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Effects of McCarthyism and the Red Scare on American Society

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Rachel Munzar

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of Effects of McCarthyism and the Red Scare on American Society

Conflict between the USSR and the USA after WWII in which the USA and the USSR were in a hot seat of tension and suspicion without ever using armed forces against one another
Led to fear of Communism
APUSH T2, P. 5
Tuesday, March 4, 2014
Rachel Munzar
The Cold War
My Thesis:
Senator Joe McCarthy (Continued)
Responses to Fear of Communism
My paper takes a look into the depths of McCarthyism and examines the causes and effects, the various acts and laws formed in response to Communist threats, and who was affected and how.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were accused of murdering a paymaster of a shoe factory and a security guard on April 15, 1920
Although radical leftists all around the world raised money in support of their innocence, Sacco and Vanzetti were found guilty and executed

House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) - investigated the alleged disloyalty of suspected Communists or Communist supporters
The Hatch Act of 1939 made it illegal for the government to hire Communists, and was used to uncover Communists living under false names or identities
Senator for the state of Wisconsin
When the time for re-election drew near, McCarthy needed some new tactics to ensure his political success, so he decided to take advantage of the enduring fear of Communist threats
Overall, the trials that took place during the rise of McCarthyism contributed to some anti-semitic as well as anti-immigrant sentiments in the American public.
Those blacklisted in Hollywood came to be known as the Hollywood Ten
Jews made up a large portion of the blacklisted group, partially because of them being wrongly accused by the HUAC and also because of their high positions in the film industry
Effects of McCarthyism on American Society
Senator Joseph McCarthy
On February 9, 1950, McCarthy made the claim that he had a list of 205 people in the State Department who were known members of the American Communist Party
McCarthy spent almost five years trying to expose communists and other left-wing “loyalty risks” in the U.S. government
The Wrongfully Accused
The Wrongfully Accused (Continued)
Conclusion
Though the intention of ridding America of Communism was a good one, the methods used to carry it out were ineffective and had a negative rather than positive impact on American society
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