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Feudalism in Europe
Transcript of Feudalism in Europe
Feudalism In Europe
The Feudal System
Feudalism is a form of organizing society based on the holding of lands in fief and on the resulting relations between lord and vassal.
It took root Medieval Europe
Served wealthy nobles and church officials
Defended their lords' land in exchange for fiefs
Fight for and defend the king
Also known as vassals
Wore armor and fancy clothes
Church Officials were the leaders of religious life in Feudal Europe
Church officials had massive influence that was blanketed over all social classes
Church Officials enjoyed all luxuries of high society in Feudal Culture
Churches were often parts of the manor
Similar to many modern Middle Eastern countries, religion was tied into law
The Nobles filled the role of organization in the European Feudal system
Nobles offered protection to low class citizens through knights in exchange for peasant labor
Their marriages were arranged by their parents and usually were meant for strategic reasons
In the feudal system, status determined a person's prestige and power
Medieval writers classified people in to three groups
Those who fought (nobles and knights), those who prayed (men and women of the church) and those who worked (the peasants)
Social class was usually inherited
Movement in Social Class was rare
Fun Feudalism Facts!
In the 14th century, the nobility in France made up about 1 percent of the population
The word feudalism comes from the Latin word feudum, meaning fief
Peasants worked hard and died young. Most were dead before they reached 30 years old
The kings believed they were given the right to rule by God. This was called "divine right"
The Lord held absolute power over the fief or manor including holding court and deciding punishments for crimes
A Medieval Cathedral
A Painting of a Church Official in Feudal Europe
By: Robert Scott, Jesse Montoya, And Rosemary Hoitt
Shown Here is a Feudal Pyramid used in Europe
A painting of a Medieval King
Kings were at the peak of the pyramid
Claimed ownership of all land in their kingdom
Gave fiefs to noblemen as an exchange
Wore the best clothes around
Many Monarchs wore purple (the color of royalty) robes to show their wealth
Expensive attire Usually worn by a Noble reflected their important job in feudal society
A Noble's Wedding was almost always for strategic purposes to gain power
Chart showing the basic sections of a Knights heavy armor
Many Knights rode horses into battle, and fought using a technique known as jousting
Peasants made up 90% of the population in Feudal Europe
Peasants were responsible for agriculture and food production
Peasants were expected to endure long hours of strenuous manual labor
Peasants received protection from their king
Another term for Peasants in serfs
Peasants had to toil long days
Most peasants worked in the field, tending to crops
Most Peasants did not live beyond the age of 30
This shows a king receiving the right to rule by God
A king is giving a knight land in order to protect him
Similarities and differences of feudalism
Knights' shields represented which Lord they fought for
"Middle Ages for Kids: Feudal System and Feudalism." Ducksters. Technological Solutions, Inc. (TSI), Dec. 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. <http://www.ducksters.com/history/middle_ages_feudal_system.php>.
"The Middle Ages: Feudal Life." The Middle Ages: Feudal Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Danger, Gerald A. World History: Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2005. Print.
"Japan And Europe Comparison." Japan And Europe Comparison. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.
"Feudalism (social System)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
"Feudalism." Feudalism. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
The Life of Serfs
A Venn Diagram showing the similarities and differences between Feudal Europe and Japan
Both had warriors lived by a code of honor and loyalty
Both of them had one main ruler
Views on women were extremely different from each other
Monty Python: The Annoying Peasant
A medieval knight
A Japanese Samurai
A manor is an estate (fief) of land given to a Lord by a King
Manors were largely self sufficient communities
Manors consisted of the Lords house, a small village for the peasants, fields, a church, workshops, and a mill (for grinding oats)
The Lord provided housing, farmland and protection for all serfs in his estate
Serfs tended for the Lord's land, cared for his animals, cultivated food, and performed other tasks to maintain the estate
A famous book written about the harsh life of Peasants in a Manor society
British Kings thought that they received the power to rule through the "crown" a symbol which derived from God
Kings were by far the richest on the feudal pyramid
European Castle used in the Feudal Age
Japanese Castle used in the Feudal Age