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Transcript of Sensory Modulation
What is a Sensory Diet?: The brain is constantly evolving with neurons competing for connections and room. Anytime you challenge the brain by learning something new, you alter the quantitiy and strength of neuro connections.
Brain plasticity is why the sensory diet and other sensory interventions are successful.
The term coined by Patricia Wilbarger translates to a schedule of sensory activities to provide the fuel for sensory needs. This is provided in controlled doses/situations
Purpose to meet sensory needs and reduce seeking input in maladaptive ways eg tantruming.
Sensory processing checklists: many available
Teacher checklist- school age checklist (age 5-12): handout (answers to questions teacher ask)
The Sensory Profile and School Companion (OT)
Sensory Processing Measure (OT)-compares school and home
What is Sensory Modulation?
Sensory integration/sensory processing are the innate neurological process that refers to the integration and interpretation of sensory stimulation
Listening to your student
Far senses (distal) -5 senses
Near senses (proximal)- proprioceptive, vestibular, interoceptive
Sensory Integration Treatment
How to recognize a child with sensory dysfunction- observations
Symptoms of over -responsiveness and under-responsiveness
Sensory systems checklist-http:/www.sensationalbrain.com/pdf/SB-sensory-checklist.pdf
Tools for Teaching Modulation
Teaching sensory regulation- eg. Alert program(How your Engine Runs)
Introducing sensory states (just right, calming, alerting activities)
Learning to identify and use strategies
My Sensory Book -Lauren Kerstein
Visual Sensory Diet Tools- BrainWorks, SticKids, Google images
Technology available: http://www.sensationalbrain.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/BrainWorks-App-Info-Sheet.pdf
Role of Occupational Therapy
"Use of therapeutic purposeful activities to help children and adults function physically, emotionally, academically, and socially in their daily activities"
Providing therapeutic activities to facilitate child directed treatment sessions
Environment with suspended activities
Balance of structure and independence
Classroom Environmental Accommodations for calming and focus
Modulate music or metronome -focus
Frequent movement breaks- K every 15 minutes, adult 50min longer breaks (more than 10 minutes) every 90 minutes for younger kids.
Yoga poses, 2 minute stretch, action songs
Alternative seating options/ changes in position-therapy ball, T-stools, , air wedges, move and sit
Minimize use of fluorescent lights
Limit visual materials hanging from ceiling and walls
Store fine motor and math manipulatives in plastic containers or cubbies
Be sure materials are organized and labeled where they belong
Desk organization with picture template
Tape number lines, spelling words to desk
Limit auditory input- close doors, seating position in class
Prepare child sensitive to noises for clean up bells, fire drills, announcements
Places of retreat- "time in area"
Access to modulating tools; weighted lap pad, fidgets, headphones
Compression vests/weighted vests
Refer to schedule so can look forward to sensory breaks
Make available to whole class where appropriate
Snacking during seat work, gum chewing, mints, water bottle (straw)
Sensory Rich Activities in the Classroom
Sensory Activity Stations
Smell discrimination-games, scented stickers, cooking
Use of Fidgets!!
Fine motor skills- my quick plug!! Please work on pencil grip early!!
Heavy work (proprioceptive) and vestibular activities at school
Input that helps us learn where and how much contractions in needed for movement
Wash desks and/or dry erase boards
Help rearrange desks in classroom
Fill egg crates with books to take to other classrooms
Place chairs on/off desks to help clean up
Snack breaks; crunchy/chewy
Sharpen pencils with manual sharpener
Staple paper on bulletin boards
Stack Xerox paper
Sports- running and jumping
Wall push ups
Chair push ups
Coloring on large paper on floor
Animal walks- crab, bear, army
Jumping jacks, push ups
Isometric exercise breaks
Hopscotch/ chinese elastic, four square/ball games
Thanks for listening!!
Occupational Therapist (OTR/L)
Prop- how the body senses itself. the internal sense that tells you where your body parts are without having to look for them. Detect stretch/ pull on muscles and joints.
vestibular- tells us where we are in relation to gravity- critical for balance, spatial orientation and oculomotor control
SPM -specific type of Sensory Processing Disorder