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Transcript of Map
REDD+ for People and Nature
Building the Map
of practices and achievements
Goal 1: Making REDD+ work for indigenous peoples and local communities
Goal 2: Model Zero Net Deforestation Landscapes
Goal 3: Influencing International REDD+ policy and funding structures.
Madre de Dios
Establish a sub-national REDD/PES programme in the Madre de Dios Region (MDD).
An affordable, technically feasible and effective regional participatory monitoring system designed and tested in coordination with national and regional governments
An integrated communications strategy.
Coordination with other NORAD Grantees promoting readiness in Peru
Reactivation of the REDD+ Roundtable of Madre de Dios.
1. Very difficult to
between WWF and GOREMAD, due to
political and technical inestability and constant changes in government,
almost exclusive focus on mining issues
social and environmental conflicts in the area.
2. lack of
capacity and mistrust
by Indigenous Peoples Groups.
to develop financial mechanisms for REDD payments and to define the rules of the market.
think and plan at the landscape level and learn from other región´s experience (Acre).
MoU are not enough!.
Formally establish guidelines for cooperation and a joint work strategy with regional goverments, especially when there is constant political and technical changes within the government that could affect the sustainability of programs.
It is essential that grassroots organizations participate in REDD+ processes and projects.
It is necessary to help regional goverments to improve transparency, accountability and participation.
Provide opportunities for modelling
approaches that will be taken up at community level, in subnational, national and potentially
international frameworks for REDD+.
The program focus on three landscapes: Indonesia, Peru and DRC..
Our aim is forest protection, emissions reductions and human development.
8.5 million ha.
Most intact area of low lying rainforest in the Preuvian Amazon
World´s largest concentration of bird species, including Peru`s national bird the Andean Cock-of-the-rock, jaguar and tapirs.
Large indigenous reserves supporting indigenous communities of around 5.000 people and the largest PA in Peru: Manu National Park.
Key deforestation drivers
Land use Change
Pollution generated by the use of mercury
in gold mining (40.000 work illegally) and the generation of
suspended solids in the region’s watercourses
coupled with deforestation and soil degradation, are just some of the environmental issues facing Madre de Dios.
Added to this are the
intense social conflicts between indigenous communities and mining colonists
over the possession and exploitation of gold-bearing lands.
Regional monitoring system using LANDSAT and CLASlite analysis protcol.
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
While the use of new and innovative tools like ClassLite has been interesting, it has required a lot of effort and technical results are not we expected. Therefore, we are looking and testing alternative tools to share with GOREMAD.
Need to empower GOREMAD to take leadership to coordinate and develop the carbon baseline
Capacity building and institutional strenghening.
First certification in Environmental Management: REDD+ and MRV with regional University
WWF contributed to the success by coordinating lessons plans and participating as instructors.
Duration: 6 months
55 students participated from local authorities, NGO and indigenous groups
completion of 7 coursed on ecosystem services and MRV, 244 class hours and 34 graduates.
Now is coordinating a monitoring plan to support graduates.
Support to field research to develop new allometric formulas in Southeast Amazon Forest.
This study is the first in its kind in MDD.
Early warning system using MODIS
-hurdles related to the institutional weakness of the UNAMAD
- lay the foundation for similar courses and degrees at this level
- Incorportate government officials in the training so they are empowered to take activity themselves.
- Include high level and international speakers.
- Requieres a lot of local human resources, so it might be helpful to do some of the courses online.
- Have a permanent support staff or advisor for these participants.
Supporting the creation of MDD Enviromental Authority
Alliance with key partners
23 March was the creation of the Environmental Authority of MDD.
Managers of other regions participated and offered their help (Arequipa amd San Martin).
WWF and Consejo Interregional Amazónico -CIAM are technical support for the new organism.
WWF has successful recruited the Peruvian Goverment and its agency CIAM, to commit to conservation, reduce their carbon footbprint and advoate sustainable use of the Amazon.
Traces of change
Working together with the Toulouse Lautrec Institute
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Lac Tumba is part of a continuous landscape extending over 7.8 million ha into DRC.
Tropical moist forest and gallery forests with savannas and swamp forests.
Human population is low, that practice traditional lifestyles based on hunting, fishing and collecting non-timber forest products.
