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Expressive Language Disorder

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Molly Coyne

on 27 March 2014

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Transcript of Expressive Language Disorder

Expressive Language Disorder
What are the Characteristics?
What is the Cause?
Developmental ELD
has no known cause. It is thought to involve problems in the cerebral cortex or prenatal issues. It also may have some genetic factors.
In School
Expressive Language Disorder (ELD) is a specific language impairment in which the person has trouble using appropriate expressive language in communication or writing for their age, but has no issue comprehending language.
1918 the National Society for the Study and Correction of Speech Disorders began
1925 the American Speech-Language Hearing Association began
Charles VanRiper began directing attention to communication disorders in 1939, he was the first to state that these were also language disorders because they interfered in the persons life
Following this, research grew and both causes, assessments, and treatments were studied to help those with the disorder
What technological support can be used?
Class Blogs
Software that speaks onscreen text
Word prediction software
Software where pictures, words, or phrases can be selected on screen
Alternative communication devices or apps
What are some accommodations?
Teacher Clarity
Cooperative Learning
Role Playing
Positive Reinforcement
What are the neurological aspects?
What is ELD?
The neurological aspects are still being researched. There is a theory connecting ELD and the cerebral cortex. This plays a role in thought, language, and memory all of which can be affected by ELD.
History of ELD
Identifying ELD
If a child's speech is delayed or are having trouble talking for their age then they should see a
speech therapist
. It's important to do this as early as possible because treatment with a therapist can start right away. A
Verbal IQ test
could be used to diagnose ELD. The child should also be tested for auditory, learning, and cognitive functioning problems to rule them out as a cause for the speech difficulties.
Are there ways to prevent ELD?
Impact of ELD
How would you help a child with expressive language disorder socially in the classroom? How would you make them comfortable talking with peers?

ELD is categorized into two groups:
Both developmental and acquired ELD can have these characteristics:
Late to talk
Below average vocabulary
Improper use of tenses
Problems making complex sentences
Problems remembering words
Problems with grammar
Inflexibility of language
Confusing word meanings
Talking in circles
Repeating others
Unable to start or hold a conversation
Unable to tell an organized story
Hesitating when speaking
3% to 10%
of people have expressive language disorder, and it is more common in males.

Also it has a high
with other disorders including autism, asperger syndrome, ADHD, receptive language disorder, and physical issues such as cleft lips or hearing problems.
Acquired ELD
is not something the person is born with or develops. It is caused by brain damage, strokes, or seizures. It could happen to a person of any age who experience one of these things
Since the cause of
developmental ELD
is unknown, there is no specific prevention. Having a healthy pregnancy and early exposure to language could help.
Acquired ELD
can't necessarily be prevented either depending on the situation. Someone who is prone to strokes or seizures may have treatment that helps them avoid dangerous episodes.
Can't express needs with words, might use gestures or signs that a teacher would need to know
Trouble with oral presentations and writing assignments
Although their understanding is fine, it may seem like they don't understand
Not wanting to talk in class
Not being understood correctly by teachers
Generally have a lot of trouble making and keeping friendships
Usually very shy
Scared of being bullied, which is common
Aren't understood by peers
Afraid of looking like they are stupid or can't understand
Because they can't express what they need or mean, they may get frustrated and react
They tend to be very shy and not want to talk with people even when necessary and may get upset when asked to do so
They may behave poorly in school because it makes them anxious and they express their feelings in their behavior
Students with language difficulties benefit a lot from being in the general education classroom as much as possible because it is where they can get the most exposure to language and practice.
Teacher Clarity
Cooperative Learning
Role Playing
Positive Reinforcement
Teaching in a clear and slowing down speech can help ELD students. Even though they understand what is being said to them, being clear can help them process a response.

They have trouble remembering words and vocabulary so when teaching, especially lecturing, slow and clear speech can help them get the necessary words and remember them.
Using visuals when teaching helps ELD students learn and remember words. If they associate a picture and words they will be able to recall it better when speaking or writing.
Cooperative learning involves putting students in small groups with varying levels of abilities to work on activities so that they will teach each other.
Also helps students with ELD practice their speech and learn through others. Working with peers can benefit their social skills as well.
This is helpful for ELD students to be exposed to language as well as help social skills.
Organizers for notes and writing pieces help ELD students get the main ideas on paper so they can then reference it when speaking or writing.
Generally, students with language disabilities spend 79% of the school day in the classroom
Using positive reinforcement with ELD students when they show good speech, especially when speaking in front of the class which they may not like to do, and writing skills is extremely affective. The student could be used to being constantly corrected, so rewarding them instead can help them remember what they did well.
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