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Events to Mount. Revolution
Transcript of Events to Mount. Revolution
Both Britain and France laid claim to the Ohio Valley, a piece of land that stretched from the Ohio River to the Appalachians to the Mississippi River. The French sent troops to drive out the British which resulted in the British declaring war.
Britain Wins the War Leading to the Treaty of Paris
King George III tried to end the fighting. In 1763, he made a proclamation. The proclamation said that the Native Americans now owned all lands west of the Appalachian Mountains, and if any white settlers were in their land, they were told to leave. As a result, fighting between the Native Americans and the settlers.
The French and Indian War
Britain sent more troops and supplies to the colonies and eventually won the war. The war ended with the treaty of Paris which said Britain now owned most of Canada, all lands east of the Mississippi river, and Florida.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act put a tax on several paper items in the colonies. Playing cards, newspapers, legal documents, and more had to have a special stamp on them to prove that the tax had been paid for.
The war was fought between the French and the British and the Americans witnessed joining forces with the British against the French and Indians
The Parliament passed many new tax laws called the Townshend Acts. The act taxed imports, such as tea, paper, glass, paint and several more. The new law also set up a group of tax collectors.
Parliament passed the Tea Act. It gave Britain's East India Company a monopoly on tea. This includes control over competition and pricing. Only the East India Company was allowed to sell tea to the colonies.
The Boston Tea Party angered the British leaders. In March, Parliament passed a new set of laws to punish the Massachusetts colonists. It was called the Coercive Act because they coerced, or forced the colonists to obey the laws they thought were unfair.
Some people in Britain worried about the colonies. A member of the Parliament, William Pitt said, " I would advise the noble lords in office to adopt a more gentle mode of governing America."
Lexington and Concord
Colonists in Massachusetts quickly formed military units. They were called Minutemen because they were said to be ready to fight at a minute's notice.General Gage heard that Samuel Adams and John Hancock were meeting in Lexington. He also heard that the Minutemen had weapons in nearby Concord.