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Ten Steps to Improving College Reading Skills

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Cristina Bruce

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Ten Steps to Improving College Reading Skills

Ten Steps to Improving College Reading Skills 1. Vocabulary In Context 2. Main Idea 3.Supporting Detail 4. Implied Main Idea 5. Relationships 1 6.Relationships 2 7. Inferences 8. Purpose and Tone 9.Argument 10.Critical Thinking Vocabulary In Context There are four common types of Context Clues Examples : Examples may suggest the meaning of an unknown word. Synonyms :
A word that means the sameor almost as the unknown
word. Antonyms :
A word that means the opposite of another word. General Sense of the Sentence or Passage:
Sometimes it takes a bit more of detective work to puzzle out the meaning of an unfamilar word; Ask yourself a questionto help guess about the meaning of the unfamilar word. Main Idea Recognizing the main Idea, or point, is the most important key to good comprehension. To find tghe Main Idea of a reading selection, ask yourself, ''What's
the point the author is trying to make? The Main Idea is like the top of the umbrella! Main Idea How about what goes underneath the umbrella? That's right Supporting Details! What are Supporting Details?
They are lessons, examples, facts, steps, OR other
evidence that explain a Main Idea. reasons Facts examples causes evidence WAIT I'M NOT DONE!! There are Major and Minor Details Major Details
explain and develop the main idea. Minor Details
help fill out and make clear the major details. Implied Main Idea The main idea may be implied only suggested by the supporting details and not clearly stated in one sentence. You must figure out such an implied Main idea by considering the supporting details. Let's talk Relationships... Not about couples About.. The author's using two common methods to show Relationships and make their ideas clear. Transitions & Patterns of Organization Transitions are words or phases (like another) that show relationships between ideas. Addition words signal added ideas
AdditionWords: also Next first ( of all ) second ( ly ) Now.. Patterns of Organization Patterns of Organization show the relationships between supporting details in paragraphs, essays, and chapters. Also, time words tell us when something happened in relation to when something else happened. Time Words : before as ( soon as ) after By Not Done Yet!! Relationships 2. Here are three other types of relationships :
Illustration, Comparison, & cause and effect. illistration Words indicate that an author will provide one or more examples; to develop and clarify a given idea. illustration Words : ( for ) example such as to be specific you will find authors using a comparison patter to show how two things are alike; and, contrast patterns to show how they are different. Contrast Words : but , yet , however Comparison Words :
( just ) as , alike, similar ( ly ) Cause and Effect words signal that the author is explaning the reason why? something happened or the result of something happening. Cause & Effect Words : therefore since so Inferences Discovering the ideas that are not stated directly in writing is called make inferences or drawing conclusions Simile - A stated comparison. and there is.. Metaphor - An implied comparison We are almost done!! Purpose & Tone :
The author's reason for writing is also called the Purpose of a selection. Three common purposes are : 1. Inform - To give information about a subject. 2. Persuad - To convince the reader to agree with the author's point of view on a subject. 3. Entertain - To amuse and delight. 2 more to go!! Tone :
The expression of the author's attitude and felling about a subject. author of Twilight HAPPY!! Argument A good Argument is one in which you make a point and provide persuasive and logical evidence to back it up. Point and Support of an Argument Example :
P - You should see a Doctor.
S - You have constant headaches and blurred vision. And the BIG 10 ! Critical Reading Critical readers are those who can evalute an author's support for a point and determine whether that support is solid or not. You can extend your ability to read in three ways : Seperating fact from opinion Detecting propaganda Recognizing errors in reasoning A fact is information that can be proved true throughobjective evidence Opinion is belief, judgment,, or conclusion that cannot be objectively proved true. Detecting Propaganda there are six common propaganda techniques. Bandwagon Testimonial Transfer Plain Folks Name Calling Glittering Generalities And that is the 10 steps to improving your College Reading Skills. Thank You,
By : Cristina Bruce
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