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Events of the Russian Revolution
Transcript of Events of the Russian Revolution
The Japanese emerged victorious and gained the pacific territory.
The embarassment of losing a war to Japan made Czar Nicholas unpopular. The Russian Revolution
The Mongol conquest of Russia began in 1236.
The Mongol conquests tribute system gave the peasants a heavy blow, making them reduced to serfdom.
In 1380, some princes from Moscow lead an alliance of Russian forces and defeated the Mongols in the battle of Kulikova, helping to free Russia from the hold of the Mongols. Mongol Conquest Alexander III Alexander III ruled Russia from 1881 - 1894.
Alexander made an attempt to Russianize the population by force.
He removed many of the reforms his father made and banned political assemblies. The Russo-Japanese War Alexander II Alexander II ruled from 1855 - 1881.
He made many domestic reforms for Russia, including the emancipation of the serfs in 1861.
After a period of repression there was a rise in revolutionary terrorism which lead to Alexander II assassination in 1881. Nicholas II Czar Nicolas II was the last Russian emperor ruling from 1894 - 1917.
Nicholas II was not fit to be a Czar and was unpopular with the people.
He made mistakes in not respecting the state Duma and in taking command of the military during WWI. Abdication of Nicholas II /
Provisional Government In March 1917, the army in Petrograd joined with striking workers wanting socialist reforms and forced Nicholas II to abdicate.
On March 15, 1917 Nicholas II resigned from the throne and was eventually murdered with the rest of his family on orders from Lenin.
The Duma formed a provisional government hoping to salvage war efforts and improve some of Russia's domestic problems. Bloody Sunday A priest named Georgy Gapon lead a peaceful protest to the Czar's palace in 1905.
Grand Duke Vladimir became nervous when he could not stop the protest and ordered the guards to open fire.
The massacre paved the way for many more strikes and peasant uprisings which soon became known as the revolution of 1905. Russia and WWI Russia entered the war in 1914 on the side of the allied powers in defense of Serbia.
The Russian people soon discover they dont have the weapons, food, or supplies needed to continue the war effort.
Czar Nicholas decides to run the military and leads to more dissaproval of his reign and bad military decisions. The Bolshevik Revolution The new provisonal government in 1917 was disliked by the Soviets from the start.
In October of 1917, the Bolshevik party formed an insurrection against the Provisonal government.
On October 24 - 25 the Bolsheviks took control of key buildings in Petrograd and won a practically bloodless revolution. White Army vs. Red Army
Civil War Civil war broke out in 1918 between the anti-Soviet forces (whites) and the Soviets (reds).
The white side was mainly made up of former Tsarist generals and admirals and were supported by the allied forces.
Despite the whites being backed by the allies, the reds were able to win the war with Trotsky's military leadership and Lenin's politics. Lenin Restores Order /
New Economic Policy While the civil war was taking place, Lenin used a policy of siezing grain surpluses without any compensation, making peasants angry and on the edge of uprise.
When the war ended Lenin was able to change his economic policys to favor the peasants.
In March 1921, Lenin introduced a new economic policy of allowing peasants to sell their harvets on the open market, a policy somewhat like capitalism. Lenin's Death In the spring of 1922 Lenin suddenly fell ill.
After recovering several times over the next two years Lenin died on January 21, 1924 after a series of strokes.
Before his death Lenin expressed his fears for the future of Russia if it fell under Stalin's control. With Lenin now dead a power struggle was going to take place for control of Russia. Stalin's Totalitarian Rule / Five Year Plans Great Purge Treaty of Brest-Litovsk The March Revolution In 1928, Stalin set in motion what he called a five year plan to industrialize Russia.
Stalin's plan centered on government control of the economy and the government took control of farms that caused widespread famine.
Stalin created a totaliltarian rule, meaning he controlled all aspects of public and private life in Russia. Power Struggle:
Stalin vs. Trotsky When Lenin died in 1924 Stalin and Trotsky suddenly began a battle of succesion for the control of Russia.
However, Trotsky did not take imediate action like Stalin, who began to move his officers into key government positions until he took control of the communist party in 1928.
In 1929 Stalin forced Trotsky into exile and had him assasinated years later. The treaty of Brest-Litovsk was peace negotiations between the central powers and the Soviet Union in 1917 - 1918.
The Germans demanded the establishment of independent states in the Polish and Baltic regions which the Russians were reluctant to agree to.
Lenin realized the Soviet Union was to weak to continue the war and agreed to the terms of the treaty. In March of 1917, civil unrest and food shortages lead to revolt.
During an uprising in Petrograd the Czar's garrison turned on him and he was forced to abdicate.
The provisional government was then installed by the Duma. Russia becomes USSR As the long five years of revolution and civil war finally came to an end the leaders of Russia turned to political matters and running the country.
The USSR was established under Lenin and the communist party in 1922. In 1932 Stalin became aware that he was becoming unpopular and gaining opposition.
Stalin began to hold trials accusing many men of working with Leon Trotsky and other crimes in order to execute his opposition.
Stalin soon began to look past just his officers and began to purge the Red army and even the secret police. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_Empire http://imagine.wikia.com/wiki/Alexander_II_of_Youngia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Alexander_III._Czar_Of_Russia_Nadar.jpg http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://eurorushomepage.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/nicolas-ii.jpg&imgrefurl=http://eurorus4en.wordpress.com/category/history/&h=512&w=401&sz=60&tbnid=2yZkSIla4PHXxM:&tbnh=131&tbnw=103&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dnicholas%2Bii%26tbm%3Disch%26tbo%3Du&zoom=1&q=nicholas+ii&usg=__hA93l94kbQzY7dJZOZvVQFSG1BE=&sa=X&ei=j3uiTeL_HKPZiAKFrLz_Ag&ved=0CDsQ9QEwBQ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I http://www.emersonkent.com/history_notes/georgy_yevgenyevich_lvov.htm http://www.turkeyswar.com/documents/brestlitovsk.htm http://www.onthisdeity.com/21st-january-1924-%E2%80%93-the-death-of-vladimir-lenin/ http://tonemapped.deviantart.com/art/Hammer-and-Sickle-104937237 http://quotationsbook.com/quotes/author/photos/7307/ http://www.bellefontearts.org/Virtual_walk/Match_Factory.htm http://whiskeygoldmine.com/downtown-bar-stories-lounge-club/crazy-drinking-stories-debauchery-wild-drinking-parties/great-drunken-dictators-napoleon-bonaparte-courvoisier-joseph-yoseph-stalin-vodka-alexnder-the-great-cleitus-ouzo/