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Transcript of Public Health
A Public Health Perspective
Effects on Individual
Effects on Environment
Effects on world
Water pollution is one the health risks
which caused 2 million deaths annually
Air pollution caused approximately
2 millions premature deaths worldwide
Most harmful form of pollution
Some of the main contributors to air pollution are:
Combustion of coal
Noise pollution from cars and construction
Increased air pollution may causes lung cancer, asthma, allergies
Definition: is the introduction of chemical, biological and physical matter into large bodies of water that degrade the quality of life that lives in it and consumes it.
Some of the main contributors to water pollution are:
Waste treatment facilities
Pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers
Failing septic systems
Soap from washing your car
Oil and antifreeze leaking from cars
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways.
Asthma affects people of all ages, but it most often starts during childhood. In the United States, more than 25 million people are known to have asthma. About 7 million of these people are children.
The exact cause of asthma isn't known. Researchers think some genetic and environmental factors interact to cause asthma, most often early in life.
Contact with some airborne allergens or exposure to some viral infections in infancy or in early childhood when the immune system is developing
. Coughing from asthma often is worse at night or early in the morning, making it hard to sleep.
Wheezing is a whistling or squeaky sound that occurs when you breathe.
. This may feel like something is squeezing or sitting on your chest.
Shortness of breath. Some people who have asthma say they can't catch their breath or they feel out of breath. You may feel like you can't get air out of your lungs.
Medicine provided by doctors. Asthma medicines can be taken in pill form, but most are taken using a device called an inhaler. An inhaler allows the medicine to go directly to your lungs.
prevent asthma. However, you can take steps to control the disease and prevent its symptoms.
Pollution Prevention (P2)
How can we use this Information?
Create programs that will educate people about the different types of pollution and the harmful effects it has on the world and those in it.
Advocate for the health and welfare of society by talking with government officials to enforce policies to control pollution
Don't let big companies win.
"The introduction of harmful substances or products into the environment" Google Definition
Prevalence: 22% of the worlds population 15 years and older are smokers. -WHO
Bacteria are a water quality problem in the nation's waters.- EPA
Industrial wastes such as harmful gases and chemicals, agricultural pesticides, fertilizers and insecticides are the most common causes of soil pollution.
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC)
Pollution Prevention Act of 1990
Clean Air Act
Parntership Programs with the EPA
"Reducing or eliminating waste at the source by modifying production processes, promoting the use of non-toxic or less-toxic substances, implementing conservation techniques, and re-using materials rather than putting them into the waste stream." -EPA
Air pollution: major environment-related health
Can be acute and chronic respiratory disease
Outdoor pollutants are known risk factors for respiratory infections
Indoor air pollution from solid fuels is one of the major contributors to the global burden of disease.
indoor smoke can be 100 times higher than acceptable levels for small particles
Promotion of who by promoting safer stove technologies, and air quality
Outdoor air pollution: combustion of fuels for transport, power generation and other human activities like home heating and cooking.
Combustion processes is a mixture of pollutants with two mixture diesel soot particles and lead.
Urban outdoor air pollution is estimated to cause 1.3 million deaths worldwide per year. Children are particularly at risk due to the immaturity of their respiratory organ systems. Those living i
n middle-income countries disproportionately experience this burden. Exposure to air pollutants is largely beyond the control of individuals and requires action by public authorities at the national, regional and even international levels.
Outdoor air pollution
Indoor air pollution
Indoor cooking and heating with biomass fuels (agricultural residues, dung, straw, wood)
Lead to acute respiratory infections and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer.
Mortality rate : 2 million deaths annually with Acute lower respiratory infections, like pneumonia,
Biggest killer of young children in the world
Poor and minority children are more likely to have asthma and their health outcomes are worse. Black children are twice as likely to be hospitalized and four times as likely to die from asthma as white children. In addition, asthma is linked to school performance. Annually, 10.5 million school days are missed due to asthma
Fact By EPA
5- Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts
In May, 2012, the President's Task Force on Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children released the Coordinated Federal Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Asthma Disparities, which is an outcome of the collaborative interagency Asthma Disparities Working Group, co-chaired by HHS, EPA and HUD
Pollution effects everyone.
Those in developed and developing countries are burdened with mortality and morbidity caused by the effects of pollution.
However, in areas with lower levels of pollution individuals have better respritory and cardiovascular health.
"The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) requires its Parties to regularly collect national data on the magnitude, patterns, determinants and consequences of tobacco use and exposure."
World Health Organization. Tobacco Free Initiative. Surveillance and Monitoring.
United States Environmental Protection Agency. Pollution Prevention (P2). Laws and Policy.
National Health, brain, and lung