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LCMS Art Exam Study Guide

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Megan Rincón

on 2 September 2018

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Transcript of LCMS Art Exam Study Guide

The Elements of Art
THE BUILDING BLOCKS USED BY ARTISTS TO CREATE A WORK OF ART

Line Color Value Texture Shape Form Space
Color
Produced by the way our vision responds to different wavelengths of light. All come from the three primaries (red, yellow, and blue) and black and white. Has three properties - hue, value, and intensity.
C
O
L
O
R
Line
Line is the path of a point moving through space. It defines the position and direction of the design.
Art SBA Study Guide
Value
Value refers to the relative lightness and darkness and is perceived in terms of varying levels of contrast.
Value [cont.'d]
Texture
Texture refers to the way a surface feels (actual/3D) or how a surface looks like it would feel (implied/2D).
Shape
An enclosed space that has length and width, and is 2D (two-dimensional). It can be geometric (regular) or organic (freeform, irregular). A shape is created when a line is connected end-to-end.
Form
An object that has depth, length, and width and resides in space. Forms are 3D (three-dimensional).
Space
Refers to the area in which art is organized. The distances or areas around, between or within objects.
S
P
A
C
E
Principles of Design
Concepts used to organize or arrange the structural
elements of art.
Contrast Rhythm
Emphasis Movement
Pattern Balance
Unity / Harmony Variety
Emphasis
Refers to the created center of interest or focal point, the place in an artwork where your eye first lands.
Contrast
Creating tension between opposites. Can be the use of several elements of art to hold the viewer's attention and to guide the viewer's eye through the artwork.

LARGE/SMALL DARK/LIGHT
SOFT/HARD BLACK/WHITE
DULL/BRIGHT
How the visual weight is distributed within a work of art. Balance determines the symmetry of the artwork.

Three types: Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Radial
Unity/Harmony
Using something common in all parts of a work of art to tie things together. Artists typically use repeated elements (shapes, colors, lines, etc.) to create unity within a design.
U
N
I
T
Y
Pattern
Repeating a shape, color, line, or object in a predictable way. Pattern can be exact or varied, and establishes a visual beat.
Movement
Like in music and dance, creating organized movement through repeated elements (colors, shapes, lines, values, forms, spaces, and textures).
Rhythm can establish pattern and texture. There are many different kinds, rhythm & movement can work together to create a visual beat.
Proportion
The size relationship(s) between figures and other objects in a work of art. The relative size of parts of a whole.

SCALE LIFE-SIZE MONUMENTAL MINIATURE IDEALIZED EXAGGERATED
Various shading techniques (hatching, cross-hatching, stippling, etc.) can be used to create this element in a work of art.
Also one of the three properties of color.

Tint = color + white
Shade = color + black
Space can be: Positive (areas of interest) or Negative (empty); Open or Closed; Shallow or Deep; Two-dimensional (illusion of depth) or Three-dimensional (architecture/sculpture)
Variety
Creating interest by using a wide range of elements of art. Artwork that uses many different colors, forms, values, lines, textures, and shapes demonstrates this principle.
Elements of Art, Principles of Design, and all other important vocabulary
Art Critique
An evaluation of a work of art. Should include constructive criticism: the process of offering valid and well-reasoned opinions about the work of others, usually involving both positive and negative comments, in a friendly manner rather than an oppositional one.
Collaboration
Working together in a group to achieve common goals.
Composition
How the various elements/forms of a work are arranged. The placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, It can also be thought of as the organization of the elements of art according to the principles of design.
Hue
One of the three properties of color. The color itself (e.g. blue, red), refers to the color's position in the light spectrum; each __________ has a definite position and wavelength in the spectrum.
Intensity
One of the three properties of color. The quality of light in a color; the brighter and duller colors of the same hue.

