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Transcript of Poland
The People of Poland
"Poland." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 07 May 2015.
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In some aspects, clothing in Poland is quite similar to American clothing. (The weather in Poland isn't too much different than parts of America as well.) Younger people tend to wear jeans and sweatshirts with American slogans/logos. However, since clothing is expensive, wardrobes are small. Poles also sometimes tend to look overdressed to other countries.
Capital - Warsaw
Official Language - Polish
Form of Government - Parliamentary Republic
Area - 120,726 square miles
Major Cities - Warsaw, Łódź, and Krakow
Main Religion - Roman Cathlioc
Currency - Polish złoty
(1 Polish złoty = .28 US dollar)
Population - 38.53 million
Oda, the pet German Shepherd
Scully, the pet cat
Poles seem to overdress to foreigners
Education is very important
Poles are quite emotional
Concerned on how people percieve them
Flowers are very important
Not uncommon for close friends to greet with three kisses
Expected to bring flowers, candy or liquor if invited to a dinner
Poles at the Trailing of the Sheep Festival
Efforts of speaking Polish is a sign of respect
Topics that should be avoided in conversation: Religion, abortion, gay rights, and World War II
Topics encouraged to talk about: Famous people of Poland, food, sports, and the beauty of Poland
Use irony or Sarcasm for humor
A castle built in the 1300's in Krakow (Currently a museum)
Our Host brother and sister, Filip and Zudanna
Our host parents, Lena and Mike
Usually a Polish household contains the parents and two children. It is uncommon to find a Pole with a large number of offspring. Having a small amount of kids ensures that they will get a good start in life. Grandparents and Nannies take a big part in caring for the the children. Children learn to take part in house work at a young age.
Bigos (Hunter's Stew)
Legend of the Dragon of Krakow
Also known as the dragon of Wawel
This legend tells the story of a group of people that lived on a settlement on River Vistula near Wawel Hill. Down the hill was a cave, owned by a fearsome dragon. The young men decided to approach the dragon's cave, soon angering it causing a lack of peace. The hero in this story differs from either a wise old man, a shoemaker, or a shoemaker's apprentice, named Krakus or Krac. He stuffed sheep with sulfur for bait and the dragon swooped down to get them, as planned. The sulfur sparked in him and he soon exploded. The town rejoiced and deemed Krac as their new ruler.
The image above shows a sculpture of the Smok Wawelski, the dragon, located in Krakow, Poland, Near the Wawel Castle and the dragon's
cave. The sculpture blows fire
every few minutes but tourists
can signal by texting
"SMOK" to 7168.
Hello - Halo
Hi - Cześć
Hey - Hej
How are you? - Jak się masz?
Good morning - Dzień Dobry
Pleased to meet you - Miło cię poznać
What's new? - Co nowego
Good evening - Dobry Wieczór!
And if all else fails, a simple
handshake will do.
Rites of passages include Baptism, First communion, and Marriage and always call for a festive celebration.
Funerals are followed by toasts and tributes to the diseased. In the past, Poles would dress in black for a year after the death of a family member. Today, a black armband is worn instead.
In Poland, most people do not own cars. Not only is hitchhiking legal here, it's encouraged.
Most cities have efficient bus and streetcar systems.
Above: A streetcar in Poland (also known as a tram, a tramcar or a trolleycar.
A historical building that was finished being built in 1913 and is located in Wroclaw
A royal palace in Warsaw that finished being built in 1696
(Currently a museum)
One of the biggest theatre/operas in Europe, located in Warsaw and built in 1833, then rebuilt in 1965 after it was destroyed in World War II
Men and women often shake hands. The man also has to wait until the woman extends her hand first. When going to dinner, it is polite for the man to bring a bouquet of flowers for the lady of the house. During traditional weddings, long passages of blessings are said by the parents and bread and salt are given before the actual ceremony, and greenery on the bride's head symbolizes virginity. However, not all these customs are practiced today. Wedding anniversaries are very special, and 10th wedding anniversaries are a cause for major celebration.
Giving of the bread and salt at a Polish wedding
Holidays and Festivals
Some Of The Things We Enjoyed Doing
A St. John's Eve Bonfire
Major Polish holidays include New Year's Day on January 1st, Good Friday in March or April, All Saints' Day on November 1st, Corpus Christi day in June, Worker's Day on May 1st, and Constitution Day on May 3rd.
St. John's Eve in June is also popular, although it isn't considered an official holiday, since government offices remain open. This day was originally a pagan celebration to drive out devils, but it's now celebrated with bonfires which boys try to jump over and girls getting buckets of water dumped on their heads.
Some of the things we did in Poland aren't too different from we do in America. Polish people even listen to American pop music quite often. We enjoyed going to the theater and to cinemas, opera houses, jazz and classical concerts, and even discos, which are all things Poland's cities are famous for. Outside we got to go hiking, horseback riding, and hunting.
Polish is a Slavic language that uses the Roman alphabet. When pronouncing words, the stress is placed on the second-to-last syllable.
The alphabet used in the Polish Language
What sound do these odd letters make?
Ąą - This letter make a nasally sound like om
Ćć - This letter makes the "ch" sound
Ęę - This letter makes a nasally sound like em
Jj - This letter is pronounced the same as "Y"
Łł - This letter makes the "wuh" sound
Ńń - This letter makes the "nee" sound
Óó - This letter is pronounced the same as "U"
Rr - This letter is a thrilled r
Śś - This letter makes the "shh" sound
Ww - This letter is pronounced the same as "V"
Źź - This letter makes the "ch" sound in tea
Żż - This letter makes the "si" sound in vi
"Polish Legends - Dragon of Cracow." Polish Legends - Dragon of Cracow. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 May 2015.
"Linguanaut." Polish Phrases and Common Sentences. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 May 2015.
"Countries and Their Cultures." Poles. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 May 2015.
"Wilanów Palace." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 09 May 2015.
"Grand Theatre, Warsaw." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 09 May 2015.
"Polish Alphabet & Pronunciation | Mówić Po Polsku." Mwi Po Polsku. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2015.
O. THE POLISH ALPHABET AND SOUNDS Here is the Polish alp (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
When traveling here, make sure you are vaccinated for:
There also isn't any extreme health problems or concerns in Poland and Poles are generally quite healthy.
"Health Information for Travelers to PolandTraveler View." Health Information for Travelers to Poland. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2015.
Poland has a Democratic Republic. This means they have a president and prime minister.
The president is head of state while the prime minister is head of government.
Poland's economy is agriculture and industry.
1 out of every 10 Poles are unemployed.