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RECONSTRUCTION THRU WWI

Reconstruction, Centennial, railroads, wild west, indian wars, Homestead Act, industry, big business, inventions, Victorian era, immigration, labor struggles, farm failures, Progressivism, Teddy Roosevelt, automobile, Spanish-American war, US as a world p
by

Catherine Adams

on 22 May 2010

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Transcript of RECONSTRUCTION THRU WWI

The Progressive Era
1900-1920 Reform Government for the People Teddy Roosevelt Progressive
Presidents Modern Age Inventions America's Emergence as a World Power
and
World War I Women's Suffrage Prohibition African-American
Progress Children Muckrakers http://www.law.louisville.edu/sites/www.law.louisville.edu/files/suffrage-800px.jpg Women held Suffragette Parades
to support the right to vote for
women. The right was granted with
the 19th Amendment in 1920. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/naw/catt.jpg http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://vote08.freedomblogging.com/files/2008/08/suffrage.jpg&imgrefurl Suffrage: the right of voting Child Labor http://home.comcast.net/~DiazStudents/IndustrialChildLabor2.jpg http://tdaait.files.wordpress.com/2008/07/child_labor_big.jpg http://argenteditions.com/images/large//lewis-hine/lewis-hine-child-labor-mill-girl-01641-700.jpg School Reform In 1890, almost 2 million kids
under the age of 16 worked
in America's mines, mills,
factories, and on farms. http://www.culver.lib.in.us/gallery_town/buildings-lands/school/culver-school-photo-1901-keen-brothers-photography.jpg http://sondag.devils-elbow.com/LincolnTotem1914.JPG By 1910, most states had passed
laws requiring kids to go to school
6 hours/day. John Dewey, Maria
Montessori, and Horace Mann were
leaders of the public education movement. http://www.culture-of-peace.info/ppa/dubois-big.jpg http://hennessyhistory.wikispaces.com/file/view/bookert2.jpg/75944663/bookert2.jpg Booker T Washington urged
blacks to seek dignity as
farmers. WEB DuBois argued that African-Americans should have more job choices. DuBois headed the Niagara Movem,ent which fought job discrimination.
http://hempsteadnaacp.com/images/naacpfounders.jpg The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, the NAACP, was formed in response to mob terrorization and black lynchings. Temperance groups gained support
of middle-class women and many men.
They urged the banning of alcohol.
By 1915, 25 states were "dry". In 1919,
the 18th Amendment to the Constitution
banned the manufacture and sale of
alcoholic beverages. http://maxdunbar.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/prohibition1.jpg http://www.teachersparadise.com/ency/en/media/6/6f/prohibition.jpg McClure's Magazine published some of the
most famous articles of the Progressive
Era. The articles tried to expose the
ruthlessness of big business and pushed
hard for reform. President Roosevelt
called the reformers "muckrakers."
(Muck is like mud.) Progressive Reformers wanted to make
government more responsive to the peoples'
needs and desires. Most city utilities were owned
by monopolies, and conditions
were not good. http://reds.linefeed.org/bios/bob1.jpg Robert LaFollette was a famous Progressive
in state goverment. His reforms, called the
"Wisconisin Idea", created more government
oversight and a greater voice for the people. Progressive Ideas
fostered in the early 1900s:

