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Transcript of Internment Camps
Internment Camps Franklink D. Roosevelt made the order after the attack on Pearl Harbor
Was called Executive Order 9066
Over 120,000 Japanese were moved, most of them being U.S. citizens
Race tracks, fairgrounds, and schools were used as "assembly centers" before the internment camps had been built There was an internment camp in Minidoka, Idaho!
Opened August 10, 1942
Closed October 28, 1945
Peak population of 9,397 Largest camp was in Tule Lake, California.
Had a peak population of over 18,000 people
Was open until March 20, 1946
Was officially titled a segregation centre for troublesome internees
detainees held frequent demonstrations and strikes demanding their rights under the U.S. Constitution Fueled by a fear of foreign spies.
Only 10 people were convicted of spying - they were all Caucasian
Half of the internees were children
There were 5,000 Japanese soldiers in the US army-- they were all classified as enemy aliens despite their US citizenship Internment camps resembled prisons.
Poor food quality, cramped quarters, and communal facilities
A family of five or six occupied a single room of 25 by 20 feet
A bath, laundry and toilet building was shared by more than 250 people Each camp was like a mock town that was very unpleasant to live in.
had government-owned or -leased farmland that was used by the internees to produce poultry, eggs and pork; a few of the centers also produced beef and dairy products
Medical care was provided without charge at the centers with hospitals built on site
Education was provided through high school with many of the internees recruited as teachers The government tried to help the quality of life, bu often times failed.
The War Relocation Authority (WRA) was created to help internees adjust to their new way of life
It was hoped that residents would eventually resettle inland of their own initiative, about 8,000 were allowed to move, but rising hostilities caused voluntary relocation to come to a halt.
The WRA was there to provide communities for the evacuees to live, work and contribute and eventually mainstream back into society Internees had to leave their whole lives behind.
Left behind an estimated $200,000,000 worth of real, commercial, and personal property
They were given just 48 hours to evacuate their homes in most cases
While the WRA was a mediator for the evacuees in this regard, their properties and personal items were sold for much lesser value, and they suffered great financial losses The end of Internment.
Executive Order 9066 was rescinded by President Roosevelt in 1944
The last camp closed in 1946; it was Tula Lake
46 years after the harsh conditions, dislocated lives, and pain, the U.S. government formally acknowledged and apologized Masaye Nakamura was an internee.
she and eight other Japanese-American “Nisei” or second generation young adults were able to leave the camps and attend school at Park University
Wasn't allowed to go off campus by herself
Was transported to the campus in an armored vehicle with three fully armed soldiers.