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Transcript of Slavery
In the U.S.
Condition of the slaves' lives
Racism in the U.S.
History of slavery
FOUNDATION OF SLAVERY IN AMERICA
Slavery began in 1619 in the northern colony of James Town (production of tobacco)
17th and 18th century: more than 7 million slaves were imported in the New World
They started to call for abolition (1775-83 American Revolution)
U.S. Constitution counted each slave as three-fifths of a person.
IMPORTANCE OF THE COTTON GILL (Late 18th century)
From tobacco to cotton
1774-1804: all the Northern States abolished slavery
SLAVES AND SLAVEHOLDERS
First revolts (1800, led by Gabriel Prosser in Richmond, 1822, led by Denmark Vesey in Charleston, and 1931, led by Nat Turner in Southampton county)
RISE OF THE ABOLITION MOVEMENT (1830-1860s)
Fredrick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Harriet Beecher Stowe (Uncle Tom's cabinet)
CIVIL WAR AND EMANCIPATION
Election of Abraham Lincoln
1862: preliminary emancipation proclamation :
"Slaves within any states or designated part of a state.. In rebellion ... Shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free"
THE LEGACY OF SLAVERY
13th amendment officially abolished slavery
14th amendment gave the slaves the rights of citizenship and equal protection
15th amendment gave them the right to vote
The reconstruction period brought again the rebirth of with supremacy
1960s greatest civil right movement
Black music and its evolution
Life on the fields meant working from dusk to dawn six days a week. Plantation slaves lived in small shacks with a dirt floor and little or no furniture. Life on large plantations with a cruel overseer was often the worst. However, working for a small farm owner who was not doing well could mean not being fed.
Large plantations often required some slaves to work in the plantation home. These slaves enjoyed far better circumstances.
DOMESTIC SLAVES lived in better quarters and received better food.
The OVERSEER was paid to make the slaves work better and faster, acting cruelly towards them.
The SLAVE CODES were lists of rules and laws about the behavior to have towards slaves. It was different from state to state and very often wasn't respected.
- Slaves could not carry weapons or guns
- The education of slaves was forbidden
- Slave marriages were illegal, so slave owners were free to split families by selling them
- Rapes were very common in plantation, and they were also legal
- If a slave was caught guilty of rape, conspiracy or arson, he was put to death
Movies about slavery
Movies about slavery in the United States have been made for many years. Some movies are directly about the lives of African slaves in the United States. Other movies occur during the period of slavery, which is noticeable in the background, but involve other issues or events.
In recent years, slave-themed movies have become popular and audiences are now demanding historical accuracy in film-making. Classic movies like Gone with the Wind occur in the southern states of America during the period of time when slavery was legal yet the slaves play only a tangential role in the movie. The recent and iconic film, Lincoln, in which the president is fighting to pass the 13th Amendment to abolish slavery, focuses on the political maneuvering of the president and Congress. Slaves are rarely seen. The horror of slavery is rarely seen on the big and small screens.
This is changing. The slave-themed productions on this list portray slavery as the terrible crime against humanity that existed for centuries against the African people.
In the 19th century racism and slavery were part of the main historical events, though their results didn't lead to an integration and acceptance of black people
The new century saw racism taking an institutional way, with lots of discriminating laws that excluded and humiliated black people, such as the Grandfather Clauses.
Public lynching and violent episodes increased too, with the birth of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), a racist organization which quickly became emblematic for the racism in that period.
In response to this all-over spread hate and racism, in the early 20th century some protest groups rose, like the NAACP.
These movements kept on rising until the '60s, when Martin Luther King, leader of the civil rights, spoke in Atlanta his world famous "I have a dream" speech.
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12 Years a Slave (2013)
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