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Copy of AZTECS

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on 2 April 2017

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Transcript of Copy of AZTECS


Class structure in the Aztec empire was like a pyramid. Most of the people in the aztec empire were at the bottom.The lower down you are in the pyramid the less power you have.
AZTECS Origins
Class structure pyramid
Aztec government officials,priests,military leaders
ruler was known as semi-divine
which means more than human but not a full god .The ruler was at the top of the ranking class with the most power.He also decided when to wage war.


Where every class has a role.
Government officials-
Governed the city's four districts.
Counseled the emperor,and worked as judges.
Conducted all religious rites and served individual gods.
Military Leaders-
Commanded groups of soliders
Took part in war councils.
The broad class of commoners included
several smaller classes.The highest-ranking commoners were professional
traders called "pochteca."Below pochteca came craftspeople and artisans.Most commoners were farmers,fishers,
laborers,and servants.
About 30% of the Aztec people were
peasants. People in this class were free and often hired as servants to nobles. They were considered inferior to commoners.
At the bottom of the Aztec society were the slaves who were prisoners of war, lawbreakers, or Aztec citizens who had incurred massive debts.
Aztec slaves had a number of rights like owning land,goods,and even other slaves.
Children were born free, since their parent's status didn't pass down to their children.
-In the mid 1200s C.E. the Aztecs, who were originally hunter-gatherers, were pushed
away by several indigenous groups.
The Aztec empire was a great one,but in the end they were defeated by the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes, who destroyed their great empire in 1521 C.E...but
that's another topic!
C R E E P Y !!!!!!!!
- Mesoamerican people who built a vast
empire in central Mexico.
-The Aztec Empire
flourished from 1428 to 1521 C.E.,when it was destroyed by invaders from Spain.
-the Aztecs are
also known as the "Mexica,"
a name they gave to the Mexican people
Aztecs -
A model of reconstructed Tenochtitlán is featured at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City.
"The buildings rising from the water, all made of stone, seemed like an enchanted vision."

-Bernal Diaz del Castillo (one of the Spaniards traveling with Cortes)
before building the city, Aztecs had to reclaim land by digging drainage canals & piling up earth to form terraces firm enough to support buildings.
The magnificent city grew quickly, eventually housing almost 200,000 people!
City was divided into 4 quadrants, with a ceremonial plaza at its center dominated by the Templo Mayor (Great Temple) with its twin temples dedicated to the war god and rain god
Templo Mayor (Great Temple)
Thousands of captives were sacrificed atop this temple as the Aztecs saw it as an offering to their gods
During the ceremony, guards escorted the bound victims up to the top where a priest would cut open a victim's chest and rip out the heart, which they offered to the gods; afterward, the lifeless bodies were rolled down the steps and beheaded and the skulls were displayed on a giant rack
-In 1325 the Aztecs
took refuge on the island of Texcoco
where one of the priests saw an eagle perched on a cactus
-Believing this to be an omen from a god, the Aztecs set about building a city they called
this city

would become
the capital of the Aztec Empire & later be called "Mexico City"
Full transcript