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Age of Exploration

Learn More About The Age of Exploration & The Founding of The New World
by

Jerod Evans

on 23 February 2011

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Transcript of Age of Exploration

Age of Exploration Societies Mayan Society The Mayans were a mesoamerican culture, noted for having the only known written language of the pre-Columbian Americas. Also known for their art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. Aztec Society They were of central Mexico and were around during the 14th, 15th, & 16th centuries. The most questoning part of the Aztec society was human sacrifice. They were a civilization with a rich cultural heritage whose capital, Tenochtitlan, rivaled the greatest European cities in size and grandeur. Inca Society The Incas were a thriving civilization, well known for their road systems, communication systems, and their government. However, the Spanish felt no need to let them keep their wealth and let their civilization completely ruin. Inca ruins are still left today in South America, main one being Machu Picchu, a lost city. Reasons For Europeans to Look to Naval Exploration The reason that the Eurpeans looked to naval exploration was to begin exploring the world by sea in search of trading partners, new goods, and new trade routs. In addition, some explorers set sail simply to learn more about the world. Whatever their reason, the information we have today that was gained through the Age of Exploration has significantly helped with the advancement of georgraphical knowledge. Development of the Eurpean Naval Capabilities Prince Henry the Navigator Until Henry's coastal explorations, Cape Bojador remained the most southerly point known to Europeans on the unpromising desert coast of Africa. In 1427 one of Henry's navigators discovered Azores. The Portugese colonized it in 1430. Henry also functioned as a primary organizer of the Portugese expedition to Tangier in 1437. These are some of Henry's accomplishments in his explorations. Development of New Naval Technologies Astrolabe The origins of the astrolabe came from classic Greece. Appoloniues the great codifier of conic sections, probably studied the strolabe projection. The idea then moved to the Middle East in Islam. And in time it then got to Europe, reason being for the Crusades. It is supposed to be used for locating and predicting the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, and stars. Compass The Compass is a navigational instrument for finding directions on the Earth. It consists of a magnetized pointer free to align itself accurately with Earth's magnetic field, which is of great assistance in navigation. The cardinal points are north, south, east, and west. It is unknown who made it but has a history of being around since the 2nd century. Sextant The sextant is an instrument used to measure the angle between any two visible objects. Its primary use is to determine the angle between a celestial object and the horizon which is known as altitude. The sextant later replaced the David quadrant as the main instrument for navigation. It is also unknown who founded this instrument. Early Exploration Around Africa to Asia Bartholomew Diaz Was one of the first Portugese to round Cape Bojador (1434). No record has yet been found of any adequate record for Diaz. However, when the great Indian expedition was being prepared (for Vasco de Gama's future leadership) Bartholomew only superintended the building and outfit of the ships. Vasco de Gama A Portugese explorer, one of the most successful in the European Age of Discovery, and the first person to directly sail directly from Europe to India. During his journeys, De Gama always tried to convert Indians to Christianity. He brought monks along with him to preach to Indians. He would be very cruel to Muslims who didn't listen and would often use torture. For this he was often thought of as very cruel by the Indians. The Voyages of Christopher Colombus: Colombus' voyage took place during the early decades of the European Age of Exploration, following advances in ship design & navigational instrumentation that enabled Portugese explorers to venture down the African coastline in search of a sea route to India. In 1492, on his first voyage, Colombus set ashore on The New World. There he is known to have traded with Indians and he also wrote about them. The Exploration & Conquest Of The New World Amerigo Vespucci Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian merchant, explorer, & cartographer. Vespucci's voyages became widely known in Europe after two accounts attributed to him were published between 1502 & 1504. He is also known for his name, which is why America is what it's called. Vasco Nunez de Balboa A Spanish explorer, colonial governor, and conquistador. He is known principally for having crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513, becoming the first European to lead an expedition to see and then reach the Pacific coastline of the New World. Ferdinand Magellan A Portugese maritime explorer who, at the service of Spain, led the first successful attempt at world circumnavigation. He did not complete his final, westward voyage, but was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Phillippines. Samual de Champlain "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler, who founded Quebec City on July 3rd, 1608. James Cook An English explorer, navigator, and cartographer. He made 3 voyages to the Pacific Ocean, accurately charting many areas & recording several islands & coastlines on European maps for the first time. His most notable accomplishments were the British discovery & claiming the east coast of Australia. What The Exploration Did For Us The exploration was a time of revolution for everyone. New scientifical technologies were founded and new lands. Many explorers and discoverers are the reason where we're at today. If it wasn't for the Age of Exploration we would not be as civilized and as updated with technology as we are today. The End
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