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Transcript of Origin
In Jan 1919, a left wing uprising occurred in Berlin.
It originated in a general strike of some half a million workers
It soon turned into a short, but bloody uprising that is called the Spartacists uprising.
The trigger for the uprising was the dismissal of Berlin’s police chief, Emil Eichhorn, on Jan 4th 1919.
STRENGTH OR WEAKNESS?
On January 4th, 1919, a group of workers, including Emil, begin a protest.
On Jan 5, the KPD (Communist party) and USPD (Socialists) met
Mobilized their supporters and quickly took control of the communication centers
Government’s negotiations with the revolutionaries faltered
Ebert then moved his Gov. to the safety of the town of Weimar
Jan 8th, 1919, several key locations were recaptured including
On Jan 11 1919, the Freicorps surrounded the Police Headquarters
It was captured on Jan 13th
The attempt at a left-wing revolution was put down by force on Ebert’s orders by the army and the Freikorps volunteer militias, which had been formed from soldiers home from the war and which the army had been quietly training.
GOV. RESPONSE #2
Equipped with artillery, machine guns and grenades, they retook the police headquarters, the war ministry and other buildings the revolutionaries had captured, and shot hundreds of the demonstrators, including many who surrendered.
The government summarily disbanded the workers’ and soldiers’ councils.
The government showed strength in crushing a potential revolution and prevented the spread of communist ideals which was clear in the new democratic Weimar Constitution.
In addition the Communist party after this event fell in disarray till Thurman took over in the 1920s.