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Transcript of Learner Characteristics
try to guess when they don't know something - and often succeed;
• try to get their message across even if their knowledge of the language isn't very good;
• are prepared to make mistakes;
• try to figure out how language works;
• practise whenever they can;
• analyse the way they and others talk;
• have a good self-image and confidence.
how do we teach
how do we teach large and mixed ability classes?
what approaches, methods or techniques would you use
characteristics of good learners
catering for different needs
It refers to the potential that a person has for learning languages. This potential is often evaluated using formal aptitude tests, which predict the degree of success the candidate will have with a new language. Aptitude tests vary but many include evaluation of ability to manage sounds, grammatical structures, infer rules, and memory.
Language aptitude may be fixed but there are many things teachers can do in the area of learner training to improve the learner's ability. These include helping learners identify their preferences for learning; thinking about learning styles, and then looking at how these can be developed; and developing learner autonomy by teaching learners how to study effectively.
“refers to a complex of three characteristics which may or may not be related to any particular orientation. These characteristics are
attitudes toward learning the language
desire to learn the language
and motivational intensity
” (Gardner, 1985, p. 54).
main orientations through his research:
1. integrative: a favorable attitude toward the target language community; possibly a
wish to integrate and adapt to a new target culture through use of the language.
2. instrumental: a more functional reason for learning the target language, such as
job promotion, or a language requirement.
!!! please read further - Gardner and motivation !!!
neuro-linguistic programming (NLP)
The founders of NLP, Richard Bandler and John Grinder, wanted to help people to re-frame their experiences (visualise things in a different way) to help them perform better. They also suggested that all people respond to the same stimuli - visual (what we see), auditory (what we hear), kinaesthetic (associated with physical movement, touching, etc.), olfactory (what we smell) and gustatory (what we taste) — but that for each of us one of these VAKOG elements has more 'power' because it stimulates us more than the others do, and this is different for different people.
working in pairs think of how to tackle this issue