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Transcript of Enlightenment
The 18th century Enlightenment was a movement of intellectuals who dared to know. They were greatly impressed with the accomplishments of the Scientific Revolution, and when they used the word REASON -one of their favorite words- they were advocating the application of the scientific method to the understanding of all life. All institutions and all systems of thought were subject to the rational, scientific way of thinking if only people would free themselves from the shackles of old, worthless traditions, especially religious ones. If Isaac Newton could discover the natural laws regulating the world of nature, they too, by using reason, could find the laws that governed human society. This belief in turn led them to hope that they could make progress toward a better society than the one they had inherited. Reason, natural law, hope, progress, these were the buzz words in the heady atmosphere of the eighteenth century. (Spielvogel, 510)
Some works and dates so you can have a time frame.
Montesquieu "Persian Letters" 1721
Voltaire "Philosophic Letters on the English" 1733
Hume "Treatise on Human Nature 1739-1740
Montesquieu "The Spirit of the Laws" 1748
Voltaire "The Age of Louis XIV" 1751
Diderot "Encyclopedia" 1751-1765
Voltaire "Treatise on Toleration" 1763
Smith "The Wealth of Nations" 1776
Main places: France, England and Germany.
Daniel Defoe: "Robinson Crusoe"
Molière, Corneille and Racine although belong to the 17th century... the content of their plays can relate to the Enlightenment in its criticism.
Johnatan Swift "Guliver´s travels"
What has happened so far?
What do you think this picture represents?
(Jeoung Sun Park)
1543: "On the revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres"
Heavenly bodies are composed of material substance.
"The Starry Messenger" 1610
Universal Law of Gravitation.
Explained the motion in the Universe.