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Colony & Swarming Behavior In Insects

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delilah n

on 14 September 2014

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Transcript of Colony & Swarming Behavior In Insects

are communities in which insects live in to improve their chances at survival

* Insects that gather in colonies are suggested to be "social" insects.


Colony:
Colony & Swarming Behavior In Insects
Roles in a colony:
Ants
Roles in a colony:
Termites
Roles in a colony:
Honeybees
is a colony of insects that want to accomplish a common goal, such as migrating, collecting food or defending against predators. It usually occurs because the survival rates in the insects increase.
Swarming:
Reason for swarming:

Bees exhibit this behavior when the colony becomes overcrowded with nurse bees thus starts swarming. It is part of the healthy life cycle of every bee, and usually occurs during spring and summer, when the humidity is high.
Honeybees
Reason for swarming:

Ants
Grasshoppers
Summary:
Insects that live in a colony and swarm are at an advantage over insects that do not because in a colony every insect works together, so the insect has less work to do than it would if it were own its own. If the insect were on its own it would have to defend itself against larger predators, find its own food and do everything on its own. At least in a colony every insect helps each other saving more energy. As for swarming the advantage is that it makes it less difficult for an insect to do things they would have a harder time doing on their own like protecting their colony. If only one bee is potecting their hive then it is easier for a predator to attack them, all it would have to do is pass the first bee. Swarming and colony behavior are similar because they both are interactions within a species and are a survival method for them.
The Army
The army is a group of people in our country that work like a colony and also swarm. The army has many different roles, like a colony. Someone can be a cook, doctors, mechanic, or go and fight. They also swarm because they go in large groups at war to protect their colony (the U.S).
Created by:
Delilah Naranjo
Aylene Sicairos
& Alondra Jimenez
Mr. Zembo's
AP Biology Class
Period 1
Reason for swarming:
A grasshoppers role is to first act as a consumer and then they are eaten by a wide variety f animals. Based on what scientists call a "gregarious state" an increase in serotonin may trigger the swarming state of grasshoppers. Weather conditions also affect swarming patterns.
Termites
Reason for swarming:
the reproductive colony, the members known as “alates” will begin coming out from underground colonies and go inside homes, buildings and other structures, in their effort to mate and begin new termite colonies.
Termites work together to gather their resources. To make sure all of the work is completed, each colony includes three levels of termite society. Each termite group is assigned a specific duty that helps keep the colony alive.
Workers- gather food
Soldiers- build shelter
Reproductives- produce and take care of the young

The colony’s king and queen are known as primary reproductives, as they are the original founders of the colony.
Female workers-are responsible for feeding, cleaning, nursing, and defending the colony
Male drones-live only to mate with the queen
A queen bee-lays eggs and secretes a pheromone that sterilizes all other females in the colony

The interaction and communication between individual bees allows them to be productive. They all serve and help support the colony.
An ants role is based on its indirect impact on local populations of many groups, from a decomposer to species higher. They prey on a wide range of animals as well.

Queen(reproductive female)- lays the eggs
Males-live only to mate with the queen
Workers(Non-reproductive females)- care for the queen and her young, build and repair nest, search for food, and protect the colony from predators



One primary reason why ants swarm is to collect food for their colony. Swarm intelligence is highly beneficial to insects like ants for food collection for many reasons. A swarm of ants can find the shortest, easiest way to the best food source and coordinate seeking efforts. Another primary reason for ant swarming is mating.

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