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19th Century Opera

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koeun lee

on 28 October 2015

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Transcript of 19th Century Opera

19th Century Opera: Koeun Lee
19th Century German Opera
I. influenced by 18th century romanticism
a. common elements of hero worship, return to nature, idealism, and fantasy found in 19th century German opera
French Grand Opera & Opéra Comique
After the French Revolution (1789), spectacular and melodramatic operas became popular
Early-Nineteenth-Century Italian Opera
In Italy, the voice remained master of the orchestra, and melody, presented with clarity and directness, ruled out overly polyphonic writing

early masters: Rossini, Donizetti, and Bellini
Verdi and the Late Nineteenth Century in Italy
The dominant Italian composer in the second half of the 19th cent. was Giuseppe Verdi, whose operas epitomized the lyric-dramatic style of the Italian school
Russian Opera
Russian opera was marked by the nonnational romanticism of Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky in Eugene Onegin (1879), after Pushkin's poem, and The Queen of Spades (1890). On the other hand, Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov added the dimension of folklore and fantasy in May Night (1880), The Snow Maiden (1881), and in his last opera, The Golden Cockerel (1909)
Ludwig van Beethoven's only opera: Fidelio (1805, rev 1814) *set against the background of French rescue opera and the theme of personal freedom versus political tyranny*
performed at Vienna's Theater an der Wien
revived and performed at Theater am Karntnertor
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute) - point of departure of German's romantic opera for other operas to pave the way for grandiose music dramas of Richard Wagner

Richard Wagner's Rienzi, der Letzte der Tribunen (Rienzi, the Last of the Tribunes, 1842) - his first success

Tannhäuser and the Singers' Contest at Wartburg Castle, 1845

Tristan und Isolde, 1865

Parsifal, 1882
Daniel François Esprit Auber's La Muette de Portici ( The Mute Girl of Portici, 1828)
Salle Le Peletier
Bizet's Carmen (1875)
Full transcript