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The Brain and Language Learning

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Ricardo Nausa

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of The Brain and Language Learning

connects all the brain functions
Remembers how to
breath
move
(basic motor functions) rational or reasoning part of the brain
made up of neurons
neurons form ideas Memory 1

Memory 2

Memory 3

.
.
.

Memory 2'348.007

and counting... Studies on the Brain (PET Scans) PET (Positron Emission Tomography) Red and yellow = Greatest amount of brain activity Blue = least amount of brain activity listening reading Listening reading The Brain Understanding it to improve the process of learning (the English) language Parts of the Brain and Research Language skills Natural patterns are not the same for different languages. Two different languages might be located in completely different sections of the brain. The amygdala has the power to contract all of the energy, all of the glucose to all the rest of the brain. Types of (Long-term) Memory Procedural Memory Semantic Memory Episodic Memory No consciousness

No attention

No concentration

Automatic Concepts Facts Words Voiced vs Voiceless /t/ is a voiceless sound "voiceless" Memory of events in the past Bad Learning Experiences There is evidence to suggest that you are not actually able to remember the facts of the moment. Sensorial Learning Words Experience determines the way you learn We cannot insist that students become unified and all learn in the styles we learned in. Information Processing Systems How do we actually impact memory? Fast The emotional part of our brain is working in particular and is very good for focusing our attention on things which need attention at times of particular stress. Slow You are able to think about things, analyze them, consider immediate reactions and perhaps adapt them to new situations. Part of the learning process involves managing to delay the reactions of the fast processor and develop the slow processor far more the fast processing system is the one which leads to many of the stereotypes we have when we learn someone’s nationality Making language memorable Novelty Needs Emotions The brain decides in a period of 0.7 seconds which information it is going to keep and which information it is going to reject. The brain decides in a period of 0.7 seconds which information it is going to keep and which information it is going to reject. The brain likes new things. Change your Strategies In a negative environment you won’t remember the important things, the facts, and you won’t be able to process information in a calm rational way. Pinky & the Brain Thanks!

Do not forget to keep your brain active! “Do you think in English?”

Many things we do with language happen unconsciously and automatically

What's your name?

Count from 1 to 10

Greeting the way we store information Perception

Which one is longer? Perception:

Can you read this?

Your brain completes the borders The hippocampus encodes all these memories and they are stored in different areas of the brain
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