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Sherlock Holmes

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Holly Kilgore

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of Sherlock Holmes

Sherlock Holmes
Main Characters
Dr. John Watson and Sherlock Holmes

The story begins with Dr. John Watson, the narrator, settling in London to recover from a wound and illness he sustained while acting as a military doctor during the Second Afghan War. One day he runs into an acquaintance, Stamford, while at a bar. Watson confides in his friend that he needs a new living arrangement, as his previous one was too expensive. Stamford responds that another friend of his has also expressed this desire, and takes Watson to the university laboratory where his friend –Sherlock Holmes –is working on an experiment.

Stamford gives some background information on Holmes, such as the fact that his true profession is unknown, that he is eccentric and brilliant, and that his knowledge is specialized but diverse. After discussing their personal idiosyncrasies, Holmes and Watson decide to live together. Watson watches the enigmatic Holmes and notes his strange behavior and interests. The living arrangement proves itself pleasant for both men.
A Study In Scarlet
Author: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Genre: Mystery

Mystery fiction is a genre of fiction typically focused on the investigation of a crime.
The conflict is Sherlock racing against time to find Mary's father and see where the writer of the note wants to take them.
Mood: humerous

Theme: Justice

Sherlock wants justice for miss morstan and the person causing the trouble wants justice for his friends and the item that was stolen from them.
Mood: Humerous


The motivation of the murderer is to exact his revenge on the two men responsible for the deaths of his love, and her father. A good portion of the novel is dedicated to the telling of his story about how he was wronged and how he planned to wreak vengeance on the two men.
When: 1881

Where: London, england
The Sign of Four
Author: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Genre: Mystery
sherlock holmes is the original detective, and himself is the archetype
Favorite Passage
“My mind," he said, "rebels at stagnation. Give me problems, give me work, give me the most abstruse cryptogram or the most intricate analysis, and I am in my own proper atmosphere. I can dispense then with artificial stimulants. But I abhor the dull routine of existence. I crave for mental exaltation. That is why I have chosen my own particular profession, or rather created it, for I am the only one in the world.”
Versions of Sherlock and Watson
The Adventures of
Sherlock Holmes
(TV Show 1984)
Sherlock Holmes
(Movie 2009)
(TV Show 2010)
(TV Show 2012)
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle:
Born: May 22, 1859 in Edinburgh, Scotland
He was knighted (“Sir Arthur”) in 1902 for his work in Boer War propaganda (particularly the pamphlet The War in South Africa: Its Cause and Conduct) — and, some said, because of the publication of The Hound Of Baskervilles.
In 1900 and 1906 he ran unsuccessfully for Parliament.
Doyle died on July 7, 1930 from heart disease at his home, Windlesham, Sussex

Sherlock Holmes stories have been translated into more than fifty languages, and made into plays, films, radio and television series, a musical comedy, a ballet, cartoons, and comic books.
Doyle killed off the detective in The Final Problem, but after a nevative response of the fans, which resulted in them wearing black armbands in the streets as a sign of mourning, he brought Holmes back to life 10 years later in 'The Adventure of the Empty House'.
Doyle was on the same cricket team as Peter Pan writer JM Barrie
Doyle was also friends with Bram Stoker, and Robert Louis Stevenson was a fellow classmate at the University of Edinburgh.
Doyle believed in faires, well, he was convinced by the Cottingley Fairy photographs, the famous 1917 hoax. He even spent a million dollars promoting them and wrote a book, The Coming of the Fairies (1921), on their authenticity.

Other Works
1902 - The Hound of the Baskervilles
1892 - The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes
1917 - His Last Bow

That any civilized human being in this nineteenth century should not be aware that the earth traveled round the sun appeared to me to be such an extraordinary fact that I could hardly realize it.
‘You appear to be astonished,’ he said, smiling at my expression of surprise. ‘Now that I do know it I shall do my best to forget it.’
‘To forget it!’
‘You see,’ he explained, ‘I consider that a man’s brain is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose. A fool takes in all the lumber of every sort that he comes across, so that the knowledge which might be useful to him gets crowded out, or at best is jumbled up with a lot of other things, so that he has difficulty in laying his hands upon it. Now the skilful workman is very careful indeed as to what he takes into his brain-attic. He will have nothing but the tools which may help him in doing his work, but of these he has a large assortment, and all in most perfect order. It is a mistake to think that that that little room has elastic walls and can distend to any extent. Depend upon it there comes a time when for every addition of knowledge you forget something that you knew before. It is of the highest importance, therefore, not to have useless facts elbowing out the useful ones.’
‘But the Solar System!’ I protested.
‘What the deuce is it to me?’ he interrupted impatiently: ‘you say that we go round the sun. If we went round the moon it would not make a pennyworth of difference to me or to my work.”
John Watson- A military doctor who is wounded during the second Afghan war. He is sent to recover in London, upon which he is introduced to Holmes and becomes his roommate. He is intelligent, rational, calm, and steadfast.

Sherlock Holmes- Worlds first consulting detective, He is a brilliant mind who has a knack for for observation and a flair for the dramatic. He is a talented violin player and chemist, and is well-versed in sensational literature. It is implied that he is involved in some drug usage, although this is never explicitly stated. He has a tendency to be moody and he sometimes experiences profound depression; he is also very solitary.

Conflict: The conflict is between Holmes and the murderer as Holmes races against time to discover who the murderer actually is and why he is doing what he is doing.
One morning Watson notices an article about the art of deduction based on observation. The tiniest detail can yield a multiplicity of information. Watson scoffs at this theory, but is surprised to learn that Holmes was the article's author. Holmes explains that he is a consulting detective; his powers of rational, reasoned observation and deduction allow him to help clients and even solve crimes. He laments that there have been very few good cases of late.
However, a good case soon drops in his lap when he is asked by Scotland Yard detective Gregson to assist him in solving a crime just recently committed. Holmes asks Watson to accompany him and they travel to an empty house in a London neighborhood. There they observe a crime scene that includes cab prints in the street and footprints in the yard, a dead man who has been poisoned but not robbed laid out in a room, and the word RACHE (the German word for revenge) in blood on the wall. A woman's wedding ring falls off of the body when it is lifted. Later on, another man is found dead and the race to find the murderer is on.
Want to know what happens next?

Pick up a copy of the book and find out!
Miss Mary Morstan goes to Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson with something of a mystery. Her father, formerly an officer in an Indian regiment, sent her word from London that she was to meet him at a certain hotel. When she kept the appointment, her father failed to appear, and he has not been heard from in the ten years elapsed since that time. His only known friend in England was Major Sholto, a brother officer, but that gentleman disclaimed any knowledge of Morstan’s presence in London. For the past six years, Mary has received one large and valuable pearl on a certain date each year. That morning, she received a note asking her to meet the writer at a certain spot near a theater. She is to bring two friends if she likes, but not the police. Apprehensive and puzzled, she turns to Holmes for help.
How’d you relate? When I was younger, I enjoyed playing Nancy Drew games and reading the books, and by doing so I wanted to solve mysteries when I grew up.

why’d you chose it? I have always loved mystery stories and shows, and I love the new adaptation that BBC put out of the books, so I wanted to read it to see how much they were alike.

What do you remember most? I remember Sherlock’s deduction scenes the most. They amazed me at what he could notice and string clues together from.

I would recommend this book to anyone who loves a good mystery story!
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