Critical habitat for
bonobos (Pan paniscus)
Key deforestation drivers
Mineral and timber extraction concessions for builiding roads.
Immigration, bush-meat trade and agricultural expansion.
Goal 2: Model Zero Net Deforestation (ZND) Landscapes
Working with indigenous
and local communities
Effective participation of
stakeholders in the project
Effective participation in setting up of the MRV system at the national level
Identification of Drivers of
deforestation at the local level
Validation of the Free,
Prior Informed and Consent
guidelines as a national
Awareness rising campaing on Climate Change
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
working with 5 National Civil Society Organisations on CC.
Territory administrative authorities, more than
and local community (men and women) representatives of
Yumbi, Inongo, Kutu, Mushie and Bolobo
(5 territories of RPAN) were sensitized on Climate change using materials validated by the National REDD Committee.
20 National Civil Society Organizations working with indigenous people and local communities learnt about FPIC after a workshop conducted on the topic.
A field mission was organized to test the process and learn lessons from local communities
Validated draft of FPIC methodological Guidelines was adopted by the National REDD Committee.
Integration of the participatory microzoning and formal recognition of land tenure.
and land use maps were produced after a participatory mapping of
15 communities engaging 750
community members of the “Chefferie of Bateke Nord in Bolobo territory of Bandundu province.
Building capacity of national NGOs to participate in the REDD+ process.
Capacities of 20 National Civil Society
Organizations were built on climate change
Training materials produced validated by both National and Interministerial committees of DRC.
WWF/DRC was also appointed as an active member of the REDD National Committee of monitoring of Social and Environmental Safeguards.
Development of the Maï Ndombe integrated REDD+ approach at the district level .
Concept note drafted with REDD NC and presented for FIP funding.
The DRC became the first pilot country with a validated national strategic plan by the international FIP authority.
Community participation and mobilization for REDD at landscape level in the Lac Tumba region of the DRC.
-The actual state of the impact of deforestation and degradation around the 6 pilot communities.
-The study of drivers of deforestation in 29 sites showed principals causes of deforestation for the área
- Included in ER-PIN program proposal.
Workplan developed with key actors in National Forest Assessment to implement FAO methodology.
FAO, JICA, OSFAC – Observatoire Satellital des Forêts d'Afrique Centrale, OFAC - Observatoire des Forêts d'Afrique Centrale, the REDD National Committee and others
Development of the MRV system to be used at the community level
The project is being recognized as a pilot for the development of the MRV at the community level which lead to the integration of data at the national level
Administrative and traditional authorities at all level, civil society organizations, local community and indigenous peoples’ representatives are among direct participant of the project implementation
Active participation at COP 17 in 4 different side events: .
Goal 3. Influencing National and International REDD+ policy
Political situation due to presidential election protets, change in leadership at the top of the MECNT, ilegal logging, world economic crisis, goverment delay on politices and ations for REDD.
-Project is working closely with REDD NC in order to make sure that was is tonde in the field has been validadted and approved by the competent authority.-Despite the fact that área is big, 5 sites per territory were visited, at least 1000 people have received training o CC-5 CSO were identified, trained and went to the field for CC sensititization.
-Work closely with the national REDD authority and consult before taking to many steps. This helps to have a clear understanding of both visions and give support to each other.
Let the targeted stakeholders take the lead.
This helps to be seen as the one who gives support.
Empower national civil society organizations so that they can give support to local community and Indigenous people organizations.
-Design steps for field intervention
-Make sure that what is done is officially recognized.
-Share field experiences at all level (local, provincial, national and international)
Promote REDD+ Readiness in Peru
About your projects
About what you´ve learned
Reporting successes is a priority.
Little critical reflection
Do not show what is going wrong very clearly
Each team has its own way of reporting
•There is no critical reflection about the difference from the situation at the start of the project and the findings that occurred during its development.
•Many lessons learned don´t represent a recommendation from project implementaion, rather basic assumptions in project design. E.g. it is necessary to work with other stakeholders...
•Format and style does not help to see transformations that people, institutions and organisations went through.We need to complement them with other communication strategies.
Not clear WHO is working in your team..
WHO are your implemenation partners
Securing HOB´s forest for carbon and environmental services through equitable benefit sharing mechanism and market transformation.
