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Transportation Systems and Their Impact

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Christine Weertz

on 22 April 2014

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Transcript of Transportation Systems and Their Impact

Transportation Systems and Their Impact
Roads and Turnpikes
What is it?
Turnpikes and roads were the first way that people traveled through. When driving on a road, people would have to pay at the toll booth after a group of spikes, called 'turnpikes' would be turned to let the travelers continue.
When was it?
The first American turnpike was created in 1794, thus creating a huge boom in the turnpike industry for over 20 years. By 1821 America was covered in turnpike systems.
Famous Roads and Turnpikes
One of the main turnpikes was the Lancaster Turnpike. which was finished in 1974 causing a major boom of turnpikes for the next 20 years.
Another was the Cumberland Road, also known as the National Pike, to aid western expansion and a unity through the nation.
How did it impact productivity?
Americans benefited from roads/turnpikes, before they expanded travel had been practically impossible. Turnpikes helped but it was still very difficult to transport goods long distances.
How did it change the price of goods?
How they affected regions?
All regions had benefited from roads/turnpikes. they lessened the troubles of travel and moving goods throughout the regions.
How did turnpikes affect the immigration and migration in the U.S.?
What is it?
A steamboat is self explained, it's a boat powered by steam. Steamboats made it easier to transport goods across rivers, lakes, and Oceans. They were successfully created in 1787 by a man named John Fitch.

When was it integrated into the economy?
Famous Steamboats and their creators.
How did it impact productivity?
Steamboats made it easier and faster to transport goods through the u.s. and to foreign countries. Steam boats opened the door to settlement in the west and south (more than it already was). It made it easier to move goods in a water system instead of hard runt down turnpikes.
How did it change the price on goods?
How did it affect the regions?
In 1807, Robert Fulton had constructed the first successful steamer, "Clermont," the boat had gone on a 150 mile expedition. The "pike" was a Steamboat built for travel, in 1819, specifically a high class type of travel.
How did it affect immigration and migration throughout the U.S.?
What is it?
Railroads created social, economic, and political changes to the country. They were the biggest part of the transportation revolution. This mostly took place in the 1800s.
When was it integrated into the economy?
In 1828, the construction of the B&O railroad had taken it's first toll on 5the economy. From then on a huge boom of rail road systems struck through the united states, specifically in the industrial north where factory goods had to be moved from place to place.
Famous railroads and their creators
In 1869 the central Pacific Railroads were built
In 1827 the Baltimore Railroads were created
The transcontinental railroad was a huge factor in the transportation revolution, it connected the east to the west, making the hardships of travel in the United states lessen.
How did it impact productivity?
Railroad systems made it much easier to transfer goods around the country. They were fast and reliable.
How did it change the price of goods?
How did it affect the region?
How did it affect immigration and migration throughout the U.S?
What is it?
How did it change the price of goods?
Famous canals and their creators
When was it integrated into the economy?
How did it affect the regions?
How did it impact productivity?
How did it affect immigration and migration in the U.S?
Three-Fourths of railroads were built in the North. Railroads were a fast way of moving factory goods thought the United states. It made traveling easier and helped the productivity growth of industrialization. The South didn't have railroad systems, but had few railroads lines to distribute goods throughout their agricultural economy. Railroads helped to support settlement and farming in the south, which not only changed America economically but socially as well.
Since moving goods around became much easier and the cost of transferring them lessened, the price of goods went down.
Traveling had become much easier and way more reliable, the rail racks didn't freeze during the winter. It also gave settlers in the prairies a way to sell and buy goods for their needs. People could easily ride a train from the East to the west instead of trying to endeavor turnpikes and their hardships.
Steamboats helped to connect the North and South. They also supported the settlement in the western regions. Most farms were located near Rivers and waterways for the use of steamboats because they could market their goods easier that way. Steamers also made traveling luxurious, setting a huge standard. At the time traveling by steamboat was the most comfortable way to travel.
Steamboats made it much easier to transport goods. They moved 5 miles an hour which was a huge improvement to the water transportation systems of America. This caused the price of goods to go down, but not by much. It also helped farmers' to get more of a profit, thanks to the widespread customers.
The steamboat industry made traveling way more comfortable and up to standard. At the time steamboats were a modern way of travel. Steamboats helped to advertise movement and settlement of the west and further settlement to the south near water ways. They also helped make Port Orleans the most economically and socially active in exports.
In 1807 the first steamboat was successfully launched but there wasn't a hug boom until the 1820s when steamboats not only helped make the transfer of goods faster but made travel through water ways the s way to migrate through the U.S.
Turnpikes had increased the price of goods. Wagons had to pay a toll to go on the road creating a high fee on traveling. Also damages to wagons and their items were very pricey.
Turn pikes made traveling a little less hard. Travelers had to pay toll to go through them but on the upside they improved settlement in the south and north. It also made travel easy to use wagons that carried many items in them.
Canals were man made, built by connecting two or more waterways. Canals were basically a shortcut from one water way to another usually cutting travel time in half.
In 1817 the New York government had approved the construction of the first canal. Afterwords the demand for canals were a phenomenon. In 1830 over 3,000 miles of the U.S. were covered in systems of canals.
Canals had reduced the price of moving goods from 100$ a ton to 5$ a ton. This made goods' prices drastically decline. It also helped industries and farmers get a huge profit because of the widespread market.
Canals lessened the time of travel in half. They also helped to influence the migration into Chicago, and other bay side Cities. Soon enough Chicago was a booming industrial city that had a large collection of export goods. Farmers and Industries could get their products the markets and stores in half the time it would usually take making it much easy to settle in the western states (preferably by water ways).
Canals had made Chicago a booming city, they also made it easy to live and move to western territories and father south. Canals made the industrial north grow due to the cheap expenses and speedy travel. It also advertised the movements and settlements of the west.
The first canal was the Erie Canal, this canal connected the Hudson river to Lake Erie. New York's Governor Dewitt Clinton was the main contributor to building the high speed water way.
Canals made Port cities excel. They had made travel easy, fast, and overall better for the nation. The United states had benefited greatly and was turning into a leading industrial phenomenon. Many farmers and factories made huge profits and could further grow and expand their economies. Productivity had taken a huge boom and America was turning into a huge economical and social success.
What do you think?
What do you think would happen if turnpikes never existed? Do you think the other transportation systems would have been invented?
In your opinion which transportation system impacted the U.S the most? The least?
Were Transportation systems a positive impact on the U.S or a negative impact?
If you were a 1800 transportation inventor, what would you Create? How do you think it would impact the U.S?
Thesis Statement
To summarize the presentation, Transportation systems helped to grow the U.S. in multiple ways. Movements from east to west and further south were influenced by these systems. Economically the U.S was improving into one of the most powerful nations on the planet.
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