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Autism

Mental Illness Project for Healthy Living
by

Jennifer Hum

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of Autism

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disability. It is characterized by difficulty in socialization, verbal/non-verbal communication and repetitive behavior.
April 2nd is recognized as International Awareness Day.


Autism
By: Colleyne, Felipe, Jennifer and Shohruh
What is Autism?
The usual age of onset is 12-36 months. Generally caregivers will notice symptoms of autism during this age period.
Age of Onset
Warning Signs/Symptoms
What Happens if That Person is Not Treated?
Autism Awareness
Support Groups
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Autistic Disorder (AD)
Asperger's Disorder (AS)
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)
Rett's Disorder (RD)
Persuasive Developmental Disorder -Not Otherwise Specified (PSD-NOS)
Every individual is unique - no person with an ASD responds or behaves exactly like another with the same diagnosis.
Early Signs (12-24 Months)
Cannot retain language or doesn't acquire language at all
May appear deaf, respond irregularly or not at all to sounds
Difficulty calming during transitions (tantrums)
Difficulty sleeping/wakes up frequently
Does not "point and look"
Failure to bond
Particular diet
Limited imaginative play
No desire to interact with other kids
Chronic gastrointestinal problems
Repeated infections
Life essential skills will not be fully developed. For example, the autistic child's social and speaking skills will not develop effectively.
The likelihood of "out growing" the problem is slim and the obstacles become more difficult as the child ages.
Consequences
What?

When?
Warnings
They may hurt, offend others, ask inappropriate questions and act oddly without realizing it themselves.

This could cause unwanted consequences like hostility, teasing, bullying, isolation, embarrassment and low self esteem.
They may cause "self-injurious behavior" (SIB).
Connection to Crime
Violence
Biomedical
Medications/Treatments
Behavioral
ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis)
Greenspan Method
Miller Method
Pivotal Response Therapy
SCERTS (Social Communication/Emotional Regulation/Transactional Support)
Son-Rise Program
TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic Related Communication Handicapped Children)
Communication
Electronic Devices
Facilitated Communication
PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System)
Relationship Development Intervention
Sign Language
Social Stories
Speech/Language
Verbal Behavior
Sensory
Auditory Integration
Presented as a hearing enhancement process
Sensory Integration
Aimed to improve the ability of the brain to process sensory information (combining our senses to obtain knowledge from our environment/surroundings)
Vision Therapy
Aimed towards normalizing or improving important visual abilities like eye contact and visual perception
Other Therapy
Acupuncture
Art Therapy
Chiropractic
Cranial Sacral (CST)
Homeopathy
Hyperbaric Oxygen
Osteopathic (Therapy that manipulates the skeleton and muscles)
Music Therapy
Neurofeedback
Service Dogs
Swimming Therapy
Therapeutic Recreation
Immune System
Detoxification
Diets
Medication
Nutritional
ABA teaches social, motor and verbal behaviors as well as reasoning skills.
Greenspan method concentrates on social interaction and the D.I.R. (Developmental, Individual-difference, Relationship Based) model.
Dr. Stanley Greenspan
Antigen Specific Transfer Factor
Can increase the immune system's ability to recognize antigens (foreign substances or bugs) it has never encountered and destroy them
Many children with autism have reoccurring infections because their immune system does not recognize the infection or have enough antibodies to kill it
Technique based on the principle that our bodies know how to repair themselves.
CST is a gentle, non-invasive approach that releases tensions deep in the body to alleviate pain and improve whole body-health/performance.
A medical treatment that stimulates the body's own healing processes in order to cure the illness.
Homeopathy
Allows the body to have more oxygen in blood cells, blood plasma (liquid part of blood), cerebral-spinal fluid (clear colorless fluid produced by the brain) and other bodily tissues
Therapeutic system that focuses on the musculoskeletal and nervous system

Chiropractic
Hyberbaric Oxygen
Cranial Sacral Treatment
By monitoring brainwaves, this process teaches them to produce brainwaves associated with a relaxed, alert and focused state
Neurofeedback
Therapeutic Recreation
Using recreational activities to build on skills that are required in order for someone with autism to function as independently as possible in public
Facts and Statistics
Rate of autism 1 in 88 (March 2012)
Autism prevalence figures are growing
10-17% annually
Boys are 4-5 times more likely than girls to have autism

A known cure doesn't exist yet
ASDs are reported to occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups
Children born to older parents are at higher risk for ASDs
$126 billion annual cost (U.S.)
More children will be diagnosed with autism this year than with AIDS, diabetes & cancer combined
Autism receives less than 5% of the research funding of many less occurring diseases
About 56% of students with autism finish high school
80-90% of adults are unemployed
Costs of lifelong care can be reduced 2/3 with early diagnosis and intervention
About 46% of autistic children were bullied
Support
Autism support groups are very useful, they provide people a place and a way to share/receive information, give and get emotional support, and work as a team to solve challenges.
There are various support groups and their activities differ depending on their goals (like providing mutual support, creating resource centers and setting up babysitting/care schedules).
There are programs like ABA, Son-Rise, HANDLE, and Autism Intervention (which is funded by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services) that provide support to people.
Websites like the following also provide support:
http://www.autismsocietycanada.ca/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=47&Itemid=79
http://autism.meetup.com/
Aware
The autism awareness ribbon is made of puzzle pieces because of the mystery and complexity of autism. The different colors and shapes represent the diversity of people and families living with this disorder. The brightness of the pieces signal that there is - hope.
After the tragedy of the Newtown, Connecticut it brought people to link autism with inexplicable acts of violence because they lack the ability for empathy and social connection. This was because Adam Lanza had been diagnosed with a form of ASD.
Speculations and stereotypes like these are untrue and are hurtful to people with autism who are already at higher risk for bullying.
Repetition of false information means more stigma and myths that must be clarified.
People with autism can be deeply sensitive and ethical; they just have trouble reading social signals.
Research has also shown that they are not more likely to engage in criminal activity than members of the general population.
Yet this is a very complex topic since other studies contradict this.
An article suggested some aspects of autism may lead to violence like if they become fixated on guns, explosives, etc.

A 2008 review found that 84% of violent offenders with autism also had other psychiatric disorders at the time they committed the crime.

Most people who commit crimes do it for a concrete reward like money or drugs. This is not the case for someone with autism. Their motive is to convey the message they have been offended yet they can't communicate this verbally so they turn to a non-verbal form.
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