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The Causes and Effects of Prohibition
Transcript of The Causes and Effects of Prohibition
With alcohol being illegal moonshine became extremely popular. Moonshine's were illegally made liquors and spirits. The demand for it skyrocketed with no other liquor being available, however the brewers could not meet demand. They started to produce water-downed and sugar-based liquors, very cheap and disgusting compared to previous times.
The Mafia and Organized Crime
With alcohol being illegal, the mafia took full advantage of it. They emerged in the bootlegging business and became very powerful and profitable from it.
George Clarence “Bugs” Moran
Prohibition was thought out to be a great idea and help reduce crime in the cities, however it did the opposite. With an underground bootlegging business, the mafia grew tremendously and now had money to support any of their ideas. While the 18th amendment made the mafia rich, it reduced tax revenue for the government and eventually with the great depressions was one of the key reasons for appealing the amendment.
On December 18, 1917 the US Senate proposed the 18th amendment banning alcohol in the country. Not until January 17th, 1920 Prohibition took into effect.
The 18th amendment
Rise to Power and His Empire
In 1925, Capone became the boss when Torrio, seriously wounded in an assassination attempt, surrendered control and retired to Brooklyn. Capone had built a fearsome reputation in the ruthless gang rivalries of the period, struggling to acquire and retain “racketeering rights” to several areas of Chicago. That reputation grew as rival gangs were eliminated(killed), and the suburb of Cicero became, in effect, a fiefdom of the Capone mob. The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre on February 14, 1929, might be regarded as the culminating violence of the Chicago gang era, as seven members or associates of the “Bugs” Moran mob were machine-gunned against a garage wall by rivals posing as police. The massacre was generally ascribed to the Capone mob, although Al himself was in Florida.
Prohibition was put into law to try and decrease the amount of crime but instead rapidly increased creating huge mafia influences around the country.
While the manufacture, importation, sale, and transport of alcohol was illegal in the United States, Section 29 of the Volstead Act allowed of wine and cider to be made from fruit at home, but not beer. Up to 200 gallons of wine and cider per year could be made, and some vineyards grew grapes for home use. The Act did not prohibit consumption of alcohol. So, many Americans stockpiled alcohol in 1919 before the law was taken into effect.
Capone was born to an Italian immigrant family in Brooklyn, New York in 1899, Al Capone quit school after the sixth grade and associated with a notorious street gang, becoming accepted as a member. Johnny Torrio was the street gang leader and among the other members was Lucky Luciano, who would later attain his own notoriety. About 1920, at Torrio’s invitation, Capone joined Torrio in Chicago where he had become an influential lieutenant in the Colosimo mob
The Tommy Gun was made famous by Capone and other notorious Mobsters
The US Treasury Department were developing evidence on tax evasion charges on Al Capone among others. Capone was found guilty in 1931 and sentenced to 11 years in prison. He served the majority of his tenure at the notorious Alcatraz prison. After his release, he never returned to Chicago and suffered from syphilis until his death in 1947.