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What is Literature?

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by

Ewan Clark

on 8 December 2015

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Transcript of What is Literature?

English and
American Literature

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
What is Literature?
- Written works with artistic value
- Works that are subject to study
- Works excelling in the
following elements:
form / expression / ideas / having widespread and lasting interest

Desiree's Baby
Roman Fever
Relationships: friendships/motherhood/parent-child
Miles City, Montana
Narrative Voice
- 1st or I-narrator
- 2nd (involving the reader)
- 3rd-person (as omniscient narrator)
- Collective or We-narrator

- Reliability
- Involvement
- Narrator as an authorial tool to:
organise / select / present / describe /comment / address the reader

-
Literary timeline
1620-1750 1750-1800 1800-1870 1870-1900

Puritan and Age of Reason Transcendentalism Realism and
Colonial Literature War of Ind. American Civil War Regionalism

Regionalism
'Local colour' writing in which the focus lies on local aspects of a particular region such as language, culture, geography and race.
Desiree
Race
Armand
Madame Valmond
LaBlanche
Slavery
Unknown origins
Irony
Light and dark
Quadroon boy
Paris
Power and knowledge
Love
Betrayal
Rome as the city of passion and ruins
Barbara and Jenny: daughters following in their mother's footsteps??
Roman Fever: Who has it? What is it?
Third-person narrator: providing objectivity
Jealousy
Memory
Love/hate
History
The twist in the tale: did Delphin know that he was Babs' father? And does it matter?
Motherhood?
Life?
Childhood?
Fate?
Acceptance?
Trust?
Death?
Memory?
Identity?
Drowning
Five Little Ducks
Dead deer on trucks
The
Gothic
Novel
- Gothic, dark romanticism (things about the architecture, atmosphere)
- Powerful feelings, longing for freedom, rebellion
- Wild natural environment, isolation
- Violent and supernatural events
- Strong passions (love, revenge)
- Extreme characters and contrasting values (heaven/earth; life/death;
social ideals/natural realities
- Byronic hero
Frankenstein
mysterious happenings
unfamiliar to readers,
supernatural events, exotic
and vast foreign settings,
death, decay, darkness, and
madness, extremes, gloomy,
dramatic, power-hungry obsession leading
to ultimate downfall

Walton [Victor (monster) Victor] Walton

Framed narratives with a 'pyramid'
or 'Russian doll' structure

Proud, moody, cynical, defiant, misery in heart, revengeful, strong passions, secret and mysterious past, highly intelligent, widely travelled, desirable to women....

The Sublime
Byronic Hero
Philosophy established by Edmund Burke
Contends that something which is beautiful is not necessarily sublime.
Sublimity focuses on the inherent
fear that accompanies something
naturally vast and imposing. It
instills a sense of awe and terror.
Beauty is aesthetically pleasing but doesn't have the power to astonish or destroy us. Sublimity refers to vastness, infinity and inimitability

Romanticism
From city (industrialization) to nature (individual fulfilment, escape)




Reaction against rationalism, science, theories
Looks beyond what can be observed
From religion to atheism
and
rationalism to imagination
6th form
MAKE SURE YOU WATCH
THE FILM ABOUT SHELLEY AND CO. IN GENEVA!
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2bf8ck_frankenstein-and-the-vampyre-a-dark-and-stormy-night_creation
SETTING
Think about how the setting
is linked to the sublime -
ice and frozen wastelands
St Petersburg & Archangel
and the cartoon summary
of the novel on SparkNotes
Full transcript