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Culture - soc. 101 March 2011

Akira J

on 12 May 2011

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Transcript of CULTURE

Akira Hernandez - Time Keeper/Gate Keeper
Ramon FonsecaLopez - Devil's Advocate, Tech Savvy
David Kraus - Team Leader
Sarah Zapata - Recorder, Encourager
Richard Aguilar - Resource Keeper CULTURE What is culture? the learned and shared behaviors, beliefs, attitudes,
values, and material objects that characterize a particular
group or society. Key Terms!

Subculture- – A group or category of people whose distinctive ways of thinking, feeling, and acting differ somewhat from those of the larger society.

Real Culture- People’s actual everyday behavior.

Mores- – Norms that members of a society consider very important because they maintain moral and ethical behavior.

Folkways- – Norms that members of a society (or a group within a society) look upon as not being critical and that may be broken without severe punishment.

Language- – A system of shared symbols that enables people to communicate with one another.

Symbol- – Anything that stands for something else and has a particular meaning for people who share a culture.

Sanctions- – Rewards for good or appropriate behavior and/or penalties for bad or inappropriate behavior.

Laws- – formal rules about behavior that are defined by a political authority that has the power to punish violators. cultural Diveristy Most of us are members of numerous
subcultures. Subcultures reflect a variety
of characteristics, interests, or activities:
* Ethnicity
*Sex & Gender
*Music & Art Chaaracteristics of Culture Culture is learned- it is not innate.
Culture is passed from generation to the next- The Young learn culture, habits through
interactions from parents, teachers.
Culture is shared- Culture brings members of a society together. A shared sense of beliefs,
values, and attitudes collectively form morality and helps dictate the masses interpretations of
right and wrong. Without shared culture there would be no society but a gathering of people in
Culture is adapting- Every time an event occurs it may have an effect on society. Advancements
in fields such as medicine, technology and comunication may have changing effects on culture. The Building Blocks of Culture Symbols- Used to identify groups in an at-a-glance manor
Languge- It is the most common form of human communication
Values- The standards by which a group define what is morally good or bad
Norms- Societies specific rules about right and wrong behavior. Cultural diversity makes the WORLD a much more interesting place to live for every inhabitant. If we all thought alike, acted alike and did everything alike imagine how boring the world would be! Cultural diveristy is the variety of different cultures in a region or the world in general! :) There is a large amout of cultural variabilty between societies and also within the same societies. If within the same society, it is referred to as 'subcultures' and/or 'countercultures'. This is what makes societies even more diversified and complex! Subculture–- A group or category of people whose distinctive ways of thinking, feeling, and acting differ somewhat from those of the larger society.
Counterculture- A group or category of people who deliberately oppose and consciously reject some of the basic beliefs, values, and norms of the dominate culture
1. Sense of self and space
Mainstream American Culture:
Informal, Handshake
Other Cultures:
Formal Hugs, bows, handshakes

2. Communication and language
Mainstream American Culture:
Explicit, direct communication Emphasis on content--meaning found in words
Other Cultures:
Implicit, indirect. communication. Emphasis on context--meaning found around words

3. Dress and appearance
Mainstream American Culture:
"Dress for success" ideal. Wide range in accepted dress
Other Cultures:
Dress seen as a sign of position, wealth, prestige. Religious rules

4. Food and eating habits
Mainstream American Culture:
Eating as a necessity--fast food
Other Cultures:
Dining as a social experience. Religious rules

5. Time and time consciousness
Mainstream American Culture:
Other Cultures:
Focus on nuclear family. Responsibility for self. Value on youth, age seen as handicap
Focus on extended family. Loyalty and responsibility to family. Age given status and respect
Aspects of Culture
Mainstream American Culture
Other Cultures WORKS CITED
"SOC"Student Edition, Nijole V Benokraitis: 39-60 text
"Cultural Diversity", Michael D. Lee
http://www.ethnoconnect.com/pdf/article01 Technology & Culture Technology
the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science. Technology
the more complex a society's technology, the easier it is for members of that society to shape the world f for themselves. The term “culture” is commonly used incorrectly to measure the level “good” or “bad” levels of a culture.

“I hate Las Vegas because it has no culture”.

Las Vegas' lack of a clear cut identity is our culture. At least, until something more prevalent emerges over time.

It's not bad or good, it's just the way we are. Theoretical analysis of culture

• Society refers to people who interact in a defined territory and shared culture Structural-Functional Analysis
• Drawing on the philosophical doctrine of idealism, this approach holds that core values bind members of society together in an integrated system. While core values may differ between societies there appear to be cultural universals, found in every culture of the world. The limitations of this approach include an underestimation of culture conflict and a downplaying of the extent of change in society.
Social-Conflict Analysis

• The focus among researchers using this paradigm is the social conflict generated by inequality among different categories of people in a culture. The question of why certain values are dominant in a culture rather than some others is central to this view. Karl Marx, using the philosophical doctrine of materialism, argued that the way we deal with the material world (i.e., through capitalism) powerfully affects all other dimensions of our culture. A limitation of this perspective is an underestimation of the extent of integration in society. Cultural Materialism

• Rooted in the natural sciences, this paradigm emphasizes that human culture is significantly shaped by the natural environment. Cultural materialism is defined as a theoretical paradigm that explores the relationship of human culture to the physical environment.

• Marvin Harris' analysis of India's sacred cow provides an informative illustration of the application of this approach. Limitations of this perspective involve an oversimplification of the connections between cultural and physical forces and a lack of applicability to technologically sophisticated societies who extensively manipulate the natural environment. Sociobiology
• Sociobiology is a theoretical paradigm that seeks to explain cultural patterns as a product, at least in part, of biological causes. This view poses an interesting challenge to the sociologist's focus on culture as the dominant force in human life.
• Sociobiologists argue that Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection applies to human evolution as it does to all other species.
• Controversy exists concerning the application of Darwin's insights to humans. Sociobiologists focus on the existence of certain cultural universals as evidence that culture is determined to a significant degree by biology. For example the double standard in sexuality is found, according to Kinsey, in all peoples and makes sense as a biological imperative. The most efficient reproductive strategy for males is promiscuity while the best strategy for females is the selection of one male who will contribute to their child’s survival.
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