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ACL Surgery

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by

Alana Lorenzo

on 16 June 2011

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Transcript of ACL Surgery

In the early 1800s, physicians first identified the ACL and described ways to diagnose injuries.
A Greek doctor named Georges Noulis was the first to describe a method for diagnosing damage to the ACL.
The first surgical repair of the ACL was performed in 1895 by A.W. Robson, who stitched the torn ligament together. He did not report his surgery until 1903 so when W.H. Battle repaired a torn ACL in 1900 it was cited as the first ACL surgery ever completed. To reconstruct the ACL, it is necessary to remove all of the existing damaged ACL. This is done with a motorized device which is called a shaver.
Attention is directed to the patella tendon. Incisions are made at the inferior pole of the patella and at the tibial tubercle.
After, the central third is harvested with a bone block at each end of the tendon. Initially, the tendon is removed from the tibial tubercle area. The graft is then passed beneath the skin and retrieved from the superior incision. Harvesting is completed.
The tibial drill guide is placed on the tibia.
The endoscopic femoral drill guide is then passed through the tibial drill hole.
The femoral guide wire is then placed, the femoral guide is removed and the femoral drill is used to place a hole in the femur.
The graft is then placed through the tibia, through the knee joint, and into the femoral drill hole.
To hold the graft in place, a screw is inserted into the femoral drill hole. This particular screw is a bioabsorbable screw.
A second screw is inserted into the tibia to hold that part of the reconstruction in place. ACL SURGERY By Alana Lorenzo, Anatomy and Physiology, 2010-2011!!!!!!! :) What is your ACL? Your anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the major stabilizing ligament of the knee. Where is it located? The ACL is located in the center of the knee joint and runs from the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone), through the center of the knee. How do you tear your ACL? Usually the tearing of the ACL occurs with a sudden direction change or when a deceleration force crosses the knee What to feel. The feeling people get when they tear their ACL is a popping and/or sharp sensation. History. Is this procedure related to anything specific? There is no specific age group for for this kind of procedure.
This kind of injury does not discriminate. Why does one need this surgery? If you are an athlete you might feel it is necessary to get this surgery so you can continue your carreer in playing sports. Also if you would like to stay active through out your life you would most deffinetly want to get this surgery.

FACT: You can live a normal life without having suregery after tearing your ACL. Risks. Risks that may occur during/after surgery are:
Infection, which can happen if you use donor graft or if you keep the wound open.
Blood clots.
Failure of the graft, loosening of the graft, and a chance that the graft does not provide optimal stabilization of the knee following ACL surgery. Who does the surgery? Th surgery is done by a knee specialist. They practice these kinds of surgerys because it is there profession. Step by step. Effective or not? This surgery is very effective. 90% of these surgerys are successful. Did you know!?!?!?!? 1. You do not have to have ACL surgery if you do not want to. You can live a completley normal life with a torn one.
2. Some people do not have ACL's at all!!!
3. Tearing your ACL is one of the most common sports injurys.
4. You have the option to use donor graft or take parts from your own to repair your ACL. Work Cited.

http://www.kidzworld.com/article/8015-how-to-treat-a-torn-aclhttp://ehealthmd.com/library/acltears/ACL_surgery.htmlhttp://www.arthroscopy.com/sp05018.htmhttp://www.biomet.com/patients/sportsMedicine/aclProcedure.cfmhttp://www.ehow.com/about_5269773_history-acl-surgery.htmlhttp://orthopedics.about.com/cs/aclrepain/a/acldecision_2.htm Cost. About 1500-2000 dollars.
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