Higher saturation = higher _____________
Sketch (Sketchbook)
A early drawing or rough draft created at the beginning of the design process.
(The book where these early drawings are created.)
Artistic Style
The distinct way an artist uses and combines the elements of art and principles of design to create his/her artwork. Each artist has his/her own unique ___________ ___________ .
Objective Art
aka representational art - represents a person, place or thing in the natural world.
Non-Objective Art
aka non-representational art - DOES NOT represent a person, place or thing in the natural world. Usually, the content of the work is its color, shapes, brushstrokes, size, scale, and, in some cases, its process.
Surreal Art
Art created to express the imagination and dreams, free of the conscious control of reason.
Salvador Dali is the best known artistic of this movement.
Abstract Art
Art that represents subjects from reality (people, places, things) but presents them in way that is different from the way they are viewed in our reality. This may take the form of emphasizing lines, shapes, or colors that transform the subject.
Landscape
A work of art (drawing, painting, print, etc.) that features scenes of nature: mountains, lakes, gardens, rivers, etc.
Portrait
An artistic representation of a person, in which the face is the focus. The goal is usually to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person.
Linear Perspective
When an artist uses lines to create depth (depicting a 3D space on a 2D surface).
One-Point Perspective
When an artist uses linear perspective in combination with a single vanishing point.
Horizon Line
In linear perspective, the horizontal line at eye level that separates the land from the sky.
Vanishing Point
In linear perspective, the point where all lines meet or disappear.
Art Medium
The materials an artist uses to create his/her artwork.
Aesthetic
Something that DOES NOT serve a practical, functional purpose, and is created purely for beauty or visual reasons (ex: most artwork-painting, sculpture, collage).
Utilitarian
Something that serves a practical, functional purpose (ex: umbrella, pencil, scissors, chair, vase).
Drawing
Painting
A two-dimensional work of art made using materials like watercolor, acrylic, tempera, or oil paint.
Printmaking
Art form used to create multiple copies of the same image, usually on paper but occasionally on fabric, parchment, and/or plastic. Usually involves the transfer of ink/paint from one surface to another.
Collage
A work of art that is made by attaching small pieces of different materials (such as paper, cloth, or wood) to a flat surface.
A material, made from paper pulp or shreds of paper mixed with glue, that can be molded into various shapes when wet, and becomes hard and suitable for painting when dry
Papier-mâché
Craftsmanship
Neatness and attention to detail within a work of art.
A building or space created to display and collect artwork, which is typically organized in various exhibits or collections.
Art Museum
Museum Curator
A person who studies the history of art and artists.
Art Historian
Safety Protocols
Rules and procedures established in the classroom to ensure the safety of the students and teachers, as well as the preservation and maintenance of art materials and tools.
Art in any media that has been planned and created with the goal of being placed in a public space, usually outside and accessible to all. Art made for the community and its visitors to enjoy and experience.
Public Art
Plagiarism
The practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own.
The legal protection given to published works, which prevents anyone but the author/artist from reproducing or selling them.
Copyright
Public Domain
Something that is available and free for public use, and therefore not subject to copyright laws.
A framework or supporting core around which a sculpture is built.
Can be made of wire, wood, newspaper, foil, cardboard or balloons
Armature
A three-dimensional work of art. Can be made using many different materials like metal, wire, clay, paper, papier-mâché, etc.
Sculpture
Ceramics
A two-dimensional work of art made using materials like pencil, pen, crayon, marker (not paint).
The manager/overseer of an art museum, who is in charge of the preservation and interpretation of the collection.
Art form involving the creation of clay sculptures, hardened by heat in a kiln.
Please write
YOUR NAME
and
PERIOD
at the top of each page
You may work with a partner or in a group of 3 to complete the study guide
Each student needs to turn in a completed study guide
worth 50 points (1 point per term)!
Resources: *** ALL ON ECAMPUS! ***
CRAM.COM: www.cram.com/user/ruckelme
Click on 2D or 3D flashcard set
***OR SEARCH FOR "LCMS 2D/3D ART"***
YOUR NOTES: Elements & Principles Books and vocab. notes in your art folder
THIS PREZI: www.prezi.com - search for "LCMS Art Exam Study Guide"
Show me your study guide once it's complete to earn your 50 points, then take the practice test(s) or play the review games on Cram.com to prepare for your exam
Art Exam Study Guide
Bellwork 5/16/16
What is ARTISTIC STYLE?
PORTFOLIOS 5/17/18
CLEAN OUT & TAKE HOME YOUR ART PORTFOLIO
KEEP SKETCHBOOK HERE - PLACE IN YOUR CLASS PERIOD BOX!
IF YOUR EMPTY PORTFOLIO/FOLDER IS STILL INTACT (NO RIPS/TEARS) WE CAN REUSE IT NEXT YEAR - LEAVE IT ON THE TABLE NEXT TO MY DESK!
THROW AWAY ANY UNWANTED PAPERS/PROJECTS - IN DUMPSTER (NOT TRASH CANS)!
TAKE HOME ANYTHING YOU WOULD LIKE TO KEEP (FOLDER, ELEMENTS/PRINCIPLES BOOKS, STUDY GUIDE)
COLOR SCHEMES
PRIMARY:
Red, Yellow, Blue
SECONDARY:
Green, Orange, Purple
COLOR SCHEMES
WARM:
Red, Orange, Yellow
COOL:
Green, Blue, Purple
COLOR SCHEMES
ANALOGOUS:
NEIGHBORS on the
color wheel
COMPLEMENTARY:
OPPOSITES on the
color wheel
FINAL 3D ART EXAM TODAY!
Find a computer and have a seat
You have 10 minutes to study before we'll take the exam -

