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1920's Popular Music Genres
Transcript of 1920's Popular Music Genres
The center where Broadway flourished in 1920 was New York City. Here, musicals originated and developd into pieces of art. Composers of Broadway music include Cole Porter and Irving Berlin. Boradway plays became musical films once sound was added to silent flims. Broadway music combines older techniques and new styles that are supposed to tell a story. The stories of Broadway are meant to mirror the time period.
Musical Innovations/ Strides
- In the 1920's, the loudspeaker was invented by Chester W. Rice and Edward Washburn Kellogg. The speaker made audio quality impressively better.
- In 1928, Fritz Pfleumer made the magnetic tape. This tape aided listeners in that they could record and then play-back audio.
Blues is known to have originated in the Southern states of America in the African American community around the beginning of 1900. According to "1920's Music", Blues integrated personal struggles with a twelve bar structure. This genre gained popularity in the 1920's, but audiences enjoyed Jazz most. Blues would often have repetition in relation to chords and, in the 1920's, a twelve bar structure.
Jazz orgininated in New Orleans with the African American community's renaissance, but became extremely popular in the 1920's. Jazz became so well liked in this time period that the 1920's were named the "Jazz Age". The use of the saxophone and trumpet was very important in Jazz music. Jazz mixes together many different styles and improvisation to create a unique sound. The syncopation of rhythm is another key element of Jazz.
FACTS FOR 1 COMPOSER AND 1 PERFORMER
Jazz: Some popular performers of the
"Jazz Age" include Louis Armstrong,
Duke Ellington, and Jelly Roll Morton.
Blues: Popular performers of this genre include
Mamie Smith, Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, Lonnie Johnson.
Broadway: Perfomers include Eddie Cantor,
Sophie Tucker, Fanny Brice, and Helen
COMPOSER: George Gershwin, who was an important figure in Broadway music outshined his contemporaries with his song "Rhapsody in Blue".
He was greatly influential and attempted to combine classical music with 1920's Jazz. Gershwin has a brother whom he collaborated with on some of his pieces name Ira Gershwin.
PERFORMER: Louis Armstrong was one of the most well-known Jazz players of the 1920's. He was African American who grew up in New Orleans. Armstrong was gifted in playing the trumpet, which aided his career as a Jazz musician. His famous quote summarizes his opinion on Jazz music: "If you have to ask what jazz is, you'll never know."
Types of Listeners
Jazz: At the beginning of its invention, the predominant listeners of Jazz were African American. Then, Jazz spread to the Caucasians, where it flourished with wide-spread popularity. Many poor inviduals enjoyed this type of music.
Blues: Blues listeners remained mostly centralized with where it began: the African American communtiy. However, there were Caucasian individuals who enjoyed this type of genre. Blues listeners gravitated towards the genre because they enoyed the soul feel.
Broadway: Listeners of Broadway varied between African American and Caucasian, depending on
the tunes and storyline. People who enjoyed interesting stories combined with music leaned toward this genre
Jazz: Many audiences enjoyed this genre as soon as they heard it. Jazz became extremely popular because it appealed to the audience's ears while also being a symbol, for some, of pushing the barrier of segregation because Jazz was predominately performed by African Americans.
Blues: This genre was very well liked by most individuals, mainly African Americans. Blues appealed to the soul with its sometimes heartbreaking and sometimes witty lyrics.
Broadway: Broadway music gained more popularity once it was introduced in films and was able to be spread world-wide. Before, musicals were mainly performed in NYC and one would have to travel to witness and hear them.
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