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Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, DRONE

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abdelali derdour

on 27 March 2014

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Transcript of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, DRONE

Summary :
1 - Introduction
2 - Some types of drone
3 - Future civil uses of drone
4 - Conclusion
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, DRONE
Commercial package delivery
Future civil uses
of drone
Commercial aerial surveillance
Commercial package delivery
In February 2014, the prime minister and cabinet affairs minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) announced that the UAE planned to launch a fleet of UAVs for civilian purposes. Plans were for the UAVs to use fingerprint and eye-recognition systems to deliver official documents such as passports, ID cards and licenses, and supply emergency services at accidents.
December 2013 Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos announcement that Amazon is planning rapid delivery of lightweight commercial products using UAVs.
Germany's express delivery and mail company Deutsche Post DHL is testing a drone that could be used to deliver urgently needed goods to hard-to-reach places.
Commercial package delivery
Commercial aerial surveillance
Commercial and motion Picture Film making
Remote Sensing
Oil, gas and mineral exploration
Automobile navigation
... ect
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot.

Its flight is either controlled autonomously by computers or under the remote control of a pilot on the ground

There are a wide variety of UAV shapes, sizes, configurations, and characteristics.

They are usually deployed for military, but also used in a small but growing number of civil applications, UAVs are often preferred for missions that are too dull, dirty or dangerous.

Some types of drone
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, DRONE
Remote sensing
UAV remote sensing functions include electromagnetic spectrum sensors, gamma ray sensors, biological sensors, and chemical sensors.
A UAV's electromagnetic sensors typically include visual spectrum, infrared, or near infrared cameras as well as radar systems.
Biological sensors are sensors capable of detecting the airborne presence of various microorganisms and other biological factors.
Chemical sensors use laser spectroscopy to analyze the concentrations of each element in the air.
Oil, gas and
mineral exploration
UAVs can be used to perform geophysical surveys, in particular geomagnetic surveys where the processed measurements of the Earth's differential magnetic field strength are used to calculate the nature of the underlying magnetic rock structure. A knowledge of the underlying rock structure helps trained geophysicists to predict the location of mineral deposits.
Automobile - Renault Concept Car Packs a Flying Drone in Its Roof
A such drone could serve many other purposes, such as scouting the neighborhood to find someone waiting, offering directions when GPS or Google just won't do (such as when going off-road), or even as a means of providing a better view of exotic locales.
To conclude the benefits of UAV are :
- Does not need, a qualified pilot on board,
- Can be programmed to complete the missionautonomously even when contact is lost,
- Can enter environments that are dangerous,
- Performing visual or thermal imaging of a region.

The desavantages of UAV are:
- Can be hacked or hijacked
- Too small for transportation many materials
- Low resistance to weather
- Cannot refuel in flight

It's not difficult to imagine consumers wanting this option but the most difficult is envision the government allowing them to fly in unrestricted fashion without law to protect privacy and security of citizens.
Aerial surveillance of large areas is made possible with low cost UAV systems.
Surveillance applications include livestock monitoring, wildfire mapping, pipeline security, home security, road patrol, and anti-piracy.
The trend for the use of UAV technology in commercial aerial surveillance is expanding rapidly with increased development of automated object detection approaches.
Commercial and motion Picture Film making
UAVs are cheaper, safer, and easier to use for aerial shots than cranes or helicopters. Drones are currently being used for aerial shots in Hollywood, causing fears that crane operators could lose lucrative filming gigs.
Their drone is custom-designed for a stable camera mount and has a half-hour flight range.

Your questions are welcome :)

Thanks for your attention
Full transcript