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TYPES OF DEMOCRACY

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CSMA SOCIAL STUDIES

on 19 April 2015

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Transcript of TYPES OF DEMOCRACY

Aim to protect the will of the people

Have SEPARATION OF POWERS
Executive
Judicial (Courts of Justice)
Legislative

Have a Constitution / Bill of rights

Have multiple political parties and elections
CHARACTERISTIC OF DEMOCRACY
DIRECT DEMOCRACY
EXAMPLE: Switzerland

Head of State
Any member of government
in turn (for one year).

Government:

Members with equal rights, elected by the parliament, representing all major parties (not really unanimous, but extremely stable)

Government members need not be members of parliament

REFERENDUMS:
is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.

Laws are created in four steps:
1. Draft by the administration
2. Consultation of federal states, political parties, and other interested groups
3. Parliamentary debate and final version passed
4. Possibility of a referendum

Pro: to offer effective checks and balances
Con: takes a long time until a new law is finally accepted.
TYPES OF DEMOCRACY
Direct Democracy - every citizen equally shares in the decisions of limits of equality/freedom.

Indirect (Representative) Democracy - a subset of citizens (elected representatives) will reflect the opinion of a portion of the whole.
Objective: To understand the different types of Democracy and their impact in the world.
TYPES OF DEMOCRACY
CONCLUSION
Results for this system depend less on the choice of one system or another but rather on what might be called an "
established culture of democracy",
consisting of both
know-how
and trust that it works and it pays - for the society as a whole as well as for the individuals.






http://www.democracy-building.info/systems-democracy.html
Blue - Governments that claim to be democratic and allow opposition parties to exist (though in some cases those opposition parties may be persecuted).

Green - Governments that claim to be democratic but do not allow opposition parties to exist.

Red - Governments that do not claim to be democratic
EXAMPLE: France

The President is head of state and
leader of the government


Clear institutional separation of parliament and government

Laws are debated and passed by the parliament, the president may block a law by veto.

The separation of powers - though it might seem very clear in theory - does not automatically provide more effective checks and balances between parliament and government

The president is elected as a personality by the people, he may or may not rely on a majority of the parliament.

Pro: A strong president may act immediately in need.
Con: There is a certain risk that a president may make mistakes and decide poorly.
REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
ACTIVITY
Using the ideas seen today, create a visual representation your notebook using whatever artistic form you choose to describe
Direct
and
Representative Democracies
.
ACTIVITY
Using the ideas seen today, create a visual representation your notebook using whatever artistic form you choose to describe
Direct
and
Representative Democracies
.
ACTIVITY 7th
Answer in your notebook: (10 min)

Why do you think so many people want democracy?
What rights and institutions are necessary for a government to be democratic?
How do citizens participate in a democracy? How can participation be encouraged?

Discuss these questions in class (15 min)
Full transcript