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Comparing & Contrasting

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Heiko M

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of Comparing & Contrasting

Differences between
Prokaryotic and Eurkaryotic Cells
Part 1: Similarities
Chromosomes (even though prokaryotic cells only have one and eukaryotic cells have more than one)
Ribosomes (smaller ones in prokaryotic cells; bigger ones in eukaryotic cells)
DNA
Ribosomes
Vacuoles
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Differences between
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
Part 2.2: Differeces
In General:
What Is a Eukaryotic Cell?
Eukaryotic Cells:
Part 1: Similarities of Animals & Plant Cells
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
DNA in Nucleus
Direct, Visual Comparison of Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells
Comparing & Contrasting
Prokaryotic & Eurkarotic Cells

In General:
What Is a Prokariotic Cell?
Prokaryotic cells were the 1st type of cells to be discovered
A prokariotic cell is a cell that does not have its DNA (genetic or hereditary material) in a nucleus.
They are small and very simple- unlike eurokaryotic cells- and lacking organization.
Prokaryotes are unicellular (=only one cell).
Bacteria are organisms who are made of a prokaryotic cells.
Example of the structure of a plant cell
Example for the complex structure of a plant cell containing:
Sources:
Text Sources:
Nowicki, Stephen. "Chapter 7.1." Holt McDougal Biology. [Austin, Texas]: Holt McDougal, 2010. N. pag. Print.
"Eukaryotic Cell vs Prokaryotic Cell." Difference and Comparison of Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells. Diffen.com, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
"Animal Cell vs Plant Cell." Difference and Comparison of Animal and Plant Cells. Diffen.com, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
Picture Sources:
The Anatomy of a Prokaryotic Cell. Digital image. Hyper Physics. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
Strucutre of a Plant Cell. Digital image. Yellow Tang. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
Structure of An Animal Cell. Digital image. Micro.Magnet.fsu.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
Example of the structure of a prokaryotic cell
Example for the simple structure
of a prokaryotic cell containing:
ribosomes
cytoplasm
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleotides
DNA in a loose form.
A eurkaryotic cell is a cell that does have its DNA (or genetic material) in a nucleus.
They are large and complex, containing a dozen of internal structures.
They can be either single or multicellular.
Eurkaryotic cells can be divided into two groups: Animal Cells and Plant Cells
Plants, animals, fungi and protists are made of eurkaryotic cells.
DNA in a nucleus
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Lysosomes
Ribosomes

Cytoskeleton
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Chloroplasts
Mitochondrion
Example of the structure of an animal cell
Example for the complex structure of an animal cell containing:
DNA in a nucleus
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell Membrane
Vacuoles
Lysosomes
Ribosomes
Cytoskeleton
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondrion
Centrioles
Differences between
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
Part 2: Differences
Prokaryotic Cells do not have a nucleus and do not have their DNA in it; Eukaryotic Cells do have a nucleus and have their DNA in it.
Prokaryotes = unicellular, Eukaryotes = multicellular
Prokaryotic Cells do not contain mitochondria, an endoplasmic reticulum, a Golgi Apparatus, lysosomes and sometimes even no cytoskeleton.
Eukaryotic Cells do have mitochondria, an endoplasmic reticulum, a Golgi Apparatus, lysosomes, cytoskeleton and a cell wall
Prokaryotic Cells are about the tenth of the size of Eukaryotic Cells
Eukaryotes = reproduction through meiosis
Prokaryotes = reproduction through undirectional transfer of DNA
Bacteria are made up of Prokaryotic Cells; Animals, Plants and fungi are made of Eukaryotic Cells
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Cytoskeleton
Microtubules/Microfilaments
Ribosomes
Mitochondria
Eukaryotic Cells:
Part 2: Differences between Animal and Plant Cells
Animal Cells have a cell membrane; Plant Cells have a cell membrane and a cell wall
Animal Cells are round; Plant Cells are rectangular
Animal Cells have many smaller vacuoles; Plant Cells have one big vacuole
Animal Cells have centrioles, cilia and lysosomes; Plant Cells don't
Plant Cells have chloroplasts; Animal Cells don't
Full transcript