Civil liberties
Fair trade
Labor rights
Social justice
Social welfare
Women's rights
Women's suffrage
http://members.tripod.com/~vet6_2/roosevelt/roosevelt2.jpg http://thesamerowdycrowd.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/teddy-roosevelt.jpg http://schools.fsusd.k12.ca.us/schools/fhs/TeachWeb/ChrisW/teddy-roosevelt2.jpg Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt
was the first president
to use the power of his
office to work toward
progressive goals. His
leadership helped reform
government at all levels. Roosevelt took on
the giant monopolies
in business and
created government
oversight for industry. He took action during labor
strikes, pushed laws
regulating food and drugs,
and was a leader in
conserving our natural
resources. http://www.clemson.edu/caah/history/facultypages/PamMack/lec124/muiryosemite.jpg William Howard Taft Filed 90 Antitrust lawsuits
against corporations;
Safety standards for miners
and railroad workers;
Proposed a federal income
tax (enacted in 1913) http://www.classbrain.com/artbiographies/uploads/taft-inauguration.jpg Woodrow Wilson http://royalromania.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/president_woodrow_wilson_po.jpg Woodrow Wilson called his ideas
the "New Freedom;"
1914 - Clayton Antitrust Act
Started the Federal Trade
Commission;
Strengthened the nation's banks
Pushed social welfare programs.
http://www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/jb/recon/jb_recon_telephone_1_e.jpg http://www.nps.gov/archive/edis/edifun/edifun_4andup/top_three.htm http://www.odec.ca/projects/2007/ardi7m2/images/ford_model_t_henry.jpg http://www.tdlmodels.com/images/Kitty-Hawk.jpg http://www.wosound.com/images/victrola.jpg http://students.umf.maine.edu/~hartwenr/
webquest/Webquesthome/Titanic%20BW.gif The Spanish American War America's
New Role World War I
Begins America at War Modern
Warfare American
Troops World Peace? The US declared war on Spain following an
explosion on the USS Maine in Havana harbor.
The US supported Cuba's rebellion for
independence from Spain and many saw
opportunities for American
expansion. The conflict only lasted
4 months. The US gained
control of the Phillipines,
Guam, Puerto Rico, and
Wake Island. Cuba was
placed under US occupation. http://www.solpass.org/7ss/Images/war.gif http://www.kqed.org/w/pacificlink/history/usforeignpol/harperscover.html http://web.mst.edu/~rogersda/umrcourses/ge342/SS%20Ancon%20first%20transit%20Panama%20Canal.jpg America was emerging as one
of the great world powers
following the Spanish-American
War. With power came
responsibility and a new need to
protect American interests in
the world. The "Open Door Policy"
declared that all countries,
including the US, could
trade with China. Following the Spanish-American War the US had a greated interest and influence in the Pacific. The need to move ships between oceans faster led
to the creation of the Panama Canal.
In return for official recognition, the new government in Panama gave the
ten-mile wide "canal zone" to
the US. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWassass2.jpg June 28, 1914 Archduke
Ferdinand assassinated. Germany Austria-
Hungary Italy Triple
Alliance France Great Britain Russia United
States Belgium Allied Nations WAR Central Powers Ottoman
Empire Bulgaria Neutral Countries Serbia Greece Monte-
negro Portugal Romania Italy
(after 1915) Switzerland Spain Albania Sweden Norway Denmark http://www.flatrock/lusitania_7_may_1915.jpg In May 1915, the passenger
ship Lusitania is torpedoed
by German U-Boats, killing
1,198 civilians. US remains
neutral until
April 1917. http://posterwire.com/wpcontent/images/uncle_sam.jpg http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5b/LibertyBond-WinsorMcCay.jpg http://www.navyphotos.co.uk/uboat1b.jpg http://www.historyplace.com http://www.historyplace.com Women and African-Americans helped in the war effort as
drivers, delivering mail, and in factories. President Wilson said
women's suffrage was "vital to the war effort. In 1917, German UBoats
chased American cargo
ships and tried to
convince Mexico to invade
the US. Americans were
outraged. Congress
declared war on Germany
in April 1917. http://www.educypedia.be/education/Images http://www.battlesofwar.com/media/wwi-picture-2.jpg http://www.dutchsubmarines.com/boats/images/ The development of modern
industry and science led to the
invention of deadlier and more
accurate weapons. Machine
guns, mustard gas, tanks,
and topedoes came out of
WWI. The NY Times
wrote "war is now so
dreadful, it cannot
happen." http://neveryetmelted.com/wp-images/BelleauWood2..jpg http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/P/wwi5.gif http://img.timeinc.net/time/photoessays/2007/soldiers_portraits/soldiers_01.jpg http://www.iptv.org/IowaPathways/images/a_000697_body.jpg http://www.redicecreations.com/winterwonderland/versailles.jpg http://s3.amazonaws.com/league_of_nations.jpg http://mjusino.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/woodrow-wilson.jpg http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/images/s59.4p1.jpg http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/images/maps/Europe1922.jpg When the war started in
Europe, it was called
"the war to end all wars." President Wilson was a firm believer in an international council to maintain peace. He called his idea the League of Nations, and its formation was part of the peace treaty. Some Americans vehemently opposed the League of Nations, and the treaty was never approved by the American people. Henry Ford rolled out the first Model T in 1908. The innovative use of the assembly line in production made the car affordable for many Americans. Inventions like the record player allowed people to enjoy their leisure time at a small cost. Alexander Graham Bell introduced the
"speaking telegraph" in 1876. By 1880,
there were 50,000 telephones in use;
by 1910 there were over a million. Thomas Edison invented the incandescent light
bulb in 1879 and installed the first power
station in New York City in 1882. By the
early 1900s, every big city had electric lights. Orville and Wilbur Wright conducted the first
airplane flight on December 17, 1903. By
1908, they won a contract to manufacture
planes for the military. The RMS Titanic was the largest passenger ship in the world and used the most advanced technology available. Ships like the Titanic changed travel between the US and Europe. The Titanic sank in 1912 after it hit an iceberg. Carrie Chapman Catt was a leader of the women's suffrage movement. She led protests and parades, and demanded action from Congress. Fun fact: The teddy bear was named for Teddy Roosevelt. Junior Prom 1907 at Lincoln High in Seattle European countries took sides
in the conflict on the basis of
treaties and historical alliances. Recruiting poster American troops were inexperienced, but they provided new energy and fresh ideas for the exhausted French and English armies. American troops played a key role in the Allied victory. Patriotism surged during the war. Artists, writers, and photographers created posters, songs, plays, and movies with themes that supported the war effort. Propaganda: materials used to spread political ideas. Propaganda often plays on the fears and prejudices people hold. Allied forces stopped German invasions by employing "trench warfare." They created an elaborate network of trenches 450 miles from the Swiss border to the North Sea. Trench warfare was brutal. Rodents ran through the trenches, which were often filled ankle deep with water. Attacks with artillery and tanks might last days before soldiers were ordered to climb out of the trenches and advance across open fields. High casualty rates and traumatic stress depleted armies quickly. American soldiers began arriving in the summer of 1917. When the Russian Revolution ended in 1918, German troops returned to the western front to meet the Allies and Americans. In November, American units succeeded in cutting off the Germans main supply line, although the toll was high - nearly 120,000 Americans killed, wounded, or missing.
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