RPAN in Indonesia and Kutai Barat
Goal1: Making REDD work for indigenous people
Goal 2: Model ZND landscapes
Goal 3: Influencing REDD International policy
REDD+ comic published with 1000 copies
WWF as member of Indonesian delegation to UNFCCC
WWE member of Presidential working unit for superviison and management of development in financial and safeguards section.
village forest regulations
by providing advice, capacity buliding and awereness in 5 villages.
Identified 4 potential Community Conservation Areas
WWF together with Distric Forestry Service achieved that 57,2000 ha are recoginsed as Village forests (Hutan Desa) and 17,000 has as community forests (HTR)
Developing the baseline data on the reference emission level and carbon stock in the Kutai Barat landscape.
Promoting alternative forest use
: by facilitaing 6 communities to implement small gran program for commuity nurseries and agroforestry development.
Assessing FPIC implementation in WWF projects:
with Mulawarman University and Provincial Forestry Council (DKD). WWF is conducing villages interviews and surveys to identify if FPIC is being followed in WWF projects.
WWF invited by district goverment to be involved in the next five year development plan.
Government already adopted WWF ideas on: carbon governance (REDD+), community-based forest management (CBFM), community-based ecotourism development, and renewable energy
Regional decree mandates WWF participation in all of Kutai Barat’s official Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEA) that are required for all plans and programs
Development of several analysis that are the
basis for district government to develop Strategic Environment Asssessment (SEA)
as required to guide District Spatial Planning:
-Analysis of High Conservation Value Areas,
-Responsible Cultivation Areas have been developed,
-degraded lands analysis (for land swaps with oil palm plantations).
Field based carbon accounting by
Mulawarman University with samples in community forest, timber concessions and ex-mining concessions for developing allometric equations.
Analysis of carbon stock in Kutai Barat through satellite imagery analysis.
Strengthening PES scheme: through micro-hydro project WWF facilitated communities in two villages to make agreements for payments and maintenance of station.
Key deforestation drivers
Kutai Barat District,
East Kalimantan Province
3.2 million ha
223 villages with 168.000 people (low population density)
Forests sustainably managed by customary institution and Dayak communities.
Palm oil plantations
Mining for coal, gold and copper
One of the mosts important centers for biodiversity in the world, with high endemisms and new species
1. How practically to acieve secure sustainale management at large, resilent high carbon forerst ecosystems across the world´s tropical forest on the scale necesary to stablise carbon level and climate patterns?
2. How to effectively engage forest dependen communities and civil society as key agents of and beneficiaries from large forest ecosystem and forest carbon management in partnership with governments and other actors?
Sub national or landscape level
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Tools for effective engagement of civil society organisations
Partner with local communities and indigenous peoples to develop, adapt and apply land use planning.
WWF partners with CSO, local populations and IPs to demonstrate land use planning that stabilizes the emissions from nearly 15.5 million ha.
REDD strategies and REDD methodologies from demonstration activities at local level.
Lessons from communities, landscapes and national levels will be taken at global level to influence participation requierements and deforestation commitments in global REDD mechanisms, institutions, and early action financing.
Ensure that IP and LC
and that their
rights are addressed
in REDD initiatives in three countires, in ways that
contribute to poverty reduction
and generate broader
lessons and methodologies
to inform REDD policy at national and international levels.
Demonstrate pathways to ZND in three landscapes that achieve effective management of carbon stocks and other forest conservation values,
delivering benefits for local and indigenous communities and influencing the development of national REDD strategies and architecture.
Influence international and national commitments, funding arrangements and insstitutions for REDD t
o ensure recognition of biodiversity conservation and local community development.
Partnership with other institutions
will be a key to project success as REDD+ is to complex to be handled by WWF alone. -
tegration of REDD+ readiness into other project will much more effective
in order to balance REDD+ project readiness to the implementation of conservation priorities in this area. RPAN is not a standing alone project at WWF in Kuatai Barat. It is integrated into spatial planning forest concession management, sustainable palm oil, local livelihoods, etc.
ordination within WWF o
ther thematics internally such as HOBNI, WWF International Forest Program, Market Transformation Innitiative and externally with local stakeholders, national REDD+ framework that now being develop and in updating to UNFCCC result of negotiation with be the key of the project to be success.