use Cram flashcards, study guide, or Prezi on eCampus
Login to eCampus, click on your 3D art class, click "Quizzes" on the left-hand side, then click on "Exploring 3D Art Final Exam"
ACCESS CODE:
You have as much time as you need to answer all 57 multiple choice questions
If you finish early, you may read, sketch (on your own paper or Windows Paint), or work on homework (on computer or paper-based) while everyone else is finishing the test
Once everyone is done, we will return to the classroom
BELLWORK 5/12/16
What is an Art Critique?
List the 4 steps of an art critique.
FINAL 2D ART EXAM TODAY!
Find a computer and have a seat
You have 10 minutes to study before we'll take the exam -
use Cram flashcards, study guide, or Prezi on eCampus
Login to eCampus, click on your 2D art class, click "Quizzes" on the left-hand side, then click on "Exploring 2D Art Final Exam"
ACCESS CODE:
You have as much time as you need to answer all 57 multiple choice questions
If you finish early, you may read, sketch (on your own paper or Windows Paint), or work on homework (on computer or paper-based) while everyone else is finishing the test
Once everyone is done, we will return to the classroom
BELLWORK 5/11/16
What is contrast?
How did you create contrast on your plaster hand sculpture?
BELLWORK 12/7/17
What are the 7 Elements of Art?
BELLWORK 12/12/17
What are the 8 Principles of Design?
BELLWORK 5/17/16
What is the difference between a
UTILITARIAN
and an
AESTHETIC
object?

Revisit your BLUE Art Tracking Scale (should be in very front of art folder)

Mark your "POST" column on the back (Elements/Principles learning goal)
Have you improved or
stayed the same?

ART TRACKING SCALE
Balance
Making a visual path that leads your eye through a work of art. Movement can set a mood or convey a feeling.

Three Types:
Kinetic:
actual physical moving parts
Recorded Action:
shift eyes to follow action
Compositional:
comparing positions of stationary objects/space within a design
Dr. Harold Edgerton,
Densmore Shute
, 1938
Photo: a 1/100,000-second strobe flashed every 1/100 second to make this image
Compositional
Movement
Allan Houser, Desert Dweller, 1990, Bronze
Vincent van Gogh, Starry Night,
1889, oil on canvas
Recorded Action
Rhythm
CYCLE
OF
CLAY
-
DESCRIBE
: when one explains exactly what he/she sees in the artwork

-
ANALYZE
: one determines how an artist applied the elements of art and/or principles of design in a work of art

-
INTERPRET
: when one determines and explains the meaning or mood of a work of art

-
DECIDE:
when one determines whether or not a work of art is successful in conveying its intended message or mood
4 STEPS OF AN ART CRITIQUE:
BELLWORK 2/2/17
Which
Elements of Art
definitions do you still need to add to your book?
Which
Principles of Design
definitions do you still need to add to your book?
**BOOKS WILL BE CHECKED THIS WEEK IN CLASS**
Full transcript