the best way for preschools to plan their curriculum is by keeping the children curious, make them wonder, and give them real problems to solve.
Passing through stages........
Piaget believes that all children pass through the same stages when developing thinking skills. He said it is important to remember that individual children have their own rates of development.
According to Piaget, children's cognitive development passes through the stages shown in the chart.
He had four stages
Sensorimotor stage - the fist stage
At this stage, kids learn through pretend play but they still struggle with logic and taking the point of view of other people. They also struggle with understanding the ideal of constancy. For example, a researcher might take a lump of clay, divide it into two equal pieces, and then give a child the option of choosing two pieces of clay to play with. One piece of clay is rolled into a compact ball while the other is smashed into a flat pancake-shape. Since the flat shape looks larger, the child will most likely choose that piece even though the two pieces are exactly the same size.
Preoperational- stage two
During this stage, infants get their knowledge through sensory experiences by touching different objects. Piaget was interested and got a lot of information on these stages from his children. At this point in development, a child's intelligence consists of their basic motor and sensory explorations of the world. Piaget believed that developing is known as object permanence or object constancy it is the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen, this is an important element at this point of development. By learning that objects are separate and distinct entities and that they have an existence of their own outside of individual perception, children can then be able to begin to attach names and words to objects.
6 Sub Stages